In California Hispanic gangs began forming in 1920. This started with groups of people looking to be unified with each other. The gang member were “usually the age of 14 to 20” (Rodriguez 5). The crimes that they usually did was burglary, robbery, and vandalism. Hispanic gangs were created to protect wherever the people in the gang came from.
Introduction Juvenile delinquency due to gang relation has increased drastically. Many people fail to realize that gangs have a considerable influence on the decisions juveniles are making. Adolescents are easily influenced by the members of the gangs and manipulated to commit certain crimes. As juveniles they are not mentally and emotionally mature to make such critical decisions, which in turn allow gang members to manipulate and control the youth they recruit. Juveniles become a part of gangs for several reasons, including, gaining protection, governmental, and social issues.
Gangs are responsible for an average of 48 percent of violent crime in most jurisdictions, and up to 90 percent in others, according to the 2011 National Gang Threat Assessment. Perhaps one of the most notorious street gangs in the western hemisphere is The Mara Salvatrucha also known as MS 13. “Mara” is Salvadorian for “Group”, although there is debate over the origin and meaning, it is commonly known to mean “street smart. MS 13 was formed on the streets of Los Angeles in the 1980’s by immigrants. “Mara Salvatrucha Stoners” is what MS 13 was originally called, they emphasized on partying, friendship and protecting one another from other gangs in L.A.
They also became popular by their sheer secrecy and extremely violent crimes that became well known throughout the nation. The mafia was eventually weakened by the government and although the power of the mafia is no longer as great as it once was the mafia still operates in the United States to this day. The way the mafia was formed was that during the 1880’s there was a surge of Italian immigrants that went from 20,000 to 250,000 and in 1910 it even jumped to 500,000. Most people followed the laws but groups and gangs did start to form. In the late 1920’s however there was a war between two families of the mafia.
Since the beginning of time there have always been clicks and groups that were made up of people who had the same goals in mind or same interests. However, nowadays gangs consist mostly of people who commit the same type of crimes together that involve drug charges or murders. Gangs noticeably started getting their “bad image” beginning with a man named Al Capone. The rebellion started with the prohibition era. Al Capone was the most powerful gangster in Chicago during this era.
There is a lot of Mexican Gangs is in United States prisons. For example Mexican Mafia, Latin Kings, Hermanos de Pistoleros Latinos, Partido Revolucionario Mexicano, Raza Unida etc… The Mexican Mafia is the top #1 Mexican Prison Gang, it started in the streets in california and escalated to the prisons. Mexican Mafia is also known as “La Eme” They would usually join the gang so that they could be protected from other gangs that were racist toward hispanics. La Eme was established in 1957 by Luis Flores also known as “Huero Buff”. The Mexican Mafia grew fairly quickly in DVI.
White gangs, specifically white prison gangs, emerged in the United States around the 1950’s. It wasn’t until the Aryan Brotherhood who originated in California in the 1960’s was the first group who combined gang activities with white supremacy. Since in the 1960’s and 1980’s some prisons were still racially segregated, which helped keep the violence with in the prisons low; once desegregation of the prisons took place the violence in the prisons rose. At the same time in the 1980’s several white prison gangs were created. This includes the Aryan Brotherhood of Texan, the Aryan Circle, the Aryan Warriors, the Ohio Aryan Brotherhood, and many others (Anti-Defamation League 2016:18).
The Mexican Mafia known as the EME, was the first Hispanic organized criminal gang within the prison. It was primarily made up of Mexican American males, they formed in order to protect themselves from other prison gangs at the time. They were typically male,
This gang formed in retaliation of the oppression by the Mexican Mafia. All members must Hispanic. The La Nuestra Familia is known for the drug dealing and sex trade in prisons. On the outside, they are contract killers and have various smuggling operations. The process to become part of the gang is extensive and takes about two years to show your loyalty.
“Society thinks we are monsters.” Mr. Antunez said at the beginning of the article Shuttling Between Nations, Latino Gangs Confound the Law. The following paper is going to take a close look at several aspects of Latino gangs and their effects on culture. The taboos and deviant acts that are committed by both groups. Actions the dominant culture has done to enforce the rules of society and, more closely, ways that the dominant culture has been deviant.
Gang violence has been a problem in society for several of years and is a growing problem each and every day. The youth that is involved in gang violence will have numerous effects upon them that will come soon or later when associated with a group of thugs. Children and teenagers if they still go to school when accompanying a gang, they face the heightened risk of dropping out of school; teen parenthood; be victimized by another gang ; abuse drugs and alcohol; commit petty and violent
Gang activities have been increasing over the years from crimes ranging from robberies to homicides. In California, estimates were made by the Justice Department that approximately 175000 to 200000 persons were members of gangs. In the county of Los Angeles gang activities for over a period of five years accounted for over 23000 of the crimes that occurred.(Friedrichs. M. 1999). Gangs have become not only a problem for those communities where the gang's ar located but has become a problem for everyone.
Even though some members face incarceration the street culture is most often transferred into the prison system and gang operations continue which often results in hits being called on people from within the prison walls. Although a major concern of residents is the more organized and violent gangs, the start-up gangs also instill fear in residents when troublesome behaviors involve intimidation, vandalism, graffiti, and occasional drug sales (Weisel, 2002,
Throughout the 17th-century gangs have been causing havoc in people's life and destroying the society. The National Institute of Justice (2011) has defined a gang as "A group of collective members which create an atmosphere of intimidation among citizens. " Many of these gangs are well organized, using different forms of violence to control neighbourhoods and to conduct their illegal activities. The National Gang Threat Assessment (2011) reports that “Gangs are responsible for an average of 48 percent of violent crime in most jurisdictions.” Street Gangs have caused incidences of violence that is confined in the inner city of many countries.