George W. Bush viewed Afghanistan and Iraq as unwinnable. Indeed, Afghanistan is the longest war in Ameri-ca’s history. Barack Obama further scaled back expectations, pointedly ruling out a World War II-like “victo-ry” (a word he feels uncomfortable using). We have reached a new normal: clouding our daily lives is the per-sistent threat of jihadist attacks. And, for fear of incurring the wrath of Islamists, many newspapers, magazines, and publishing houses (such as Yale University Press and Random House) engage in self-censorship.
After a terrorist attack of any kind there are always consequences that must be faced. Sometimes the point of the terrorist attacks is because the organization wished to send a message or to influence policy in their favor. However, after the 9/11 attacks administrators realized that the United States was not prepared for a tragedy of this kind and had little to no measures to prevent one, this lead them to create new programs and policies. Terrorist organization’s goal often comes down to one of the following: regime change, territorial change, policy change, social control and status quo maintenance. The main purpose of a terror attack may well be to influence public policy.
We have shown that some of these parts are accepted by most Muslims (War on terror as a War on Islam) and some parts are rejected by most Muslims (attacking civilians). Yet even the accepted part, that there is supposedly a war on Islam going on, represents only a single mechanism of radicalization ? group grievance. A completely effective attack on this grievance would yet leave eleven other mechanisms of radicalization in play. We conclude tentatively that even eliminating the perception of a War on Islam may not have, at least in the short term, a large effect on the rate of
In our project we will be analyzing the media’s rhetoric of the “war on terror” and the word terrorism. We will also be examining how this rhetoric forms our perception of the word terrorist. Our goals are to explore different aspects in the rhetoric surrounding terrorism and their effects on the viewer 's perception. We will focus on three different topics and each group member will be tasked with mastering one. The first topic will focus on the use of the term terrorist in reference to select individuals.
The world today is facing a crisis and there seems to be no resolution in sight. The war on terrorism has been going on for many, many years and it appears as if the leaders of the world are baffled as to stop it or if nothing else, control it. Many scholars have a difficult time attempting to define a good definition for the word terrorism. Many believe it is a difficult word to define because there are so many interruptions to the word. It will depend on what part of the country one is in, but for the universal approach to the definition many believe terrorism is “the use of violence and threats to intimidate or coerce esp for political purposes” (Dyson, 2012, p. 19).
Two theories that probably relate the best are the interactionist and the conflict theorist. The interactionist is primarily concerned with fundamental or everyday forms of interaction, including symbols and other types of nonverbal communication. One of the main assumptions of the interactionists, which directly relates to this article, is that we act according to our own interpretation of reality. The people and domestic terrorist groups described in this article all act the way they do because their interpretation of reality is to wipe out e.g. the government, or other groups of people. They are manipulating symbols and are creating their social worlds through interaction with other group members.
The term terrorism is inextricably intertwined with the notion of foreign actors unleashing widespread disaster on American soil. This notion is not unfounded and carries a very real and very dangerous threat to the US. While the US must of course be constantly vigilant with regard to the threat of an attack emanating from a foreign land, the US must also consider an equally dangerous threat that lurks in our own backyard: the domestic terrorist. Make no mistake, the use of the word domestic should by no means diminish, and should in no way normalize the malevolency these groups perpetuate. One is tempted to limit one’s thinking regarding domestic terrorism to the latest news story and how that may affect the US in the here and now.
Ganor agrees with this idea in that any state can currently define what terrorism actually is according to their perspective and worldview, although he disagrees that they should subjectively be able to define the word in the first place (292). Throughout the piece, Ganor stresses the importance of an international definition of “terrorism” being accepted as many factions can abuse the current ambiguous definition of the word. This ambiguity allows any state to decide and define what violent acts can fall under the category of being committed by a “terrorist” or a “freedom fighter”. If a singular worldwide definition of the word “terrorism” is adopted, many different issues can be resolved such as countries and organizations being held responsible for carrying out terrorist attacks (Ganor 289). Under the current national law, “organizations are not specifically prohibited from perpetrating actions that are considered illegal and abhorrent when carried out by sovereign states” (Ganor 289).
Some challenges such as Terrorist networks today are more dispersed and less centralized. They are more reliant on smaller cells inspired by a common ideology and less directed by a central command structure. In addition, Internet and media has enabled our terrorist enemies to communicate, recruit, train, rally support, proselytize, and spread their propaganda without risking personal contact. Our effective counterterrorist efforts, in part, have forced the terrorists to evolve and modify their ways of doing business. Our understanding of the enemy has evolved as well.
Terrorism has grown to become an important term during the past 40 years and this has been linked to certain groups using terrorism strategies to create chaos and mayhem among governments and the public. But terrorism has grown to develop different meanings among different people and even within government departments (Meisels). The severity and strategies of terrorisms have also changed in recent times with certain groups causing terror in public while others fighting certain groups and individuals and claiming it to be the fight for freedom. Over time terrorism has developed several meanings and each community has come to understand terrorism with a different meaning.
“Between 2002 and 2005, twenty-four terrorist incidents occurred in the United States. Of these, domestic terrorists conducted twenty-three. ”(Domestic Terrorism, Gale) Americans always try to pin the blame of terrorism on extremist groups in other countries, but that is unfortunately not the true case. A man by the name of “Andrew Joseph Stack, flew his small, single-engine plane into an office building that housed several federal government agencies in Austin, Texas.”
The progression of technology has changed the face of terrorism. By examining the improved skills of terrorists and governments brought about through technology, this report will examine the impact of technology on terrorism. On the thirteenth of November 2015, a chain of terrorist attacks befell in Paris, the capital of France, and its northern suburb, Saint-Denis. Three suicide bombers struck near the Stade de France in Saint-Denis, trailed by suicide bombings and mass shootings at cafés, restaurants and a music venue in Paris. The assailants murdered 130 people.
One of these trends comprises the dissemination of religious radicalization as evidenced by jihadist organizations such as ISIL (ISIS) and Al Qaeda, identified as micro-actors. Another trend in terrorism involves sophistication such as the exploitation of international interchange of information, ideas, and finance towards their benefit. Thirdly, there is evidence of an increasing overlap amid international crime and terrorist activity. The 1996 Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act (AEDPA) has been responsible for deterring terrorism as well as the provision of justice for persons affected by the respective
With computer technologies and the internet has connected the world together with the ability to communicate with people in different countries. As a society, we have become very dependent on computers and when the systems go down we cannot function as well, businesses cannot conduct their business. With the internet connecting the world together, it gives concerns for cyber-terrorism and cyber-attacks. Cyberterrorism is when a group attacks a target with intention of causing harm and further political, social, religious, or other goals. Cyber-attacks are attacks on a target system carried about by different people and may not be associated with a terrorist group.
What happens in a terrorist attack affects many people in the world. The aftermath of an attack is what has the largest impact on people’s lives. However, terrorism does not have the same effect on everyone. The threat is not taken as seriously by some people. Some might think that it is an empty threat, but others might think it is a serious threat.