However, modernism in art encompassed a range of characteristics. Through films, novels, plays, and poems, we can see that artistic views, in modernism, served as a revolutionary tool, often in experimental forms, to challenge the notion of absolute truth and ultimate authority by highlighting the consciousness and unconsciousness of the individual. In modernism, artistic works were often used as a revolutionary tool because the previous generation and the upper class had such a tight grip on a specific set of values and truth-claims. Modernists had to rip through society to present new morals and values. This new movement was not only an artistic enlightenment, as the artists also practiced self-reflection, but also a politically-charged artistic movement.
Modernism is a new type and style of artwork. The modernist movement in art history features in the late 19th centuries and early 20th centuries. With Modernist artworks the old traditional styles and past techniques are forgotten about. Instead new styles and methods are used to create these modernist artworks. The process of making modernist artworks is a primary component in the final completed piece.
Eventually became the world's most famed painting movement. See: Characteristics of Impressionist Painting (1870-1910). the most contribution of artistic movement to "modern art" was to legitimatise the utilization of non-naturalist colors, so paving the approach for the all non-naturalist abstractionism of the twentieth century. Short-lived, dramatic and extremely prestigious, light-emitting diode by Henri Emile Benoit Matisse (1869-1954), art movement was 'the' modern vogue throughout the mid-1900s in Paris. The new vogue was launched at the Salon d'Automne, and have become instantly famed for its vivid, garish, non-naturalist colors that created artistic movement seem virtually monochrome!
Abstract expressionism also setup the theoretical ground for high modernism was a state of history in which the artist experimented on form and style and also searched deep into the existential issue pertaining to human life, modernism was the face of intellectuals who ultimately celebrated the human freedom. Art was the only medium expressing their freedom and joy. Abstract expressionism was a purest form of apolitical art of 20th century. Early 20th century western art had shown the tendencies of art moving towards abstraction which the artists thought to be closer to the purest of forms of art like music. Kandinsky was one of the early exponents of abstract art.
1 INTRODUCTION Postmodernism is a complex term and set of ideas which has emerged as an area of study since the mid 1980s (Hassan 1981:30-37). Postmodernism is a concept that appears in a wide variety of disciplines including art, architecture, film, literature, fashion, and technology (Hassan 1981:30-37). Therefore, Postmodernism is best understood by outlining the modernist philosophy it replaced, the avant-garde who were active from the 1860s to the 1950s (Lizardo & Strand 2009:36-70). Therefore, from research one can justify that the different artists in the modern era were focused on essential, forward thinking approaches, concepts of technological positivity, and grand narratives of Western authority and progress. The article Re-learning
In order to perceive logic through the process of a rationalist it has to be fallacy proof and should be free from critical thinking. Biasness and emotions have no place in rationalism. People confuse free thinking and rationalism but the literal meaning does not connect them together. Free thinking is a non restrictive definition on the other hand rationalism is a restrictive
The rhetoric of late Modernism tended to be “ahistorical, scientific, self-referential ….progress and objective truth….perfection and demanded purity, clarity, order.” (p.2, Hertz, 1993), while also being “many forms of individual (usually male) ‘expression’” (p.7, Taylor, 1995). One word came to define later modernism, “formalism-which implied not only the logical structure of modernist invention but also the strictures of rigid adherence to established forms” (p.3, Hertz, 1993). This was a world where in 1962 Ad Reinhardt (a prominent abstract painter) to declare “Art-as-art is nothing but art….separating and defining it more and more, making it purer and emptier, more absolute and more exclusive” (p.806, Gaiger & Wood, 2003), by the end of modernism it seemed “reductive and austere… its purity came to seem puritanical” (p.3, Hertz,
The aspects of postmodernism emerged within a time not defined by the revolution or war but by the media. Apart from modernism, postmodernism has no faith in the narratives of history or as the self as independent subject. The postmodernism is found to be interested in the instability and fragmentation while focusing on the elements of destruction of boundaries (Kim, 2012; Weston, et al., 2015). The mixture of different times along with the periods of art may have been considered as the high or low aspects and as a common practice in the work of postmodernism. This aspect of the practice is referred to as the pastiche while it is taking a subjective aspect of the globe with the identification of art.
One thing that is certain is Postmodernism is a flexible term that can cover a wide range of art forms. Critical theorists use Postmodernism to refer to a point of deviation for works of literature, drama, architecture, cinema and design. Originally, Postmodernism was a reaction to modernism. Malcolm Barnard explains “where modernity conceived of the object in terms of production, Post modernity conceives of it in terms of consumption”. This means that all forms of art are made with the sole purpose of being ‘consumed’ and with a main target of postmodernism being to appeal to a wider audience the two go hand in hand.
What is ‘modern’ in one place may be an ‘old – fashioned’ elsewhere. The word “Modernity” is originally a latin word and it means a cultural movement that affected European life. Both “modernity” and “modernization” are made from “post modernity” The structured pluralism of modern societies and cultures has brought a differentiation of rationalities: for example, those of the market, of the natural sciences, of historical investigation, of religion, and of common sense. This differentiation has challenged the modern ideal of the universal unity of knowledge and of mutual moral communication and understanding. Yet with its multisystemic setting it has also challenged the idea of an endless and relativistic differentiation and dissociation, an idea often connected with postmodernity.