In addition to the uncooked beef, the water was also contaminated. The whole situation lead to Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). E. coli is the bacteria that lives in intestine. It is regarded both harmless and harmful depending on the immune system of the individual as well as on the level of strains of E. coli. The symptoms of E.coli can be considered in food poisoning and food-borne infections and they are as follows: • Nausea • Omitting • Fever • Fatigue • Abdominal cramps • Watery diarrhea • Gas • Pale skin • Urinary tract infection However, the additional symptoms caused by E. coli that leads to food-borne illness and is hazardous to health are as follows: • Respiratory illness • Pneumonia • Meningitis • Seizure • Kidney failure • AIDS • Brain swelling • Paralysis • Coma • Bloody diarrhea 1.3 Seeing the outbreak examples delivered, confer how food-borne illnesses can be
YMA at 24 ˚C type of bacteria growth is Corynebacterium diphtheria, which are rod shaped; this type of bacteria is pathogenic that can cause diphtheria. It is also known as the klebs –Laffer found in temperature zones but also found in other parts of the world. Diphtheria is an infection caused by this bacteria, is transmitted from one person to another usually through respinary droplet, like from coughing or sneezing. CONCLUSION Commercial probiotics contain viable cultures, they are essential to maintain and modify the structures and functions of the intestinal epithelium, and to fight pathogenic bacteria. Diary and fermented products mostly contain probiotics.
Escherichia coli usually colonizes the gastrointestinal tract of infants after birth (Nataro,2012). E. coli cause various diseases like bloody diarrhea and severe abdominal cramps because E. coli produce a toxin that can damage the lining of the small intestines. We usually encountered E .coli when we ate undercooked food and when we swallow a mouthful of contaminated pool water(kaper,2010) Staphylococcus aureus is responsible for bacteria skin infections of humans.have mechanism against host defense that promotes colonization and infection of skin (Pollack,2013).S. aureus are usually lives in throat, skin and in the nose. It colonizes about 30% of population and it is one of the leading causes of infection like endocarditis and sepsis.
BOTULINUM TOXIN The neurotoxins produced by the Clostridia species are among the most potent toxins known. Botulinum toxin, BoNT, is a poisonous substance produced within living cells by Clostridium Botulinum bacteria. Botulism poisoning results most frequently from the ingestion of contaminated food. Food must be cooked for a sufficient length of time, at 248 °F, for the heat resistant spores to die. Botulism also may result from a wound infection or enter the body v via the pulmonary tract, inhalational botulism (Dembek 339).
Introduction: Foodborne illnesses are any illness resulting from the food spoilage of contaminated food. Most foodborne disease caused by pathogenic bacteria, viruses, or parasites that contaminate the food. In addition to, other foodborne diseases it may happened due to poisonings caused by harmful toxins or chemicals that have contaminated food. Also, foodborne pathogens it can be acquired throughout contaminated water, from contact with animals or their environment, or through direct transmission person-to-person. In this article we will discuss about one of the most common foodborne pathogens it is campylobacter.
Planet earth is made up of over two-thirds of water and less than one-third of land. Having contaminated water, exposes us to significant health risks. Water pollution is caused by several different human activities that result in toxins, chemicals and waste in our water supply. A 1969 United Nations report defined ocean pollution as: "the introduction by man, directly or indirectly, of substances or energy into the marine environment (including estuaries) resulting in such deleterious effects as harm to living resources, hazards to human health, hindrance to marine activities, including fishing, impairment of quality for use of sea water and reduction of amenities." There are several types of water pollutants; one category is the microbiological, which refers to the contamination of viruses and bacteria in water.
The nasopharynx of almost every other healthy person includes the pathogenic staphylococci. It is equally important assure the epidemiological significance of the intestinal form of carriage of staphylococci. In addition, the common sources of staph infection are animals with mastitis, purulent diseases of the liver, muscle and other. The products of animal origin can be infected with staphylococci of animal life (milk of mastitis udder) or butchering (Guzmán-Blanco, Mejía,
Definitions of Infectious Diseases An infectious disease is an pathogenic infection caused by the spread of a microorganism, such as bacteria, virus, fungus, or a parasite. Germs are known as pathogens, tiny organisms that invade the body and make you sick. Majority of the microorganisms that live in our bodies or on our skin are harmless.These are called good microorganisms,they are beneficial to our health by providing protection from the bad microorganisms. While on the other hand, when given the right circumstances some microorganisms can cause harmful diseases. Infectious diseases can be passed from one person to another, transmitted from insects bites or animals, by ingesting contaminated food or water, or being exposed to a toxic environment.
Flavonoid causes leakage of the bacteria cell material by disrupting the cytoplasmic membrane permeability (M. Asif & E. Khodadadi, 2013). On the other hand, alkaloid intercalates into cell wall and DNA and act as inhibitor of DNA synthesis through topoisomerase inhibition. (Bonjean K. et al., 1998; Dassonneville L. et al., 2000. Besides, saponin and tannin contained in the seed coat also demonstrate antimicrobial activities (Hashim, D.N. Faridah & D.A.
So here are some causes of Typhoid Fever. There are a bunch of causes for Typhoid because it’s a disease. It’s caused by a bacteria called Salmonella typhi, which causes food poisoning. One of its main causes is direct contact because it is easily spread and can contaminate a lot. You can also get Typhoid Fever by eating uncooked food or sometimes eating food at room temperature.