Every tomb has two essential architectural components that reflected their religious function, a burial chamber and a close mortuary chapel. Terracotta funerary cones were inscribed with the owner’s name and put above the entrance to the tomb. Tombs were filled with a artwork and objects that the owner wanted to bring with them to their afterlife. In most tombs they put Egyptian artwork in them because tomb art was considered sacred and magical. It was supposed to tame the evil forces in the universe.
Both of the stories also have included a river setting where both Sargon and Moses were sent down in a basket which is important to note because in both Mesopotamia and Egypt, the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers and the Nile, respectively, were important in sustaining civilization in both places. In addition, adoption also occurs in both of the stories, but Moses was adopted by royalty, whereas Sargon was adopted by a royal gardener. While both texts are quite similar in its storyline as a result of cultural diffusion, it’s still clear that both texts have different purposes to suit the different civilizations these texts were written
India is one of the first established civilizations in the world. Dating back from over 75,000 years ago, it started to create its own history from the first human beings on earth. Based in the Indus Valley(Harappan) Region, the first inhabitants developed essential skills they would later use for trade like handicrafts, metallurgy, and building. They also made agriculture their way of life because of the prosperous Indus River located in the heart of India. Historical timeline for this incredible civilization started early, they were able to establish themselves well before their first encounter with the Aryans(1500 B.C.).
The Ancient Egyptians held several practices and beliefs that influenced the way that they lived their lives. The three main practices and beliefs held by the Egyptian people include their believe in heka or magic which influence their view on how the world was created. The second belief that they held was the belief in worshiping gods in cult temples and deceased pharaohs in mortuary temples. The final practice that was important to the Egyptian people was the funeral process that they practiced. Ancient Egyptian Practices and Beliefs Ancient Egyptian culture was comprised of numerous, rich practices and beliefs.
Agriculture was the beginning of the Olmec era. By 4000 BCE, the Olmecs had a staple crop of maize, and agricultural cities began springing up by 3000 BCE. The towns/villages were built in an area of abundant rain, and the Olmecs were also able to construct elaborate drainage systems. As a result of agriculture cities along this area began
Alongside the Carnegie Institution and Mexican government, he worked to consolidate many of the structures that were still standing. By the 1920s Chichen Itzá had been featured in two National Geographic articles written by Morley who had also conducted his own research of the site in hopes to generate international awareness for Chichen Itzá and its residents, so it could be restored to its previous glory. Following the Harvard University Peabody Museum’s instillation of artifacts excavated from the Cenote Sagrada, also known as the Sacred Well, the artistic traditions of Chichen Itzá was brought to a modern and foreign audience. The exhibit promoted the site as a hot tourism location for the western elite. Due to Chichen Itzá’s new international tourism status, Mexican president Porfirio Díaz called for the development of new infrastructure in order to rebrand the area.
In early mesopotamia, their culture had many characteristics that made the early societies really “work.” Their codes and rules were based off certain things that can tell you a lot about their culture and how they governed the place. Mesopotamia was the first place to house civilization in around 1800 BCE. There were two civilizations that had stayed in mesopotamia, the Akkadians from 1800 BCE, and the sumerians from around 2200 BCE. Both civilizations lived at different times but had very similar cultures. For example, family was very important to the early mesopotamians.
The team was thrilled to confirm not only the identity of the ancient culture existing on the island, but that the site specifically related to the story, because the ruins were of Knossos, the palace-city housing the labyrinth. After confirming that this was the palace of the legendary King Minos, Sir Arthur Evans named the civilization the “Minoans” in reference to the king. Further investigation of Knossos led the archeologists to discover that the Minoan culture boasted the presence of writing. In fact, the Minoans possessed the first instance of “Linear A” script in the world, found on clay tablets in the ruins of the palace store rooms. Most likely used exclusively for record keeping, the very existence of this script is significant because it was a missing link between the hieroglyphic language and Greek.
The Sacred Center was separated from the Royal Center and the Urban Core by a large valley that was cultivated using a complex system of irrigation canals that was maintained by the government of the city to ensure proper food supply even in case of a siege. This valley is aptly called the Irrigated valley. To this day this area is cultivated using many of the old canals and waterway using many traditional forms of maintenance with regards to the canals and the waterways. The knowledge of these traditional techniques are passed down through the generations becoming part of the communal memory of the people of this area. This system of division of the city was established by archaeologists while excavating the ruins at Hampi and is based on the concentration of types of structures found.
The first water filters that were used for domestic water treatment were made in the 1700s. They were made of wool, sponge and charcoal .In 1804 Robert Thom designed the first water treatment plant. In 1854 John Snow used chlorine to purify water after the outbreak of the cholera epidemic. The water treatment process was being improved and by the 1890s, America began building large and fat sand filters which worked much better when combined with sand filtration and coagulation techniques. From 1970 concerns shifted form diseases caused by micro-organisms in water to pesticides residues and industrial sludge and organic