In addition , a proletariat was created and peasants were moving to cities in order to work . Consequently , the foundation for the second five-year plan ( 1933-37 ) were built . Stalin’s main problem was that the USSR was rich in natural ressources but were concentrated in Siberia so cities had to be built from nothing . Basically , heavy industry remained the priority and Stalin developed other areas such as mining , zinc and minerals exploited in Siberia . Major changes occurred such as communications with the construction of new railways and canals but the most impressive one was the Moscow underground railway .
To win the Civil War, Lenin had to use “the crushing power of socialist revolution so destroy the bourgeois capitalist dogs” (). This necessitated War Communism, which saw the Red Army take 70% off shoes and 60% of food from the peasantry and urban workers and the complete nationalization of industry to win. The impact was severe, with 7.5 million people dying as a result of the harsh policy and led to a 33% decline in urban population. Finally, the consequence of this would, therefore, be the revolt by the Kronstadt sailors in March which required 20,000 Red Guards to put down and forced Lenin into the realization that “the elixir of socialist medicine was perhaps too hastily applied” (). Overall, the immediate consequences of the Russian
Stalin resisted Trotsky’s policies and the two had a bloody clash over what would be Stalingrad. When the communist forces won the Russian Civil War of 1920, Trotsky focused on economic reconstruction. Most of his ideas were unsuccessful. In the winter of 1920-1921 there was an issue about the future role of trade unions. The crisis came to a head in 1921, and at this point Trotsky sided with Lenin, backing the suppression of open factional activities within the party.
In the years before Lenin’s death, Stalin wasn’t seen as the heir-apparent to be head of the communist party in the Soviet Union. Stalin wasn’t at all important to the forming of the party or the takeover of the provisional government in October. He was an outsider within the party until he was giving commissioner of nationalities which was Stalin’s first leg up in gaining power over the communist party. Moreover, Stalin was a tactical man who would outsmart and maneuver his enemies by manipulating the public before killing off his opponents to rid himself of opposition. The first example of Stalin successfully overcoming opposition begins with Lenin’s death in 1924 and who will become the head of the party.
Russia’s social structure and major class division were illuminated during World War One thus contributing to the 1917 Revolution. Ineffective reforms and the limited political participation by the population contributed to grievances felt by society. Furthermore, the poor economic conditions exacerbated by the demands of war highlighted Russia’s failure to industrialise resulting in mass inflation and poverty. Russia was industrialising quickly and cheaply, worsening the working conditions. Russia’s
Communism, an ideology developed by Karl Marx, was a key component in the revolution of USSR. Marx envisioned a society where the lower and upper classes were equal in regards to property and rights. During the Russian Revolution, an extensive amount of propaganda was used to promote communism. Although propaganda was used in various forms, the posters made a huge impact in convincing the population of Soviet Union to support the communist cause. The posters contained several healthy messages about the effects of the revolution in Soviet Union.
Lenin does not achieve his goals in establishing communism in the industrial sector and the agriculture reigns of the country. However he did achieve communism in the political sector of the country, in the form of war communism. At the end of WW1 the country was an economic disaster. People didn’t have the money to buy a loaf of bread to feed their families. There was no food for Lenin’s Red Army and with a civil war on his doorstep he needed to keep his troops strong and healthy.
Trotsky’s actions caused him to be arrested, and once again, exiled to Siberia (Leon Trotsky Biography par. 6). Even though important figures in the government did not join ranks with the Bolsheviks, many workers and soldiers began to support the Bolshevik party after the February Revolution when Vladimir Ilich Lenin protested for peace and insisted that Soviets, workers’ councils, should take authority and could improve the country. Months after the February Revolution, in October, the Bolsheviks officially ruled Russia, (Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica par. 4).
The March Revolution, a nationalist movement, began mainly because of the want for a constitution. Prussia’s leader, Frederick William IV, was afraid of giving them a constitution because he was weak. He was a bad leader since Prussia’s success was only because of the work of administrators in the government, and they were the ones favoring a constitution. The March Revolution had some success because in response to the revolts, Frederick William IV allowed a Prussian assembly to be created. The ones elected wanted to unite with Germany to challenge Russia.
Leon Trotsky; the great communist “Life is not an easy matter...You cannot live throughout it without falling into frustration and cynicism unless you have before you a great idea which raises you above personal misery, above weakness, above all kinds of perfidy and baseness” (Trotsky). Leon Trotsky followed the ideas of Karl Marx and came up with a great idea to change Russian during the Revolution. Trotsky had great moral principles which is why Stalin despised him and wanted to “get rid” of him. Leon Trotsky was a great revolutionary who persuaded and inspired many people during the Revolution through Karl Marx’s ideas. Overall Trotsky was the best revolutionary during the Russian Revolution because he was able to accomplish his goals without