Since the early 1600s, the colonies had been practicing self-government. With the influence of the British, the American colonies were able to create a representative government. With the rights of its people in mind, the government continues to put in force the policies and laws formed by the colonies. Those policies, formed so long ago by the colonies, have helped to shape and maintain our Constitutional Republic today.
From the late 1500’s to the late 1700’s, the Enlightenment period occurred. Thinkers and philosophers across Europe created ideas that changed the way people thought. For example, John Locke thought of the idea that everyone had natural rights. These rights consisted of the right to life, liberty, and property. Voltaire had the idea that the power lies in the hands of the people and their elected government. Benjamin Franklin, who had a great influence on the new government in the Americas as he told the ideas of government structure that he thought was better. Without these three people and their thoughts, the world wouldn't be the way it is today.
Ultimately it allowed the founding fathers to recognized the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation and fix the shortage of this prestigious paper. As the Constitution was ratified it offered solutions to all the problems the nation was facing and brought all thirteen colonies into one. The Constitution created a system that divided Congress into two houses, first the House of Representatives then the Senate. This helped give people from the smaller states a voice against the bigger states and its people, which lead for equal representation. The ratification also gave the central government more power while Congress gained the power to enforce good interstate relations and regulate trade being made. It called for a new currency system which would help eliminate problems with trade and allow the government to impose taxes more efficiently. The ratification of the Constitution helped the United States to make better progress as a nation and made economic growth
Thomas Jefferson’s works and ideas laid the foundation for several key aspects on the limits of the United States government, the idea of separation of church and state, and the importance of personal rights. Jefferson wrote many influential pieces of literature which pushed the concept of having limited government power. Jefferson wanted America not to be like the European monarchies that fell due to religious strife, so he emphasized a secular government. Jefferson, following closely with the ideas of John Locke, stressed the importance of the protection of individual rights against the government.
The Age of Reason is a name used to describe the age that influenced the American Statesmen of the Revolution. Taxes forced upon the colonists by Britain after the French and Indian War enraged the colonists, leading to the Revolution that would change the world forever. Thomas Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence and Thomas Paine’s The Crisis Number 1 were two very important works of literature during the Revolutionary period. Both works used persuasion effectively. Jefferson wrote to King George III declaring independence; Paine’s purpose was to unite America to fight against Britain. However, The Declaration was most effective because we still use The Declaration of Independence today. The United States would not be the democracy it is today without Thomas Jefferson’s Declaration of
The government today is based off a document written over 200 years ago called the
The ideas of the Enlightenment influenced the American Revolution and the formation of the American Government. Firstly, The Enlightenment was a philosophical evolution that emphasized the aged ideas of the Greeks and Romans. In addition, the major philosophers of this time period were Voltaire, John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, Rousseau, Adam Smith and Isaac Newton. Their ideals include having an absolute monarch as a government (T.H), the separation of powers (Mont.), the government should not interfere with a free market economy (A.S), the freedom of speech (Volt.), the government could be overruled (J.L), and the government should rule according to the will of the people. Nevertheless, these ideals are important because they shaped the government that we have today. Therefore, these ideals massively aroused the
Complete the following short answer questions THOROUGHLY and THOUGHTFULLY. Insufficient answers will not receive full credit. Answers should be in another color. Be sure to choose a color that readable!
The Age of Absolutism was a period of prosperity in Europe during the 16th and 17th centuries. While at this time many countries had absolute rulers, these rulers were able to make a lot of progress in advancing their nations. These rulers are some of the greatest rulers these countries have ever had and helped lead to the prosperity of this era.
The historical development of the world from 1690 to 1830 wouldn’t be what it was if it weren’t for John Locke’s Second Treatise of Government. Locke’s Second Treatise not only sparked individualism, but also revolutions, and was a guide to the creations of declarations around the world. Two main revolutions and declarations that Locke’s ideas inspired were the American Revolution and the French Revolution.
The British government influenced the principles of limited government, individual rights, and checks and balances. The Enlightenment thinkers influenced the principles of separations of powers, checks and balances, popular sovereignty, and individual rights. Also, the failures of the Articles of Confederation influenced the principles of federalism, limited government, and checks and balances. All of these influences have greatly impacted the United States government. To this day we believe that the British government, changed the found fathers view on government after limiting the king’s power. The Enlightenment thinkers also influenced us with their intelligence and discoveries. It is also believed that the failures of the Articles of Confederation influenced the United States Constitution because the founding fathers did not want for their government to fail, like it did with the articles. Without the influences of the United States Constitution, the United States government today would not be the same. For example without the United States Constitution, marriage rights could be denied to same sex couple, we would have our democratic right to vote for a president every 4 years, and etc. None of these things would have existed if it were not for the influences of the United States Constitution. Our world has changed for the better, since these
Absolute monarchy is rule by one person, usually a King or Queen, who obtains absolute power of authority with no repercussions for what he or she does. Bishop Bossuet held strongly to the argument of absolute monarchy, whereas John Locke opposed on the basis of man's natural rights. Bossuet and Locke have different views on the government’s source of power and their ideas about the rights of the people, but agreed that their chosen theories are in the best interest of the people and held their country's unity in high regard.
The Pilgrims creation of the Mayflower Compact helped the average citizen have a role in government because the government and laws the Pilgrims chose to have for themselves in the New World was different from the monarchy and laws they were used to in Europe. In the Mayflower Compact, the Pilgrims state that they are going to combine themselves into a civil, body politic. They also plan to create equal laws, ordinances, acts, constitutions and offices for the general good of the colony. The government the Pilgrims had allowed men in the colony, and their wives if they were absent during a town meeting, to vote. The colonists were used to having a Monarchy as their government who could create or get rid of laws at any moment. The laws they
Financial stability of the colonial people was often thought to be put at stake with the introduction of new taxes and regulations which caused much frustration. Before Parliament had laid out any questionable taxes (i.e. stamp act), the citizens appeared perfectly content with Parliament 's power (Doc C). The stamp act required that every document, used by the colonists be stamped and taxed. One can see why this would anger people (as paper was the “big thing” before modern technology). Chaos ensued, the colonists were not fond of tax collectors whatsoever. This institution of things similar to the stamp act was a major factor (of the economic kind) that led to the revolution because it was benefited almost no on in the colonies, and would
That could happen if the Constitution was not set in place to guard against tyranny. Tyranny occurs when the government has an absolute ruler who rules harshly. The previous constitution, the Articles of Confederation, was not very powerful and lacked many laws needed leading to a decision to forward a new constitution. The Constitution set up different laws to split the power between different powers so that they would never be ruled by a tyrant once more. As such, they split the power between the state and central government, federalism, so that one government does not have more power than the other. Also, the three branches were made to spread power and to check each other so that one branch cannot rule the other. The Constitution also protects the chance of tyranny in congress, by determining the number of representatives in the House of Representatives by the state’s population and each state shall have 2 senators representing them in Senate. The constitution made laws guarding against one power having more than another, guarding against tyranny.