Essay On Legislative Powers

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Legislative power is a supreme power of the state, which is ordinarily elected and thus reflects the sovereignty of the state. The legislative systems of United States of America and the United Kingdom are widely known to have multiple differences, as well as certain similarities. An efficient assessment of the legislative systems of the United Kingdom and the United States allows identifying major issues of the overall functioning of both countries. Nonetheless, the primary difference between the legislative system of the United States of American and the United Kingdome of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the absence of the constitution in the legislative system of the former. The latter is also accompanied by the fact that the members…show more content…
The US Constitution is based on the principle of separation of powers in its "hard" version (Calvi and Coleman 10). Article I of the Constitution is devoted to the legislative power (the US Congress), Article II – to the executive power (the President), Article III – to the judiciary power (primarily the United States Supreme Court) (Schofield and Sened 198). The latter presents a certain structure and order of functioning the every single of the forenamed branches. The U.S. Congress consists of two chambers: the Senate and the House of Representatives. The House of Representatives is elected for two years in the amount of 435 deputies from single-mandate constituencies. Senators are elected for six years; two from each state. Congress is created from the members of various committees: permanent joint committee of both Houses, who are working on bills, organizing parliamentary hearings, supervise the activities of the administration, etc., and temporary special committees to investigate specific issues. Chairmen of committees have more powers: they set the agenda, set the date of parliamentary hearings, choose the speakers at the plenary session of the Chamber on diverse bills, as well as possess diverse disciplinary powers (Calvi and Coleman 370). Both houses of Congress have party factions of the majority and the minority, headed by leaders elected at fraction

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