BRITISH INSTITUTIONS: PARLIAMENT AND MONARCHY 1. What is the Parliament? The Parliament is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependences and overseas territories. It possesses legislative supremacy and ultimate power over the rest of political bodies in the UK and its territories. It examines what the Government is doing, creates new laws, retains the power to tax fixation and it is where the concerns of the day are debated.
Myanmar Myanmar government system is the Parliamentary Government. The president is the head of state and the power is shared through three branches of government which are the Executive Branch, the Legislature Branch and the judicial branch. In the Executive branch of or the presidency, the President is elected by the parliament from three Vice President of different parliament house which are the upper house, the lower house and military member parliament each nominate one Vice President. He or she can serves for 5 years term. Moreover, the president has the power to appoint the cabinet, government ministers and nominated judge.
The judicial system is to extend accountable to S.P.A Supreme People 's Assembly and the Presidium of the S.P.A in cases of emergency concerning matters of national interest. Election in NORTH KOREA: Elections in North Korea are held every five years for Supreme People’s Assembly (SPA) – the country’s national legislature- and every four years for local people Assembly. All seats won by the Democratic front for the reunification of the fatherland. The worker’s party of Korea dominates the fronts and holds 87.5% of the seats, with 7.4% for the Korean social Democratic party, 3.2% for the Chondoist Chongu Party, and 1.9% for the independent deputies. According to official reports, turnout is near 100%, and approval of the Democratic fronts candidates is unanimous or
Further, the regions are subdivided into regional units which are run by the vice-regional governor, all of whom are reelected after five years. Elections are executed through proportional representation systems in which citizens from all the 56 constituencies cast their ballots on the basis of an individual candidate or a party. The party with more votes is awarded a 50-seat premium, a figure that is filled by the candidates belonging to the loosing
Parliamentary or, the presidential system. Both England and Germany put great stock in the power of the parliament and its abilities to legislate, rather than a single figure head to lead the government. France, on the other hand, contrasts greatly with the former countries mentioned. The French use what is called a semi-presidential system. Essentially, the system fuses the role of the executive and the legislative.
The constitutions vest the executive with the Federal council, which consists of seven members, elected by the Federal assembly for four years. The president of the constitution who is elected by the Federal assembly for a period of one year only is simply first among equals. He in no way enjoys a superior position to that of the rest of the Colleagues. Position of Judiciary. The Swiss judiciary plays a less vital role than the judiciary in the US or in India.
The concurred powers allow both federal and state government to share the power. Each of these set limits as to what the national government and the state government can do. With dual federalism, the national government would be in charge of foreign affairs, national security, and other national relations. This action left the states any domestic policy issues, thus, separating the powers of a national government and a state government (Bessette). Without these limitations, many political decisions might be unconstitutional
Communist Party The politic party in China is Communist Party. It was founded at 1921 congress in Shanghai. The important officials including judges must be the member of Community Party. The Party has its own constitution which is shorter from and some parts are very similar to the constitution of China. National Party Congress is the highest body of Communist Party (Article 10 of Constitution), the members have meeting every 5 years.
There were few limitations placed on State authority and the national government lacked key powers such as taxation, making them subordinate to the state legislatures. Hence, there is a huge disparity in power between the national government and the state legislatures. The framers of constitution hence designed the constitution to empower the national government in their attempt to equilibrate their powers: they empowered the executive- creation of the executive and the veto powers of the executive. According to article I, there is an Increase in legislative powers for the federal government where they have the powers to tax and to regulate interstate commerce. The executive branch
Parliament and the State Legislatures are not supreme. They have to enact laws subject to the provisions set out in the Federal and State constitutions. The word ‘supremacy’ shows the highest authority or rank and could even be known as being in an all-powerful position. The word ‘constitution’