Early Childhood Education Abstract Early childhood education (ECE) is a type of educational program which relates to the teaching of young children in their preschool years. It consists of many activities and experiences designed to assist in the cognitive and social development of preschoolers before they start elementary school. In most early childhood programs and schools, technology will be part of the learning background of the future. To make sure this new technology is used effectively, we must assure that teachers are fully trained and supported. In this paper, theoretical perspectives of child development is discussed with the basic elements of learning program.
Analyzing Application of Froebel and Chen Heqin’s theories 4.1 Use of Froebel’s Kindergarten Education What modern early childhood education gets from Froebel’s preschool education thoughts is to emphasis on the importance of family education. Families have an irreplaceable important role in children's education. Parents are children’s first teacher. Parents are who they contact most and impact biggest. Therefore, modern early childhood education will closely contact between family education and school education, so parents can master certain means of early childhood education and teach their children in family education, to ensure the smooth progress in early childhood education work.
In this paper, theoretical perspectives of child development are discussed with the basic elements of learning program. It also explains briefly the role of technology in Early Childhood Education. Introduction Studies show that high-quality education early in a child’s life leads to continued success in school, at work, and leads to healthier well-rounded emotionally and socially. Recently, early childhood education has become a prevalent public policy issue and lawmakers have started considering funding for preschools . Early childhood education often centers on learning through play.
Infant and toddler education is a subset of early childhood education. Initial childhood education enables children to enter and thrive in the elementary school classroom, decreasing the risk of mental illness, and helping the development of independent adults (Benin, 2010). In other words, a child at this early level of education is taught to be open to interpretations and critical thinking. She/he is exposed to all subjects, beginning with the environment in which he/she lives and in time, encompasses ethics, science, and belief systems. At this early stage, this formative type of education is capable of the following: closing the cognitive gap between lower and higher-income children before formal schooling begins, increasing subsequent high school graduation rates, improving performance on regulated tests, and decreasing both repetition of classroom material and the amount of children arranged in learning support education (Schweinhart et al.,
It is crucial to understand Piaget’s theory of learning; he believes that this is as a dynamic development as information is formed from the individuals themselves. Kamii (1974) emphasizes on the idea argued by Piaget which is that intellectual development is that children must be allowed to do their own learning (Halpenny and Pettersen, 2014, p. 152). To substantiate, Anne Marie Halpenny and Jan Pettersen (2014, p. 153) supports this statement in how educators can acquire and assimilate the concepts in educator’s pedagogy by claiming, that ‘active learning’ within allowing children to explore the environment is is the greatest approach for children to acquire knowledge. This suggest, that the responsibility of educators is to construct certain methodologies within their pedagogy to be able to adapt and develop aspects of Piaget’s theory to offer a learning situation where children are offered to cogitate and consequent to having children have the ability to develop as themselves. In addition to this, using Piaget’s theory in the approach of understanding that primary children from year 3 to year 6 would be distinguished as concrete operational individuals.
Both processes work together simultaneously. .He believed that for learning to take place a child has to adapt to his environment and knowledge is constructed and manipulated within a child. He also believed that peer interactions with children of similar intellectual level was of great importance because it opens the child to alternative perspectives and gives them the opportunity to discuss new ideas, information and knowledge. Piaget also believed that when children learn new things it is compared to something they already know and grouped in a mental shelve with other similar things (schema). Assimilation and
Critical reflection on two approaches – Reggio Emilia Approach and Forest School Approach Reggio Emilia Approach Reggio Emilia Approach is an educational philosophy which considers children as capable, innovative and curious learners with intrinsic motivations in learning about the unknowns surrounding them (Mitchell and Carroll, 2003). It aimed to promote children’s learning through the development of “the hundred languages” of children (Edwards, Gandini and Forma, 2012). Features Learning spaces, social exchanges, projects, art materials, documentation and collaborative teaching style are the core values of the Approach (Mitchell and Carroll, 2003). In this approach, spaces involved in students’ daily lives were considered as extensions of classrooms where learning takes place in (Mitchell and Carroll, 2003). Social exchanges such as interactive activities, conflicts and communications were encouraged (Gandini, 1993).
Introduction It is very important to study about the development of the human. Because it provides framework to think about human growth, their mental development, and the most important one, ‘their learning’. As a teacher it is very important to study about these theories. Because it have a close relationship with the development of the students and their learning behavior (Michael, 2012) . So, in this assignment I am going to talk about the four major developmental theories which focused on the development of the human.
The first language plays an important role in sociolinguistics since due to the latter, we have learnt to think, to communicate and acquired an instinctive understanding of grammar. UNESCO has encouraged instruction in primary schools through the mother tongue and has highlighted the advantages of teaching in mother tongue from the
1.0 Introduction According to the National Preschool Curriculum (2003), Preschool defined as preparation before primary education primary school level. Experience of schooling and effective learning, meaningful and satisfying can supply them with the skills, confidence and a positive attitude in preparation for formal schooling and lifelong education. According to Mohd Rohaty Majzub (2003), preschool education is critical years and the basis for the next educational level and determine the success of an individual's life. Preschool education is very important to children among 4 to 6 years because it is a bridge to children from home to school, which will proceed to formal education. In addition, an important early experience will be acquired