The purpose of this paper is to define utilitarianism and deontology, discuss the similarities and differences between the two, and to address an ethical dilemma utilizing utilitarian and deontological principles. Utilitarianism. Utilitarianism
“In philosophy, meta-ethics is the branch of ethics that seeks to understand the nature of ethical properties, statements, attitudes, and judgments. Meta-ethics is one of the three branches of ethics generally recognized by philosophers, the others being ethical theory and applied ethics. Ethical theory and applied ethics make up normative ethics.” Applied ethics concerns itself with moral questions regarding particular, individual issues, such as whether or not it is wrong to have an abortion, whether or not the death penalty should be enforced, and so on. Normative ethics is interested with questions in regard to the underlying principles that are the guiding light of the applied ethicist. For example, should only the consequences or our duties or our character matter?
Lon Fuller is one of the prominent jurists who defended the notion that law has to take into consideration of morality in order to constitute its validity. He divided morality into two categories, which is to say, morality of aspiration and morality of duty. Morality of aspiration is the morality of excellence, of the good life, of the fullest realization of human powers. It has to do with our efforts to make the best use of our short
In simple words, a moral theory is an effort at outlining what an individual ought to do in accord to an intrinsic good. It can take many aspects, each with it’s own strength and weaknesses, and each appealing in it’s own way. In this paper I will focus on two normative ethical theories, consequentialism and deontology. I will respectively describe each one, and will then proceed to list their corresponding benefits and shortcomings. I will conclude by siding with consequentialism for various reasons that I will try my best to explain.
Rather, it is based on standards at which we guide our behaviors and determine what should be done and what shouldn’t. Kant, one of the greatest philosophers who have discussed ethics, argues that acting in an ethical way requires differentiating between, “right” and “wrong” and then performing the right option. It is all about every individual’s view for a condition and the morality. Morality has a concern when it comes to norms, values, and beliefs that are embedded in social process. This defines right and wrong for an individual or a community.
Ethicists of rights emphasize our rights to pursue our own good. Virtue ethicists accent the importance of self – respect. Each of these theories insists that the pursuit of self – interest must be balanced and kept under control by moral responsibilities to other people. Now let us consider a view called “Ethical Egoism” which challenges all the ethical theories and it tries to reduce morality to the pursuit of self-interest. It is called ‘egoism’, because it says that our main duty is to maximize our own good.
When it comes to ethics, we look to leaders to lead on ethics and take responsibility for both good and bad results. Leaders who lead ethically are role models, communicating the importance of ethical standards, holding their employees accountable to those standards, and- crucially- designing environments in which others work and live. But, what happens when these leaders begin to cross that fine line of what is ethical and what it is not? The follower must then step up and remind the leader of what is right. The follower must remind the leader of the very things that the leader has taught the follower about ethics.
While ethical relativism has its advantages because it could create a peaceful society, that is not always the case. Relativism does not accept that certain moral values are universal. Just because cultures differ, that does not mean there are no moral values and norms, like murder or child abuse. Determining what is morally right or wrong is an difficult thing, and each individual has a different belief about it. So, by allowing everyone to follow their own moral code, it could lead to chaotic society.
1.0 INTRODUCTION Ethics is the study of right and wrong, duty and obligation, moral norms, individual character and responsibility. Ethic is also called as a system of moral principles. Ethics is derived from the Greece word called “ethos”. The meaning is character and manners. In other words, Ethics are more moral guideline which governs good behavior.
So when can we say that morality is present or when ethics are present? Morality is present when we believe that the things that we do is right or wrong while ethics are present when our own society tells us that what we are doing is right or wrong. Where does morality and ethics belong? Morality comes from ourselves