Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION: Medium of instruction is the way through which information is exchanged among individuals. Language plays a pivotal role in conveying instruction to all level. For better understanding and transferring information that language is preferred which is easily understandable for the specific audience. For better communication a person should have command on medium of instruction used in his area. Learning process keenly include expertise on the certain medium of instruction to communicate and study properly.
The first thing you must know is the language. The national language of Pakistan is called “Urdu”. Some people are able to speak English, but most of them can’t speak English. So you better know some words in Urdu such as ‘Pani (water)’, ‘Khaanaa (Food)’, ‘Shukria (Thank you)’, etc. The next thing you must know in order to survive in Pakistan is the currency.
The first thing you must know is the language. The national language of Pakistan is called “Urdu”. Some people are able to speak English, but most of them can’t speak English. So you better know some words in Urdu such as “Pani (water)”, “Khaanaa (Food)”, “Shukria (Thank you)”, etc. The next thing you must know in order to survive in Pakistan is the currency.
Most organizations and agencies are trying to reduce the negative impact of English language as well as its usage, however, they do not get the desired result. According to Suzanne Romaine, agreements and treaties accepted by international agencies recommending the use of minority languages in education usually lack power to reinforce them (Romaine, 2002). English is a language that is forced on other parts of the world by the West for different reasons. Such as the U.S. and other countries are using different means to promote their language all over the world. This has many direct and indirect negative effects on people of other countries.
The proper use and manipulation of the English language, a skill so difficult to learn, reaps a great deal of power when mastered. As hyperbolic as it sounds, being able to use and manipulate the English language properly into our writing and speaking can be very influential in advocating ideas towards a community. “As a speaker, you have some influence on the extent to which others see you as having authority” (Fontaine and Smith 13). To gain authority over an audience, one must write and speak with confidence and be skilled enough to use proper English: that is, following the standard rules of grammar, incorporating complex sentences and a wide range of vocabulary. In addition, the manipulation of the English language in writing and speaking, with as the use of figurative language and compositional techniques, makes the writing more persuasive and impactful.
Learning a second language will theoretically require the learner to adapt his/her values and behavior (Jund, 2010). This implies that there is a strong connection between the language and culture and that it is represented in the culture of the speakers. It incorporates aspects such as beliefs, values and needs. The sociolinguistic aspect of communication refers to the attributes of speech, which rely on social, pragmatic, and cultural elements (Cakir, 2006, p.158). This is noteworthy, as language and interaction might depend on the social status of the speaker or hearer, and on social factors.
This acts as a form of encouragement towards their education. Language and Communication The medium of teaching, especially in South Africa can impact effective learning greatly as many pupils aren’t taught in their first language. This not only places the learner at a disadvantage but leads to linguistic difficulties that contributes to learning breakdown. Educators also find it difficult to develop appropriate support mechanisms that would assist learners who struggle with the language barrier. Learners automatically aren’t interested in any subject material that you communicate to them if they do not understand the properly the medium in which one delivers the content.
If a teacher teaches in an easy and accepted way which meet all the needs of learning then learning happens quickly. A teacher’s role increases more in the second language teaching classes. He becomes an actor in the teaching class to better represent that language as is used in its real society. So, it is necessary for a second language teacher to adopt his personality, attitude and views to suit to the condition of second language teaching class. A language teacher uses strategies, techniques, methodologies and style which are equally helpful for the teaching purposes and help to make second language learning possible.
In the contemporary time of language teaching, diverse innovations are brought in the field of ELT to come out from the conventional teaching approaches. At the present time, inclination is more towards communicative language teaching than traditional grammar teaching. Now the inevitability of learning new language has become a communicative need. People study another language after their mother tongue for retaining communication with the people of other society speaking a different language. As a result language is learnt as a means of communication, not as a subject.