Mosquitos breed in water, and when they bite a person infected with malaria, they can spread the infection to other people. Symptoms of malaria include fever, headache and shivering. In severe cases, it can even lead to complications like pneumonia, severe anemia, coma and death. To prevent breeding of mosquitos and malaria, pooled water must be eliminated. You can also use mosquito nets and pesticides and practice good sanitation.
Dengue has become a worldwide problem since the Second World War and is endemic in more than 110 countries. Apart from eliminating the mosquitoes, work is ongoing on a vaccine, as well as medication targeted directly at the virus. Dengue Virus Infection in Pakistan: Next challenge now for the
Always cover your cough to prevent spreading the flu. Another common sign of influenza is fever. When you get a fever, it means that your body is trying to fight an infection. Diarrhea and vomiting are signs of flu mostly observed in children. The incubation period for flu is 1 to 4 days.
Malaria is the most common disease in third world countries with a tropical climate; the disease is caused by a parasite called Plasmodium, which is transmitted through the bites of infected mosquitoes. In the human body, the parasites multiply in the liver, and then infect red blood cells. Symptoms of malaria include fever, headache, and vomiting, and usually appear between 10 and 15 days after the mosquito bite. If not treated, malaria can quickly become life-threatening by disrupting the blood supply to vital organs. In many parts of the world, the parasites have developed resistance to a number of malaria medicines.
Despite the diversity, both target the red blood cells and make the infected person heavily ill. The other fatal ailments that the insects can carry are yellow fever, West Nile virus, and encephalitis. What attracts mosquitoes to humans? Just to clear the matter now, not everyone can draw in the blood-sucking bugs. You become extra inviting to them in case you are always feeling hot and covered in sweat.
Pediatric pneumonia is the most common cause of mortality in children. Although , there are cures for this infection , if not detected early , it can pose to be life threatening. Most cases of pediatric pneumonia are found in developing countries like Bangladesh , Nigeria and the Sub Saharan Region. According to WHO , as of 2013 , the causality rate caused by pneumonia is at 2 million, amongst children under the age of five. This dramatically rising number proves that there is a need to understand the etiology of this infection , and determine what factors can be assessed to help in early detection of pneumonia.
Hyperendemicity may occur due to the cocirculation of multiple virus serotypes in the same city. Humans become infected with dengue viruses due to the the bite of an infective mosquito (Gubler, 1998). The principal vector of dengue virus is Aedes agypti which is a domesticated mosquito and prefers to lay eggs in artificial water containers found in and around residential areas, for example, old automobile tires, flower vases, refrigerator trays, coolers and trash. The adult mosquitoes prefer to rest indoor and feed on humans mostly during daylight hours. The two peak timings of biting of this mosquito are early morning and in the afternoon before dusk.
The Controversial Use of DDT in South Africa 1. Background information 1.1 What is malaria and how is it spread Malaria is a disease carried and spread by a female mosquito, Anopheles, and it is caused by a Plasmodium parasite, which is also carried by the Anopheles mosquito. These mosquitoes are mostly active and common between dusk and dawn. Once the mosquito bites a person, he/she becomes infected and the parasite travels through the bloodstream to get to the liver, where it attacks the red blood cells and it multiplies. At regular intervals of 48-72 hours, the parasite blasts in the red blood cells and new parasites are released.
Study revealed that these wastes harbor the mosquito which is major cause of malaria. Malaria is one of the diseases caused due to the poor or improper solid waste management caused by female anopheles mosquitoes. Most of the people at Dodoma municipality are highly affected malaria especially children under five years and pregnant women. According to health expert the situation is more critical during the rainy season. Other animals which use refuse dumps to rest and hide include sand flies, is a vector of leishmaniasis and the rat are very effective vectors that spread