MALNUTRITION A person is said to be malnourished if the diet that they take does not provide their bodies with sufficient calories and protein necessary for maintenance and growth or their bodies are not able to adequately utilize food because of an illness. Excessive consumption of calories or over-nutrition has also been known to cause malnutrition. Malnutrition is, therefore, a state where there is insufficient, imbalanced or excessive consumption of food nutrients. An individual can develop various types of nutritional disorders. This will depend on what kind of nutrients lack in their bodies or have been consumed in excess.
Malnutrition is estimated to contribute to more than one third of all child deaths and more than 50% of childhood mortality in children under 5 years old although it is rarely listed as the direct cause(1). Malnutrition is a broad term commonly used to indicate under nutrition but technically it also refers to over nutrition. The basic causes of malnutrition include formal and informal institutions: political, economic and ideological structure and system. Health service availability with other causes like infection particularly frequent or persistent diarrhoea, pneumonia, measles and malaria that undermine child's nutritional status and play important role in increased incidence of malnutrition. According to United Nations Children’s Fund
The disease and how it affects people Malnutrition essentially means “bad nourishment”. It concerns not enough as well as too much food, the wrong types of food, and the body 's response to a wide range of infections that result in malabsorption of nutrients or the inability to use nutrients properly to maintain health. Clinically, malnutrition is characterized by inadequate or excess intake of protein, energy, and micronutrients such as vitamins, and the frequent infections and disorders that
Toddlers with iron deficiency are likely to have delays in socioemotional and neurophysiological development. The article Food insecurity and hunger: A review of the effects on children's health and behaviour asserts, " In addition, children in food-insecure households tend to have diets that are high in refined sugars and low in iron, which can have behavioural consequences including hyperkinesia, inattention and poor memory (8). ", which suggest that food-insecure children are likely to consume foods that affect their behavior. In the article Childhood Food Insecurity in the U.S.: Trends, Causes, and Policy Options, defines food insecurity as, "a situation that exists whenever the availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods or the ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways is limited or uncertain.” Having limited or no access to healthier foods, children are fed lower quality foods. Constantly consuming non-nutritious food can cause
Introduction Even as one of the richest countries in the world, childhood hunger affects millions of kids across the United States. We all know that we need food to survive, but it is crucial that a child has more than enough food to just survive. Children between 4-10 are learning the most basics and most important ideas in school and social life, and without proper nutrition, these children can fall behind. Due to poor federally funded programs, local cities and communities must come together to make sure no child goes hungry. Proper nutrition is important for growing children for a healthy mental, social, and physical life; however, some children do not have access to a proper nutrition.
The Continent with the highest amount of people suffering with malnutrition, relating to undernourishment, is Africa. Ethiopia and Nigeria are both third world countries, and are greatly suffering from malnutrition. Being undernourished is when your body doesn’t receive enough nutrients. Starvation is also a form of malnutrition; starvation is the main reason for malnutrition in third world countries. Poverty is thriving this these countries, which can lead to the high rate of malnutrition.
Treatment procedures for malnutrition have become slightly more effective in the past few years. Unfortunately, most patients, particularly those in rural regions, do not have access to these more developed treatments and may never have the chance to attend a proper health care setting. Malnutrition is not caused by a simple lack of food. Poverty, inequality, lack of education, climate and environmental changes are major factors that cause malnutrition… In sub-Saharan Africa, agriculture is crucial to equitable economic progress, and the future health and nutrition of Africans depend mostly on its development. Over 70% of Africans ' nourishment is made up of locally grown foods.
Good Health to Counter Poverty and Hunger Introduction to malnutrition and the current state of malnutrition in the Philippines Principally, malnutrition is a condition wherein the physiological functions of a person is damaged to the extent that the individual cannot be able to attain their expected bodily functions, particularly growth, resistance to illnesses, pregnancy, lactation and labor (Gillespie, S. & Mason, J. ,1991). The associated cause to the deterioration of bodily functions is the delayed initiation of breast feeding, food insecurity, contaminated water sources, and urbanization of health systems (Chaparro, C.,Oot, L.,& Sethuraman, K. ,2014) Moreover, one of the major precursors of malnutrition in a developing country like the Philippines is the lack of proper distribution of nutritionally adequate food. Since, the most affected individuals namely: infants, pre-school aged children, pregnant and nursing mothers, and the sick are greatly prone to malnutrition; they should be able to receive proper nutrition in order for them to contribute to the nation. Seeing that nutrition is a continuous process. If the fact is accepted it goes without saying that at no age can the