Essay On Male Circumcision

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INTRODUCTION

Male circumcision can be defined as surgical removal of the foreskin from the penis. Circumcision has been practiced in Africa for more than 5000 years, and in Middle East for more than 3000 years. Nowadays it is estimated that 30% of men are circumcised globally with the majority of them from Muslim countries. It is usually carried out for religious reason as well as non- religious reason such as cultural, medical, and social reasons. Male circumcision has been shown to have protective effect against many conditions such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), penile carcinoma, and infections of the urinary tract (Moses et al., 1998). HIV is one of the major public health problems; in 2013 it estimated that 30 million people were living with HIV worldwide,
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It is usually different from place to place and it is strongly influenced by cultural values regarding circumcision. For example in a study conducted in Zimbabwe, men were asked if they would like to be circumcised to decrease the risk of getting HIV infection. Only 45% of men answered yes. However the acceptability of MC was higher in other African countries(Halperin et al., 2005).
Circumcision is a simple surgical procedure and it’s usually done either in clinical or in traditional setting. Despite the various benefits associated with circumcision, it is like other surgical procedure that can lead to complication if it does not done properly. A study conducted in in Bungoma district, Kenya, to measure the prevalence of complication associated with traditional and clinical circumcision. The overall complication rate was 25%. 35% of traditionally circumcised men developed at least one complication, whereas only 18% of those circumcised clinically experiencing complications. These complications include: bleeding, infections, and strong pain(Bailey et al.,

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