The prevalence of low birth weight is highest in the South Asian region. India, the most populous country in South Asia accounts for 40 percent of low birth weight babies in the overall developing world (UNICEF 2004). In most cases, the birth-weight of babies is not measured in India because majority of births taking place outside the
In the urban population, IMRs in the five lowest infant mortality states have decreased faster than in five highest infant mortality states, resultantly inter-state inequality in urban infant mortality has increased. However in states with highest infant mortality, between 1981-83, has resulted in a decrease in the inter-state inequality. The median decrease in total infant mortality rate in states having lowest and the highest infant mortality in 1981-83 was 39.92 per cent and 54.16 per cent respectively. Similarly, the median decrease in rural infant mortality rate in states with lowest rural infant mortality and in states with highest infant mortality in 1981-83 was 39.96 and 54.73 per cent respectively; the corresponding figures for the urban infant mortality rate being 46.73 and 41.56 per cent respectively (Chaurasia, 2005). Kerala in India has the lowest infant mortality rates and recorded IMR of 7 against the national average of 34 in 2013(Indian Academy of
Preterm birth, defined as childbirth occurring at less than 37 weeks or 259 days of gestation, is a major determinant of neonatal mortality and morbidity and has long-term antithetical consequences for health.1-3 Children who are born preterm have higher rates of cerebral palsy, sensory deficits, learning disabilities and respiratory illnesses compared with children born full term. The morbidity related with preterm birth often extends to later life, resulting in enormous physical, psychological and economic costs.4, 5 Preterm children are at greater risk of motor impairments and these impairments often persist into adolescence. Premature infants comprise a special group of high-risk infants. Their motor development is distinct from that of healthy full - term infants and their occurrence of motor disorders is higher than their incidence of recognition and behavioral disorders.6 About 10 – 20% of all pregnancies and 9% of neonates are at risk7. According to international studies, 2.6 – 10% of neonates with birth weight of <1500 g).
In the Philippines, one in every eight hundred babies born has Down syndrome or around 1,875 cases a year in a population of 1.5-million live births, as reported by The Manila Times (2014). Since the statistics have indicated such number of families affected, it is factual that the family experiences, family roles, and social support are important in the development of an individual having Down Syndrome, as stated by Gayman (2014). It is given
There has been a sharp increase in the number of elderly persons between 1991 and 2001 and it has been projected that by the year 2050, the number of elderly people would rise to about 324 million. About 90% of the elderly were from the unorganized sector, i.e., they have no regular source of income. The number of centenarians in India is about 2,00,0001. The size of the elderly rose in absolute terms during the last century from 12 million in 1901 to approximately 71 million in 2001 and is likely to reach 113 million in 2016. As per provisional census of Indian population 2011, the age group of 60+ years is 7.5% and age above 65 years is 5.0% from the total population.
Pakistan 's population is 182.1 million whereas there are 17.2% of the population is living below the poverty line. Many villages and cities do not have a proper access to clean water, power supply and medical care. There are several government hospitals but there are in miserable conditions. People in Pakistan have large families, those who live below the poverty line finds it hard to take care of their children and give them proper education. The literacy rate in Pakistan is 58% which is very low amongst all the countries.
INTRODUCTION India, a six decade independent country still strives hard to protect its children less than five years of age. According to UNICEF 2011 Report, India is the home to the largest number of children in the world with 20 percentage of 0-4 year child population. The number of live births in the country is estimated to be 27 million according to the same report, which again constitutes 20 percentage of total number of live births in the world. Contemporarily India contributes to more than 20 percentage of child deaths in the world, in about 1.83 million children die annually before completing their fifth birthday. While India has made significant gains in child survival in the age group 1-4 years since 1990(56 percentage decline) the overall decline in the child mortality was largely hindered by subdued progress in the age of neonatal deaths.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report, 33 twins born in every 1000 childbirth. After 1980 the birthrate of twins has increased to 76 percent. So you are not alone. So many parents have to deal with twin’s issue. I have ten essential practical tips for the parents who need to deal with twins.
Abstract-India is now home to the world’s largest number of blind people. In 37 million people across the globe 15 million blind people are from India. 75% of these are cases of avoidable blindness. On the other hand, while India needs 2.5 lakh donated eyes every year, the country 's 109 eye banks in which 5 located in Delhi manage to collect a maximum of just 25,000 eyes, 30% of which can 't be used. Meanwhile, shortage of donated eyes is becoming a huge problem.