This decision showed that even though African-Americans can vote, their vote was not always counted. This caused people to stand up and fight back for their rights that are stated in the 14th Amendment, and protected by the Equal Protection Clause. Eventually the state of Florida stopped going against the two contracts by not counting votes by making excuses that they are “bad votes.” The states started counting votes from other races, and still do today. No matter who won the election of 2000, Florida should have counted all of the properly submitted votes from the African-Americans. Not counting those votes goes against the 14th Amendment, which states that citizens of the United States shall not be deprived of their rights or of equal protection from the law.
The era of reconstruction came after the civil war. People still argue that the blacks were fully free or not. African Americans were not free during the civil war. This is one example of how african americans were not fully free during the era of reconstruction . African Americans were not allowed to be in the city limits of Opelousas or they will be charged a fine of five dollars and do two days in jail and then work on public street.
And not only blacks were segregated, but Mexicans and Chinese people. With Jim crows around from 1877 to the 1950s, people of color could not play games, eat with, or even go to school with white people. A black man could not even have a nurse that was white. But many movements changed these rules. For example Brown vs. Board of Education let people of color go to school with whites, which was a big step toward “equality”.
The door on the 1963 side of the cartoon had said “Alabama Public Schools, whites only”(1963-political cartoon). During segregation times between blacks and whites, schools forbid blacks from going to school with the whites. They were required to go to a separate school, just like how they had to ride on separate sections of trains and buses. This has evolved over time because today, students of every race and color go to school together with no more segregation. The second door in the cartoon represents 2011 and says “Alabama Public Schools, No Latinos”(2011-political cartoon).
The Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party was founded in 1963 to counter the Mississippi Democratic Party which only allowed participation by whites. The party was developed during the Freedom Summer Hamer and the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, of which Hamer was the vice-chair. In 1964, 40 percent of the population was black, yet they were not allowed to participate in the political system (Bramlett-Solomon 1991, 515). The party registered 60, 000 black voters in the state of Mississippi and after that effort party delegates were sent to the 1964 Democratic Convention. It was at this convention that they challenged the all-white presence and delegation at the Convention.
In the 1960s they decided to force black and whites to go to school together. Nearly all universities banned blacks from attending. Every white person could go to any university they wanted, but blacks were limited lowly about their education. The great depression made it worse. They felt they were no longer under Abraham Lincoln, but was now under Herbert Hoover.
Throughout the rest of the 19th Century following the end of the Civil War, blacks were faced with social, political, and economic limitations. Most, if not all, blacks were treated, basically, like dirt. Some of the social limitations included a lot of the racial slurs and names they were given and segregation. Blacks have been known to be called Negro above every other name such as “Colored”, “African”, and “Nigger.” Many times buildings or other places would be accessible to whites only but not blacks. Even the KKK would find some reason as to find and take blacks to be killed.
Since then only 9 other black people have served in the senate (Ibid). The Congress and the Senate are making laws that restrict black people’s rights. This situation is similar to when the GOP voted on reducing women’s reproductive rights. There were men voting on the topic (Fulton, Deirdre – Common Dreams). Men do not have the same reproductive systems as women.
Colored people are left behind without representation in any court of justice for the feeble remnant of voters left by law that is inconsiderable without shadow of power. Now that the fourteenth and fifteenth amendment passed it guarantees all citizens equal protection under the law, and prohibits denying men the right to vote because of their race. It states this in the last two paragraphs. In 1900, Africans Americans worked in jobs that were mainly in Agriculture and domestic. In source 3 it shows about 85 percent of African Americans work in Agriculture and Domestic jobs.
The civil rights movement was a protest that took place across the majority of southern states in the United States protesting the discrimination of blacks. Blacks were treated with much less respect than whites post-Civil War and they finally determined a change. The road ahead of them was a very difficult one if they were expecting any change to happen. Much controversy was caused and hundreds of protest, riots, and sit-ins occurred. There are many familiar names associated with the civil rights movement such as Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, and Malcolm X.