Malnutrition In Mozambique

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USING CLEAN ENERGY TO COMBAT DROUGHTS IN MOZAMBIQUE, AFRICA

Salt Shakers

Team Members:
Oong Li Yin
Win Thu Aung
Tan Jun Hao

Team Leader:
Miss Wong Li Lan

School:
National Junior College

Abstract
200-250 words

Introduction
Mozambique
Mozambique is situated on South-Eastern African coast, occupying the area of 787 608 km2 . It has a population of 21 million people of which 14.9 million (71%) are still living in the rural areas (Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), 2000). According to the UNDP 2014 Human Development Index, Mozambique was ranked 178 out of 187 countries. It has a population of 24.5 million people and an average life expectancy of only 50 years. One third of the population is chronically food-insecure,
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The economic implications may be short-term or long-term. For instance, reduced lean body mass and fatigue can limit productivity, especially in developing countries where manual labour is required. The high fatality rate associated with malnutrition reduces the working age population. Reduction of malnutrition by half by 2025 may generate annual savings of up to $376 million in African countries.
Furthermore, the World Food Programme calculates that US$3.2 billion of monetary aid is required to reach all 66 million of hungry children worldwide.

Political
Malnutrition proves to be a dire problem faced by governments of developing countries. Respective governments have to focus on resource distribution and policies to alleviate malnutrition. Tensions brought by food insecurity may give rise to political instability.

Malnutrition in Africa
According to the World Resources Institute, Africa is the continent most highly reliant on agriculture. Sub-Saharan Africa is the region with the highest prevalence of hunger, where one in four persons there are
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This was inferred from the fact that agricultural sector contributes in average 21% of total African Gross Domestic Product (GDP) with a ranging from 10 to 70% between African countries (Christensen et al., 2007). Although this range is relatively wide, it is considered relatively high as compared to developed countries (which varies from 0.5 to 3%). As stated by Usman and Reason (2004), the agricultural sector is vulnerable to change in climate. Hence, it is vital to secure and improve agricultural activities in Africa by adpating to different

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