Radiation therapy is not necessarily better than chemotherapy or surgery, as it has both benefits and risks. Instead, choosing the right treatment depends on the case of each individual patient. Chemotherapy, which utilizes drugs delivered to the entire body, prevents the cancer cells from spreading. On the other hand, surgery and radiation therapy target one specific area. Often times, patients will undergo chemotherapy or radiation therapy to shrink the tumor before getting surgery to remove it entirely.
Understand that early detection saves life. As we all know that how rapidly increasing the incidence of cancer and side by side morbidity and mortality due to cancer, despite a lot of advancement in diagnosis and its treatment. Presently, cancer is second leading cause of death after cardiac disease. The only way to save life from cancer, is early detection and early treatment.
There will be tests so that the doctor will be able to know the source of your anemia. Some of these tests are blood chemistry test, reticulocyte count which is a kind of blood test, another blood test to see your iron levels, bone marrow test, and fecal occult blood test. Your doctor may use the outcomes of these tests, along with your physical exam and medical information, to be able to have a knowledge about the cause of your anemia.
4.1) HEALTH PROBLEMS: 4.1.1) Heart Diseases The cause of the heart diseases can came from many factors. Sometimes the danger factor is family history. Those with parents or close relatives with heart disease are more likely to develop it themselves.
Also, there has been evidence that shows that family caregiver interaction with physicians is significantly higher than that of the patient (Fortinsky, 2001). Furthermore, family member experience lots of changes when a family member is diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease (Välimäki et al.,2012). There are also changes in intimate relationship changes (Fortune & Reid, 1998). Limitations of these studies A limitation of most of these studies is that self-reports for each individual with their ability to recall information accurately can vary. Some of these studies had little representative samples so can’t generalize findings.
There is another operation that only a few people use called the Radical perineal prostatectomy. This is similar to the Radical Prostatectomy except that the incision in the skin is made between the anus and scrotum. One other form of surgery is Cryosurgery. Cryosurgery is used to help cure early stage cancer, by freezing it. With this, several needles are placed through the skin between the anus and scrotum.
In conclusion, Epigenetics is a double edged sword. It has both positive aspects that have helped the human population survive and grow but it has also has caused disease and unstable DNA. With this knowledge, Scientists are testing the possible of artificially modifying the epigenome through gene therapy. This can cure diseases such as cancer, diabetes and Alzheimer’s and creating a new human population that is able to adapt to various environmental
Some side effects are tolerated for the drugs therapeutic effect, for example hair loss is a well-known side effect of many chemotherapy drugs. Yet while it can be distressing for the cancer sufferer to lose their hair, it is also accepted and tolerated as a normal result of
B. There is no cure for haemophilia. However, with treatment a person with the condition can usually enjoy a good quality of life. In recent decades genetically engineered clotting factor medications have been developed to prevent and treat prolonged bleeding. These medications are given as an injection, the timing of which depends on how severe the condition is. Injections are usually only given in milder cases in response to prolonged bleeding, whereas more severe cases are treated with regular injections to prevent
Some studies showed that the infection rate of herpes zoster and the severity of the pain were relative with age, and old aged patients more common relapse herpes zoster due to low immunity and their treatment would be pain killer, tricyclic antidepressants and anti-viral drugs. In United States, frequency increased with time,Family history is a risk factor for herpes zoster has been described. This risk was higher in patients with multiple blood relatives with herpes zoster compared with those with a single blood relative with herpes zoster (10).
As of 2013, the number of people with MS was estimated to be over 2.3 million worldwide. ( atlas 2013) Most of the non-traumatic disabilities in young adults are caused by MS . It is considered that an interaction of genetic factors, environmental predisposition, and abnormal immune responses can be the chief causes of MS, But the exact etiology of MS is still in question . MS has been greatly studied within the recent years, but a great number of clinical challenges still remain in regard to diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment.
Later stages of malignant melanoma can mean metastization to the lungs, liver, brain, and even bones. If the tumor has begun in the lymph nodes they will have to be removed surgically. In other areas, the tumor may not be able to be removed and will have to be treated with radiotherapy or chemotherapy. Many different factors play into the cure and survival rate for malignant melanoma. The thickness of the tumor, how early in its development it’s caught, where it is located, even gender (women have a higher survival rate), all play a role in survival of a malignant melanoma.
Through this they can tell if drugs and therapy will be safe or even effective on people since there are many different types. The way that some people can tell if they have lupus is if they have “sensitivity to light, hair loss, chest pains, anemia, purple fingers, dizziness and even depression” lupusresearch.org. The different types of lupus include systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). “The word “systemic” means the disease can affect many parts of the body,” lupusresearch.org. The symptoms of SLE can range from moderate to grave.
Recently the plan of treatment for stage IV tumors has changed. Newer forms of targeted drugs and immunotherapy have proven to be more effective than chemotherapy. Immunotherapy drugs such as ipilimumab, pembrolizumab, and nivolumab have been shown to help some people suffering from advanced forms of melanoma live longer, although, some of these drugs have severe side