Our preexisting mirror system had a new functionality called “Offline Brain System (OBS)” (Castillo, 2014). The emergence of the Offline Brain System (OBS) helped us understand language and other complex imitative abilities (Castillo, 2014). Through imitation, we learn from those around us. Through speech repetition, our brains acquire language quickly and automatically (Castillo, 2014). The mirror neuron hypothesis also believes autistic children have difficulty learning language because their mirror neurons are underdeveloped.
Given this, and knowing that people with autism suffer from being unable to understand people’s gestures, taking things in a literal way and having a lack of empathy, it is reasonable to hypothesize that there could be something wrong with this ‘mirror neuron’ reaction. Researchers have described people with autism as having a ‘broken mirror’, hence the ‘broken mirror hypothesis’. Some research has taken place into supporting this theory. Obviously it would be unethical to place an electrode into a human brain, so researchers have used other methods to record brain activity. One example is a research group at U.C.S.D who used an electroencephalogram (EEG) which measures brain waves.
So it can increase the ability of patient to regain the memory and telling precisely about what they are listening. Storytelling is like opening a window into the minds of the listeners. Stories provide a chance to experience a variety of emotions without the risk of those emotions themselves. For small children emotions like wonder or fear or courage can be tested out in their minds as they listen to a story. Adults may remember the feelings of emotions which can trigger memories or create resolve as a result of hearing stories.
Although the environment may have an effect on how morals are developed, research shows that morality I connected to our biology. In the early 1990’s, researchers found that neurons in the premotor cortex of macaque monkeys selectively fire when performing an action and observing the action executed by others (Pellegrino et al, 1992). The same researchers then began to investigate for evidence of a similar mirror-neuron network in humans. They found that just like in macaque monkeys when humans observe others performing an action such as running or picking up a ball, neurons in the brain allow an internal stimulation of that action in the brain. This meant that mirror neurons provided a representational space for actions that are performed
In society today, everyone is looking for their own euphoria. This causes them to only do the things they like and leaving behind thinking. Books are included in this because the more that people stop caring, the more distracted everyone gets by everything else. Sensation overrules thinking because people are provided new technology and easier ways of doing things. New technology has made people override their thinking because it is more interesting to younger people than using their brain.
A monkey represents honor, protection, and energy. I have honor when I listen to my parents when they tell me to do things. It is showing them respect. I protect people when I think the may be in harm. If a dodgeball was coming at someone’s face, I would block the dodgeball away with my hand so they would not get hurt.
Some cause you to feel specific emotions, like dopamine and serotonin which are “happy” chemicals causing feeling of pleasure and reward. If you don’t have enough serotonin, you feel sad and depressed. Some neurotransmitters help you learn, just like glutamate which is responsible for learning and memory. Others move your muscles by releasing the chemical acetylcholine or make you feel sleepy through the chemical
While everything to you sides seems like a blur, what is directly in front of you is clear as day. This adaptation of our brain to perceive what is truly important helped our ancestors survive, and is still vital to humans today. Some science on illusions is not about the survival of the human race though. Illusions are also just a helpful way to give us a window into how our neural circuits in our brain create an image of the world around us (Macknik). Illusions work alongside with our biases and previous experiences to create the visual stimulus of the world we see.
Likewise, the eye additionally has a non-visual reaction. Photosensitive cells in the eye are in charge of controlling non-visual signs got, including 'light temperature'. The body reacts to the hotter (blue) temperature of sunlight by discharging the "anxiety" hormone cortisol. Cortisol helps us to focus and sets us up for work, however an excess of cortisol discharge will abandon us depleted. Cooler (yellower) tones of light, for example, those of tungsten lights, or light reflected off warm pine, trigger the arrival of the "slumber" hormone melatonin, valuable for resting the brain and animating the creative ability.