During this time, China was ruled by people whose main concern was war. They fought using horse-drawn chariots. Chariots are thought to have been introduced in China by neighboring civilizations. The king was in charge of the bureaucracy and a large army. The Chinese began the idea of veneration of ancestors at this time by sacrificing humans at the time of a king’s death.
China began to remove any essence of the Mongols and bring back beliefs and customs from China's past. This included the rulers promoting the ancient ways of thinking and living under Confucianism. The Ming Dynasty also brought back the traditional civil service exam, which was improved by establishing a national school system, and reestablished the bureaucracy, which had fallen because the Mongols did not use it. Th Ming Dynasty also brought China's ancient ways back because the people of the empire responded well to the past customs and ideas.
Multiple different dynasties controlled the Chinese Empire in this time. The first dynasty, the Han Dynasty, had begun earlier starting in 206 BCE and during the CE time period falling in the year 220 CE. This dynasty was ruled primarily by Emperor Wu Ti, followed by his many successors including Emperor Xian of Han who was the last Emperor of the Han Dynasty. After the fall of the Han Dynasty came a
Taylor Burke Mrs.Schweighardt World History, Period 6 8 February 2023 In what ways did the Han Dynasty improve government and daily life in China? The Han Dynasty was one of the first Dynasties that brought back the idea of Confucianism into their government and ruling system. After many years of following Legalism, the Han Dynasty decided to Soften the harsh rules that the Quinn Dynasty left behind and introduce Confucianism which helped influence the people to have moral standards that they show to elders, friends, and family.
Throughout China’s long history, there have been eleven imperial dynasties that all affected China and the rest of the world in some way. However, one dynasty in particular had the most impact on both China and the world as a whole: the Song Dynasty. Part of China’s Golden Age, the Song Dynasty lasted nearly 320 years from 960-1279. The Song Dynasty helped unify China as it brought together the small states that came from the collapse of the preceding Tang Dynasty. During the Song Dynasty, China saw great technological advancement that also benefitted the entire world.
The era of the Han dynasty in China, simply referred to as ‘Han China,’ was an extremely prominent one, with power that almost rivaled the Romans themselves. During this period of China, achievements and accomplishments reached new heights as the Silk Road opened, which allowed connection with the western world. However, even with all this, Han China still fell, thanks to opposing forces in the form of nomadic tribes, several natural disasters that were interpreted as angry messages from the gods, and internal/political unrest. During the Han dynasty and the opening of the Silk Road, there were several aggressive, nomadic tribes that centered around the Asian area.
China, up until the Qin Dynasty, consisted of independent states controlled by kings fighting each other for land and power. This time period was called The Era of Warring States, which lasted two hundred years. After this time, the Qin Dynasty rose to power. They conquered all other dynasties, and established a centralized government, unifying China for the first time. The dynasty that succeeded the Qin, the Han, continued the centralized government and they started a westward expansion that would encourage trade and cultural diffusion.
Zhu Yuanzhang led a very strong and powerful army to take control of the Yuan Dynasty and they were successful. That led them to gain power. They consolidated by trading and it was even more beneficial to them since they were in Asia and near the water so it was easy for them to use boats to travel and trade. They also secured their borders from their enemies by building the Great Wall of China. They managed to maintain power by allowing everyone in the empire freedom of religion and fair rules and they had good economic income from trading.
When a descendant of Gaozu, Liu Xiu, took the thrown and created the Eastern Han, there started to be palace wars, where eunuchs slaughtered families to help the Emperor maintain control. This led to a minor breaking within the palace as well as the Yellow Turbans uprising. The reason that the Yellow Turbans started an uprising is that the Han leaders were influenced by the court eunuchs for their own gain. This furthermore forced many people to suffer from famine and poverty. When the rich and powerful landowners took advantage of this situation, they were able to gain a lot of fortune while the poor became poorer.
The Chinese Dynasties are some of the most well-known empires in history. The topic of this report is on the book, ‘When China Ruled the Seas: The Treasure Fleet of The Dragon Throne’ by Louise Levathes. This book was written to narrate the history of China’s gigantic treasure fleet and the policies and events that changed the Ming Dynasty and eventually reached a global influence. Unfortunately, this book also gives a plethora of historical tidbits which the author could’ve explained all at the beginning at the book so she didn’t have to constantly look back at another event for reference and explain why she bought it up.
This kept the people of China from ever considering to standing up to their ruler. Whereas the people of India were able to live more lenient lives. Until the death of the ruler Qin it remained this way. The next dynasty was The Glorious Han Dynasty. The ruler of this dynasty was of peasant origin and was not as harsh as his predecessor.
The loss of a great leader combined with a series of bad leaders lead to the weakening of the Yuan dynasty (“The Mongols”). The unrestricted trade the Asia once enjoyed decreased, accompanied by the ending of Mongolian peace (Fitzgerald 238). With peasant uprisings and revolts, the Mongols came crashing down, however, their impact on China was not one that was forgotten. First, Some Mongol practices were continued into the Ming dynasty, specifically the successful Yuan census (“Yuan Dynasty”). The Ming also inherited a huge and successful postal and transportation system.
Buddha’s Among Clouds Travel back in time to 1744 during the Qing dynasty, where a court artist named Ding Guanpeng created the painting Buddhas of the Three Generations. This painting was most likely a gift to the religious leaders of Tibet, followed by a series of other paintings. The emperor of the time was Emperor Qianlong and he supported Tibetan style Buddhism.
Key things that helped the Manchurian people take over Beijing was death and disaster from the Bubonic Plague, earthquakes, and climate changes. The Qing dynasty, just like the Ming, had issues from natural disasters such as floods and earthquakes. This caused their forces to be impacted and allowed for extended wars to take even more of their troops. In conclusion, The Ming and the Qing dynasties were the las two dynasties of China.
China’s Last Empire. The Great Qing. William T. Rowe. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2009. 360 pages including Emperors and Dynasties, Pronunciation Guide, Notes, Bibliography, Acknowledgements, Index, Maps and Figures.