Utilitarian And Kantian Argumentative Analysis

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Human beings are the only things that have true value. Their moral worth allows them to work out whether an action is the right thing to do or if it is the wrong thing to do. This essay will aim to show how the Utilitarian’s and Kantian’s view punishment for a crime and explains how the Kantian view provides a better moral theory. The Utilitarian’s view of morality is that it (morality) is dependent on the consequences of actions and the level of happiness that is brought about by a specific action. Happiness can be determined by the amount of pleasure or pain. If an action brings about more pleasure than pain, then that action is morally right. Likewise, if an action brings about more pain than pleasure then that action is morally wrong.…show more content…
Retributivism is the most important defence for punishment. This meant that there would be an increase in misery, which is against what the Utilitarian’s want. Utilitarian activists believe in maximizing pleasure, while minimizing pain. Retributivism is then a problem. But, punishment would be allowed if by punishing the wrongdoer, the society/community gains pleasure. Even though the wrongdoer would be receiving pain, the overall pleasure of the society outweighs this. Alongside this, by punishing the wrongdoer, the victim is able to attain comfort and solace as there was justice meted…show more content…
Each individual has the capacity to reason, making them rational human beings. Rational beings are able have the ability of free will which enables them to be responsibility for their actions. By deciding to commit a crime, the wrongdoer has taken freely decided to behave in such a manner, taking the responsibility upon himself, and should be punished for his decision. When a crime is committed, humans ought to be punished as they are rational beings. By not punishing them, one would not be treating them as free rational being who are responsible for their own actions. According to the Kantian view of punishment for a crime, The Golden Rule states that the wrongdoer should be punished accordingly. This means that the punishment that he receives should be equal to the crime that he committed (the punishment should be in proportion to the crime). This is known as the Principle of Equality which calls for

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