The treaty of Versailles, created by the allied nations, aimed itself at weakening Germany as much as possible. The treaty forced a German loss of territory, massive economical problems, which again were only worsened by the great depression in the 1930s and forced a large number of German people to flee their country. It also severely weakened the German government, so that when the time came, it became a lot easier for Hitler on his way to power in Germany with fascism and nazism. And in most people’s opinion, Hitler is the main character and factor of the Second World War. But without the treaty of Versailles, Hitler was most likely to fail on his path to power in Germany, and would never have succeeded to start a war in the first place.
The weaknesses faced by the Weimar Republic was known which also enabled Hitler to exploit the weaknesses of the left and the moderates. Appearing to be the strong leader and withholding the communication skills needed to lead a country, he was able to gain the votes he needed (Orlow 'Modern Germany ' p.185). There were violent strikes in the streets, back and forth fighting, rioting. People were killed and the people of Germany, who feared Communism and despise chaos, sided with the “volkishe” parties, who promised to establish law and order. The people of Germany thought rather than having thousands die it would be better to have law and order and break a few heads than to live with that chaos.
The Treaty of Versailles was the Treaty signed by Germany, France, Britain, and the USA in 1919 on June 28th. The “Big Three” all had their personal aggressions towards Germany and as a result the Treaty was rather harsh. The Treaty of Versailles was significant to some extent to Hitler’s rise to power in 1933 because it left the people of Germany vulnerable and confused which made Hitler’s extreme ideas easier to appeal to. Economically, it left Germany’s economy in tatters due to the reparations. Socially, there was the war guilt clause which caused an outrage amongst the German people.
This created an substantial amount of debt for Germany which in turn created hyperinflation which affected most of the German populace directly. Many people lost their jobs, prices of daily needs, such as bread, went up to ridiculous prices and many people lost their savings in a matter of days so Germany could start to pay off the debt they owed to the Allies. Many people started to lose faith in the Weimar government and the growing Nazi party used the failing economy as a walking-stick to help them rise to power. They presented solutions to the German people, creating a false sense of hope for the people and a volatile trust for their forthcoming policies and proposals as to how the Nazi Party would end the economic crisis and return the people to their prosperous and steady lifestyle. It was the reparations that cause the German people to no longer trust their government, but it was the Nazis who would win back the trust of the people through false
Therefore I want to prove in the following section that it wasn’t just Hitler who made his chancellorship possible by explaining several important aspects which lead to his success in 1933. In my opinion there are three relevant components which helped Hitler gain power and finally become chancellor of Germany. They include the historic events and the situation after WWI, the organisation of the Nazi party and the people who worked for Hitler and his ideals and obviously Hitler himself, what he represented and how he touched so very many people.
Unfortunately, the economic situation in Germany is also very poor and the great economic crisis of the 1929 attack German again. The public hope to come out of decay, Hitler grasped this opportunity and won the support from the disappointing people. In addition, the Anti-Semitism in European has a long history and
(History 323/The Holocaust) Founded in 1925, the “Schutzstaffel,” German for “Protective Echelon,” initially served as Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler’s (1889-1945) personal bodyguards, and later became one of the most powerful and feared organizations in all of Nazi Germany. Heinrich Himmler (1900-45), a fervent anti-Semite like Hitler, became head of the Schutzstaffel or SS, in 1929 and expanded the group’s role and size. (History/The SS) The Gestapo (Geheime Staatspolizei) was Nazi Germany’s feared secret police force. The Gestapo’s main purpose was to punish and look for those considered a threat to Nazi Germany. By the time World War Two started these included Jews, Communists, Jehovah's Witnesses, homosexuals, etc.
Moreover, the German revolution caused endless chaos and tension in Germany, stealing away the soldiers’ focus on victory in WW1, therefore negatively affecting their performance & sparking their defeat in WW1. The figure above (Figure 2: German Revolution), shows one of the demonstrations in the German revolution. However, the German revolution stemmed many changes into the German authority, as the Kaiser was coerced to resign & Germany was announced a republic. (Figure 2: German Revolution) In conclusion, many different factors combined led to the German defeat in WW1, including the US entry into WW1, the naval factors, the authoritative factors, the blockades and the failure of the U-boat campaign as well as the Ludendorff offensive.
Germany had been an empire until the First World War, the loss of which shook the German people to their very foundations. The psychological impact of going from an empire to a defeated nation was utterly traumatic. At the same time, Marxism was raging throughout Europe, toppling numerous governments and seen as a threat everywhere by the establishments. Hitler made people feel they were great again and played to their nationalistic and patriotic sentiments. It was easier for people to believe they were great and stab them in the back than to believe they had been failures and deserved what was happening to them.
Germany some huge damages on other countries. Germany was required to pay the recovery for the war cost. This was listed on the Treaty of Versailles. The government is really weak and it couldn’t help Germany strong again. Germany got a lot of problems.
During the interwar period, totalitarian leaders and their regimes were remarkably successful and gaining and holding power. One of the most successful totalitarian leaders was Adolf Hitler and the NAZI party. Hitler brought Germany out of the slump that they had been put in by the Treaty of Versailles. Hitler introduced new laws and policies that allowed the NAZI party to gain and hold power. Hitler combined terror and propaganda, with his new policies to turn the unsuspecting Germany into a totalitarian state.
World War I and World War II both left European states in ruins, many civilians devastated, the most casualties seen in any war and the economy in shambles. Consequently, the decline of entire empires left many people with confused identities, as these countries were acquired by other countries. The wars would have also established the formation of alliances. The aftermath forced world leaders to take on the task of reconstructing what had been destroyed. These leaders knew that the peace they had sought out in the postwar era was only temporary, but little did they know that the settlements of the First Great War would lead to another war, much more destructive than the previous one.
The Weimar Republic is a term which is referring to a period in German history when the government was a democratic republic governed by a constitution that was laid out in the German city of Weimar. The Weimar Republic was created at a hard and chaotic time, subsequent to the loss of the war and many people wished the government wouldn 't have signed the treaty. Hitler and the Nazis took advantage of this by promising to “reverse the treaty” which helped them gain support. The German people just wanted to get out of the starving, bankrupt tragedy and thought that Hitler would help with that. The Weimar Republic was one of the most important events that led up to Hitler and the Nazi Party along with World