The ancient Mayans, who lived in parts of present-day Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras, created one of the most complex and advanced civilizations in the Western Hemisphere. The Mayans accomplished many remarkable and influential achievements, most notably, in art, astronomy, and engineering. The achievements of the Mayans influenced the cultures around them and are still influential today. The Mayans created amazingly sophisticated works of art. The art of the Mayans has been called the richest in the New World because of the great complexity of the patterns and variety of the media used.
The Maya civilization includes advances in learning and the arts. One of the cultural achievements are the well known towering temples and palaces made of stone. These temples, rested on pyramid-shaped platforms, are precious to the Maya as priests would perform rites and sacrifices to their gods at the top. The stone temples are also used for burials of priests, nobles, and rulers. The stone palaces are used for meetings, governmental activities, or royal residences.
Art and Craftsmen took part as well in all the Mayas, the Aztecs, and the Incas. “[The Aztecs] wove cotton cloth, made pottery, carved in stone and other materials, made musical instruments and elaborate costumes of feathers.” Maldonado (4) They were very talented in achieving masterpieces of art. The Incas built cities out of stone, they also wove woolen cloth impressively, they made pottery as well as the Aztecs, yet they also made exquisite jewelry. Patel (4). The Maya artists produced materials to make things with, such as “goods made of cotton, feathers, clay, wood, and precious metals and stones.” Hopkins (5).
The Mayans, Incas, and Aztecs are all ancient civilizations. They have evolved and helped create what our society is today. They were all similar in some way which connects them. However, they have unique qualities that help them be remembered today. The Mayan worshipped a broad array of deities the Mayan religion was characterized by the worship of nature gods.
The Mayans were another major civilizations that worshipped several gods.The Mayans obtained a great number of cultural and religious characteristics. The mayans located in what is now known in modern days as Yucatan, Quintana Roo, Campeche, Tabasco, and Chiapas in mexico and southward through Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador and Honduras shows the article Mayan Civilization, by Joshua J. Mark, July 06,2012. The Mayans didn’t just occupied a vast amount of land but they also had great power and influencers around the sixth century A.D. The article of Mayan, by history, disputes that the Mayans were centered in one geographical block, this showed the Mayans remained secure by invasions by other mesoamerican villages or civilizations.
For living in a time period where there was not a lot of technological advances that would help them build what they wanted at a faster pace, they had to learn to work with what they had. They also had to learn how to work with materials to be able to make the magnificent and amazing temples, that they are known for. “ The general temple-pyramid consisted of a platform, a long, broad, steep double staircase going up the center, with balustrades going up the sides of the steps. The Aztecs used sculpted stone blocks and skulls to decorate the platform and the ends of the balustrades” (General Construction of Pyramid-Temples). The Aztecs used and made platforms and tools that would help them make their temples better and better each time.
The Mayan ball game is believed to be one of the oldest sports in the world. The sport was played throughout the entire Mesoamerican region and had many names. The name that the Mayans gave it was Pok-A-tok. The Mayans not only played this ball game for entertainment but it served as a big role in their very own culture as well. The time period is unknown when the game came out but it is estimated to have been around since 2000 B.C.E.
Creation stories have profound effects on humans. Mesopotamia’s “The Gilgamesh Epic”, Egypt’s “Hymn to the Nile-Documents”, and Mesoamerica’s Mayan and Aztec creation stories demonstrate significant relationships within society, whether that is between humans and nature or humans and the “god(s).” Mesopotamia was the first primordial, and an influential cradle of civilization with prominent relationships between humans and nature and humans and their gods. Discovered near the Tigris-Euphrates Rivers around the time of the Lower Paleolithic period (3,500-1,500 B.C.E. ), Mesopotamia was one of the most developed civilization of its time. However, how does “The Gilgamesh Epic” relate and impact Mesopotamian society between humans and nature and
The Maya civilisation was one of the most superior indigenous societies of Mesoamerica (a term used to describe Mexico and Central America before the 16th century Spanish conquest). It is believed that the Mayan peoples began to settle in the Yucatan area of what is now known as Mexico between 2600 BC and 1800 BC. Their religion was based on a pantheon of nature gods, including those of the Sun, the Moon, rain, and corn. A priestly class were responsible for an elaborate rotation of rituals and ceremonies. Their beliefs are formed on the idea that virtually everything in the world contains sacredness and life was seen as a recurrent cycle.