There are many preventions that can be made to avoid this disease along with knowing the symptoms to know what precautions to take. Furthermore, with today’s advanced technology, there are also many diagnostic tests that help doctors treat those with the late effects a stroke may cause. Pathophysiology A cerebrovascular accident may occur when the blood supply of the brain is cut off or reduced gradually. As a result, oxygen and nutrients aren’t able to reach the brain and it’s cells being to die. There are two
The mitral valve is also reconstructed during surgery either by repairing it or, if needed, replacing it so that the valve will close tightly enough to regulate the blood flow. However, during a complete atrioventricular septal defect repair, the doctor will also divide the single mitral valve into two separate valves, with one each on the left and right sides of the repaired septum. If dividing the mitral valve is not possible for the procedure, then a heart valve replacement would be needed to proceed. The anatomical system that is affected by this procedure is the cardiovascular system. The operation is performed in the chest cavity on the heart, with the septum and valves being reconstructed or replaced.
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a condition which affects the heart muscle. The left ventricle of the heart becomes enlarged which can result in the inefficiency of blood being pumped around the body. In Lily’s situation, this was a genetic condition however this condition may also be caused by viral infections, auto-immune disease or even pregnancy (British heart foundation, 2017). Development According to Feldman, (2004) children with chronic medical conditions are expected to require longer hospital stays. There are many issues which can impact childhood development on the hospitalised child.
Sometimes medication may be used in treatment of interstitial cerebral edema in order to reduce cerebrospinal fluid production in chronically increased intracranial pressure. If untreated cerebral edema can cause death. When treated it may still have lingering effects on the body such as: loss of vision, cerebral atrophy with cognitive decline, and altered mental
First line therapies should target the underlying disease, however platelet transfusions may also be mandatory up to some extend. However, in case of diseases with increased platelet activation and consumption, platelet transfusion is not convenient because it may trigger a new pathologic
Why do you think it is important to screen for dyslipidemia before exercise? It is important to screen individuals for dyslipidemia, due to the risk of coronary heart disease and other cardiovascular diseases. Furthermore, individuals who have high levels of triglyceride or cholesterol levels can experience insufficient amounts of oxygen to the tissues, heart, and the brain. Also, these individuals are at an increased risk for myocardial infarctions and stroke. 7.
It can also be very costly when trying to treating a communicable disease that could have been prevented with a vaccine. Immunization will prevent you and others from contracting a disease as well as dealing with all the expenses that come along with treating that disease. Everyone should make getting vaccinated a priority for their health and for others.
The aneurysm that Loeys and Marfan contains is Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm. Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm is an abnormal bulging or ballooning of the portion of the aorta the passes through the chest. The most common cause is atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries(AHA) Risk factors may include, aging, genetic conditions such as Marfan and Loeys-Dietz Syndrome, Inflammation of the aorta, injury from falls or other trauma, and or, Syphilis. A patient with Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm may not have or experience any symptoms until it begins to leak blood into the nearby tissue or expand. There are many symptoms such as hoarseness, swallowing problems, swelling in neck, chest or upper back pains, and many more to include.
Mechanical malfunctions of the heart is when there is a lack of oxygen to the myocardium that leads to the inability of the heart to pump or contract in an area. If the area is large enough, the heart can die. Electrical malfunctions of the heart is the heart pumping too quickly, too slowly, or an irregular heart rhythm. The assessment process for evaluating a cardiac arrest patient is check for pulse, check if the patient is breathing, determining alertness (AVPU) by tapping their leg then begin CPR immediately, use an AED on the patient and applying a bag-valve-mask with
Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome has many factors, stages and severities of the disease which could predict an outcome differently for each individual case. However if left untreated HLHS can be fatal. The left side of the heart is unable to supply blood to the rest of the body therefore the right side of the heart has to work harder to compensate for it. The right ventricle can support this circulation but will eventually cause right sided heart failure. Babies have two routes that can help support and carry blood between the left and right ventricles.
AFib treatment options vary depending upon the severity of the disease and the underlying reasons or diseases that caused it to occur. Atrial fibrillation, also known as AFib, must be treated on a case-by-case basis in order to reduce the risk of other health problems or complications. Understanding AFib AFib occurs when the uppermost chambers of the heart beat irregualry and uncoordinated with the lower two chambers. AFib often causes a fast heartbeat that is irregular, chest pain, difficulty breathing, heart palpitations, weakness and dizziness. AFib episodes may happen sporadically or become chronic and occur regularly.
The words “venous thromboembolism” is broken apart into two separate words. “Venous”, or having to do with veins, refers to its direct capability of affecting veins, arteries, and other blood vessels. The blood clot will clog up the vein and will require surgery to clear the blockage. The word “thromboembolism” is a term given to the forming of a “thrombus”, the name for the blood clot that forms within the vein. Another term which is used frequently is “thrombosis” which is just another word for the blood clot forming deep inside a blood
Paints often develop difficulty breathing, cough, and wheezing. The pancreas is also frequently damaged in cystic fibrosis, which leads to recurrent pancreatitis, abdominal pain, diabetes, and malabsorption of nutrients. Patients that do not receive treatment typically progress and develop end-stage lung and pancreatic disease that may require organ transplantation. Due to the importance of this condition,
Pseudoaneurysm A pseudoaneurysm happens when an artery is injured and blood leaks out to form a sac-like bulge. The bulge can break open, causing bleeding in the nearby tissues. CAUSES The most common cause of this condition is a procedure such as an angiogram in which a thin tube (catheter) is inserted into an artery. After an angiogram, the insertion site on the artery should close back up all the way. If it does not, blood may leak out of the artery.