Amaryll Chanady in her book ‘Magical Realism and Fantastic’ characterizes magical realism with two conflicting ideas, one based on an enlightened view of reality and the other one based on the acceptance of celestial as a part of this real world. Thereby, magical realism in literature defends the concurrence of real and fantastic. The narrator accepts realistic conventions, also introduces things which are not seen as real into the text. These elements are woven together in a magical realist text seamlessly. Thus the text does not only belong to the realm of fantasy but also empirical reality.
At the articulation of G. G. Marquez’s name the term which immediately crosses the readers’ mind is magical realism. In his much acclaimed “Strange Pilgrims” Marquez perfectly embodies magical realism as a technique of revamping the marvelous into actual existence. Incorporating the elements of macabre and fantastic, the stories of the anthology reverberate with apparently familiar events that take on magical and strange implications as the Latin American characters attempt to come to terms with a foreign environment. Marquez aptly shows his taste for magical realism, the perfect mélange of fantasy and hyperbole exhibited in a framework of reality, which pervades throughout the stories of “Strange Pilgrims”. His narration is so serious and natural that he is able to produce a magical terrain where everything is possible and believable.
Martin (2010) says that magic is the central of fantasy stories. According to him, magic can lead the reader into a bored and uninterested mood if it is done poorly, conversely, it will fuel an astonishing and incredible story if the author can create a sophisticated and interesting magic. In order to make an interesting magic, therefore, author needs to create the rule on how the magic will work along the story. 2.2. Magic Law Nikolajeva (1988, as cited in Watts, 2006) states that magic law is rules that apply in order to build up an imagined world.
Larkin’s early work shows the influence of Yeats. His first book, The North Ship, published in 1945 at his own expense, reflects his early infatuation with Yeats. Afterwards The Less Deceived, published in 1955, marked Larkin as an up-and-coming poet. The title itself makes clear Larkin’s newfound disillusionment with Yeats and modernism in general. Two more collections followed at similarly lengthy intervals: The Whitsun Weddings (1965), considered by many to be his finest achievement, and his last collection High Windows (1974), confirmed him as one of the finest poets in English Literary History.
Geoffrey Chaucer, known as the Father of English literatures, is widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages. He was the first poet to be buried in Poet’s Corner of Westminster Abbey. While he achieved fame during his lifetime as an author, philosopher, and astronomer, composing a scientific treaty on the astrolabe for his ten-year-old son Lewis, Chaucer also maintained an active career in the civil service as a bureaucrat, courtier and diplomat. Early life He was born circa 1340, most likely at his parents’ house on Thames Street in London, England. Chaucer’s family was of the bourgeois class, descended from an affluent family who made their money in the London wine trade.
Among the English poets Coleridge stands out supreme to conjure a weird wherever necessary in the poem. In spite of many improbabilities in the poem we are compelled to believe the things because, we are fascinated and gripped by his strangeness and air of mystery. He has succeeded in the task of imparting to the supernatural an air of naturalness and realism. When we read the poem we are not conscious at all that there is a piling up of mysterious and improbable details. Supernaturalism in Coleridge is not only the presentation of sorrow by external devices but also its effect on human conduct and behavior.
Magic realism thus, turns out to be a carnivalesque discourse that upholds the jovial ‘carnivalesque spirit’ in which not only “language is used extravagantly,” but also myths, legends, supernatural elements, folktales of a specific cultural society, (Faris and Zamora 184). The exuberance of different magical elements offers thus an incredible novelty while revising the truth-claims of western realism. Examining the spirit of the carnival based on, zestful exaggerations and profusion of different elements, Danow explains that magic realism upholds the carnival’s principles of excess, exaggeration, transgression and inversion as the magical turns out to be real and the real changes into magical: “regards the supernatural as natural, takes fiction as truth, and makes the extraordinary or “magical” as viable a possibility as the ordinary or “real” so that no true distinction is perceived or acknowledged between the two” (Danow 3) . Accordingly, it holds a poetics of subversion, disrupting the official discourses of the canon while fostering the postcolonial desire to challenge. Butler’s Fledgling and
Authors are not only taking up mythology and visualizing it the way they want to, but also interpreting it to tell beautiful stories and look at mythology from different perspectives. An explicit attempt to retell the purana in novel form is Anita Nair’s ‘Magical Indian Myths’ which will be analysed in the following. The novel allows insight into the complex construction of mythology; It focuses on the mystery of Indian mythology unwrapped for the universal. Answers some if not all mythological questions Anita Nair’s ‘Magical Indian Myths’ is a collection of ancient India’s myths and legends belonging to Indian culture which answers the questions about Indian mythology. India has the greatest living oral narrative tradition
A noted public intellectual, Bhagat also writes columns about the youth, career development and current affairs. The Times Of India (in English) and Dainik Bhaskar (in Hindi). Bhagat's novels have sold over a total of seven million copies. In 2008, The New York Times cited Bhagat as "the biggest selling English language novelist in India’s history". Movies based on Bhagat's novels include 3 idiots, which held the record for the highest-grossing Bollywood movie ever
He became lawyer in 1887. The prisoners of zenda (1894) his sixth novel and its sequels. This novel describe the adventures of the english man Rudolph Rassendyll in the mythical kingdom of Ruritania. Although he was a profolic writer specially of adventures novels. “PREVIEW” The content of the book is too much interesting and catches the reader attentions towards it.