Hurricanes can destroy homes and cities, even obliterating entire countries. It destroys our habitat but what does it do to affect the habitat of every other animal on earth? Hurricanes can mix saltwater with freshwater causing animals in the water to die because they aren’t adapted to living in the different type of water. Floodwater can also retreat into lakes, bringing in more toxins and killing off the remaining animals still in the water and all the animals that dare to drink the toxic water. Sediment erosion can affect coral reefs and oyster beds causing even more deaths.
Pollution causes the ocean not to function properly and oxygen levels can and will diminish. The ocean is also home to medicines that treat heart disease, cancer, and more. The plants or animals that give us these medicines are endangered as long as marine pollution exists. The remedies can be lost causing more people to die because of the lost medicines. Without our oceans technologies and other necessities will simplify and go back to the way they were centuries
While researching about how pollution affects sea turtles, we faced some issues on finding different types of pollution. As most people know, the plastic waste that is being dumped into the oceans and onto the beaches is becoming a main food source for sea turtles. When sea turtles see this trash, they consume the plastic causing death or severe sickness which has caused this species to become endangered. They also get tangled with the plastic in the ocean restricting them from normal movement and function. During our research, we found that there are more types of pollution affecting sea turtles than just plastic waste in the ocean.
Eversince the invasion of Zebra mussels in 1988 the ecosystem of The Great Lakes suffered negative impacts from decrease of plankton to spending big numbers every year to try to remove them from the ecosystem. But little do people know they also help brought Lake erie (one of the 5 great lakes) back to life, during the 1970s Lake Erie was declared dead since massive amounts of pollution were dumped into the Lake from agriculture industry. The pollution caused the Lake to have less oxygen which caused some parts of the lakes to be a dead zone. Overall this can be concluded to have negative impact to the ecosystem of the Great Lakes, but there are some positive impacts too. The primary objective should be to remove the Zebra mussels from the great lakes even though the had positive impacts, the zebra mussels don’t belong in this ecosystem.
Springer considers that predators’ populations are decreasing because of oil poisoning, therefore prey populations are rising (https://phy.org). If predators are all dying from oil, their prey will not have anything to eat them, causing their populations to increase. Biomagnification can also cause those issues. Biomagnification (where an animal eats another animal with oil in/on it and then the oil basically gets more dangerous inside the animal) is also messing up food chains when an animals eats something like a fish. Bardoff also declared, “Oil can be easily absorbed by a fish’s fatty tissues, causing biomagnification of the pollutant to the next predator,” (http://www.onegreenplanet.org).
These plants sometimes look red due to their photosynthetic pigments. Now they may not seem harmful, but they are a huge threat to fish and humans. The reason they are a threat to fish is because the algae irritates the fish’s gills, eventually suffocating them. The reason they are harmful to humans is because they cause millions of dollars of damage because of they have to clean up a massive amount of dead fish, beaches have to be closed to the problem is resolved, fisheries and shell fisheries are closed to harvesting. Unfortunately, people also have to go to the hospital to get the bio toxins removed because they ate this specific
They only reach reproductive age as late as 12-15 years, and combined with the fast pace they are disappearing they are not able to recover the population. As of now 74 shark species are listed as threathened, and 11 of them are critically endendegerd, on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List. 3.
The life of your plastic water bottle can go way further than just the trash can. Our ocean is so polluted by our actions and carelessness that even us humans are being affected, sea animals, and surrounding animals are all being greatly influenced by the polluted waters. Our ocean is extremely polluted with plastics and other trash that humans have put in there. Specifically, 80% of the pollution that’s in the ocean, is because of us. According to “The Oceans Are Drowning in Plastic - And No One is Paying Attention,” Jenna Jambeck said that if something is not done, the plastic in the ocean will double by 2025.
This is also an organizational problem which highly escalated the spill because if exxon had thought ahead and had a good plan, in the case of an oil spill, they would have been able to maintain the spill better no resulting in so much damage. The oil spill effected the whole nation, but mostly the people in Alaska. All aspects of Alaskan life were shaken, including economic, cultural and social. Alaska is known for its great quality and quantity of fish.
These threats sometimes occurs naturally, however the most significant reason of this damage is human. People cause lots of issues while they are using or even sailing around this entrancing region. One of these issues is over fishing that may disrupt the food chain in the reef. Fishing unconsciously, has an impact on marine life due to using forbidden fishing method, trawling, and to left its trashes such as anchors and nets. In addition to trawling, hunting endangered species is another cause of this threat.
As humans expand they are producing more waste and need a place for it to go. In some countries, people just pump the waste into the water, as a result it is harming the manatees. The waste that humans are pumping into the ocean is causing toxic algae which the manatee eats and it makes the sick or could kill them. The waste from humans hurts the manatee also by
Overfishing is certainly an environmental issue because it affects the planets ecosystem due to human interference. One example of this is when a marine species is exploited, other species are also affected directly. According to the article, ‘Global Consequences of Overfishing’ states that, “...recent studies suggest that overfishing of large shark species has had a ripple effect in the shark 's food chain, increasing the number of species, such as rays, that are usual prey for large sharks, which result in declining stocks of smaller fish and shellfish favored by these species” It is also important to mention that overfishing often leads to the killing of other animals unintentionally. This is called bycatching. Some marine species that are affected by bycatching are juvenile fish, bottom feeding organisms, sharks, whales, sea turtles, and birds.
You all have been hearing don’t pollute your whole life, but it still happens. Pollution is a huge problem especially in the ocean, the ocean plays a vital role to our survival and with all polluting it, it causes problems for us in the long run. Pollution causes a lot of damage to the ecosystems that live in the ocean and the ocean itself. When the oil spill happened in the Gulf of Mexico that was a bad disaster, that was man made that hurt an ecosystem in ocean. All that oil spread throughout the ocean causing a lack of sunlight to penetrate through the water deep making it hard for plants to grow and or prosper.
Andy Dehart, Discovery Channel Shark Advisor, spoke about the North Carolina shark over fishing problem. The shark populations on the East Coast were extremely over-fished which lead to the over population of sting rays, a main food-stock for sharks. The stingrays in turn decimated the shellfish populations on the East Coast, leading to calm and shellfish shortages. This shows that sharks are necessary for every eco-system and their destruction affects us in more ways then we can imagine. Sharks are very at-risk for over-fishing because they take a long time to reach the stage where they can reproduce and in general only have a few pups when they give birth.