Muscles in the jaw and tongue, required for proper speech and oral movements can be impacted by cerebral palsy which can cause difficulty talking, drooling, chewing and even breathing. Depending on the type of cerebral palsy you have, there are different impairments involving speech. People with spastic cerebral palsy have slow and tend to struggle with oral movements that require a lot of effort. Athetoid cerebral palsy cases have difficulty controlling their face movements. They cannot control their movements that their face makes and vocal cords, this results in random sounds and mumbling.
What are the symptoms of peripheral artery disease? Snippet: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a condition, in which a build-up of fatty deposits (atherosclerosis) in the arteries leads to the narrowing of the peripheral arteries and reduce blood flow to the legs, stomach, arms, and head. According to statistics, both men and women are affected equally by this condition. However, the prevalence increases as one age. The characteristic symptoms of PAD include-fatigue, heaviness, tiredness, or painful cramping in your hip, thigh or calf muscles that occur after certain activities, such as walking or climbing stairs.
It shows symptoms of loss of motor control, pain and paraesthesia. When there is an inflammation in the white matter or gray matter region of the spinal cord or connecting with brain results myelitis. In myelitis, paralysis and sensory loss can occur due to the damage caused in myelination of the axon. Anterior spinal artery syndrome is a condition that arouse when the blood carrying artery is interrupted. It is common syndrome with symptoms of loss of sensory and motor sensation due to injury.
How to cope with Diabetic retinopathy? What is diabetic eye disease? Diabetic eye disease (DED) is normally used for a group of eye diseases that patients with diabetes mellitus may get as a complication of diabetes. Diabetic eye disease can be the cause of severe vision loss or blindness, above all. Diabetic eye disease includes diabetic retinopathy, cataract and glaucoma.
This can affect babies if their diaphragm does not develop properly during their foetal stage, but it can also affect adults. - Muscle hernia: these occurs when part of a muscle pushes through the abdomen. They can occur in leg muscles as a result of sport injuries. Hernia can occur in any part of the body, but they mostly develop in the areas of the body between the chest and hips. Some of the most common types are discussed
Excitatory and inhibitory synapses are indicated on the soma and proximal dendrites and currents initiated at each, flowing through the possynaptic membrane and the region of the axon hillock, where the spike is thought to be initiated. TERMINATION:The signal is usually terminated by either 1.Breakdown of the neurotransmitter or 2.by re uptake of neurotransmitter . the later is mainly in the presynaptic neuron to avail the recycling of neurotransmitters . Reuptake: Follwing the fusion of the synaptic vesicles and the release of the neurotransmitters in the synaptic cleft , small neurotransmitters such as , glycine arecleared rapidly from the space for their recycling by the specialized membrane protein in post or the presynaptic membrane . Breakdown: Some neurotransmitters are brokendown without any direct reuptake for example the acetylecholine and the large ones , the choline part of the acetylecholine is to large degree taken up by the presynaptic membrane for recycling .
On some occasions, diarrhea is accompanied by some abdominal discomfort or pain. Severe abdominal pain is not typical and, if present, may be a sign of more severe illness. If diarrhea is massive and results in dehydration, the condition becomes an emergency, and may potentially be lethal. Patients who experience dehydration are usually thirsty, and have dry throats. In older patients, the skin appears to be loose, and they may become very sleepy, confused or develop changes in behavior.
These blood vessels usually nourish the retina. These blood vessels get blocked which causes irregular new blood vessels to form. Bleeding into the vitreous gel may occur due to these new blood vessels being weak. Retinal detachment may also occur because of these new blood vessels pulling on the retina. Diabetic retinopathy is a major cause of visual impairment in middle aged people and visual loss in older people.
Dry eye syndrome, also called as keratoconjunctivitis, is a health issue that develops once the eyes usually do not produce enough tear lubricant to always keep their surface moist. This produces an inflammatory response in their fragile tissues and, in addition, results in discomfort just like itching, redness and also sensitivity. If it is not treated properly, it may trigger the deterioration of the cornea as well as the conjunctiva. This is most common among the older people, though it can occur from young ages if there is exposure to contaminated environments or perhaps injuries. The great news is that the signs and symptoms can be controlled naturally.
Firstly, the loss of lower-limb functions, can be the result of many conditions; the most common being spinal-cord injury. Secondly, unstable posture can be caused by brain trauma and cerebral palsy. Lastly, general physical problems affecting the lower limbs, such as broken legs, obesity, and knee and hip joint problems that have caused arthritis. Each condition
Paints often develop difficulty breathing, cough, and wheezing. The pancreas is also frequently damaged in cystic fibrosis, which leads to recurrent pancreatitis, abdominal pain, diabetes, and malabsorption of nutrients. Patients that do not receive treatment typically progress and develop end-stage lung and pancreatic disease that may require organ transplantation. Due to the importance of this condition,
The hypothalamus communicates to each lobe differently. The hypothalamo-hypophyseal tract system is the specific way the hypothalamus communicates with the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland. It is a nervous system connection with direct connecting neurons. The neurons are located in the hypothalamus and then axons extend down to the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland. The neurons produce hormones that slide down the axons and end up in the posterior lobe.
Blindness, difficulty swallowing, hearing loss, seizures, vision loss, and impaired voice are other symptoms that are common. An eye abnormality called a cherry-red spot, which can be identified with an eye examination, is also characteristic of this disorder. Infants can lose motor skills such as crawling, sitting, or turning over. There is a milder form of Tay-Sachs called late-onset Tay-Sachs which causes muscle weakness and
The adnexa muscles, most notably the orbicularis oculi, protect the ocular structures and allow blinking. The facial muscles are required to show emotion and damage to these is also a cosmetic concern. Lacrimal and salivary glands are also affected, further exacerbating dry eye and dry mouth. The facial nerve pathway is long and has many forks, including five prominent branches and several lesser rami. The winding and branching nature of the pathway yields susceptibility for variable paresis or paralysis due to ischemia or mechanical pinching.1,2 The patient in question, a 42-year-old female, presents in clinic in the afternoon with a complaint of waking up that morning with a dry & irritated right eye.
Myasthenia gravis is a chronic autoimmune neuromuscular disease characterized by varying degrees of weakness of the skeletal muscles of the body. It occurs when communication between nerve cells and muscles becomes impaired. This impairment prevents crucial muscle contractions from occurring, resulting in muscle weakness. Normally when impulses travel down the nerve, the nerve endings release a neurotransmitter substance called acetylcholine. Acetylcholine travels from the neuromuscular junction and binds to acetylcholine receptors which are activated and generate a muscle contraction.