After Old Major dies, the pigs a point themselves as the leaders, as pigs are “recognized as being the cleverest of the animals”. At the start of their reign they worked honestly to serve the animals and towards a common cause; the revolution. They continue the work that Old Major started. However, as they grow more corrupt they begin to use intelligence and education to oppress the other animals. Their greed overcomes their honesty and they use their superior intellect to fool and manipulate the other animals.
The lesson shown in this story is that power can corrupt a society. Old Major, the wisest pig, says that after he dies the animals should rebel against the farmer and start their own government so that every animal can be happy and be equal. Old Major dies, a new leader must be chosen. Two pigs (Napoleon and Snowball) decide to be leaders and try to get the animals’ votes. Napoleon sends the guard dogs to attack Snowball, after that he runs away and doesnt come back.. Napoleon then become ruler, and is said to be a very good, wise pig.
Napoleon has also released many chants to help rally the animals on the farm. The satire present here is that the altering of the ten commandments effectively portray how the absurd the concept is. There is no way that animals could become, “more equal” than others. In the beginning of the novel, Old Major expressed that the animals shall overcome their oppressors, but the pigs become the oppressors. Through their chants and the ten commandments, the citizens are brainwashed to believe that everything is just and fair because when the commandments and chants were first written or said, everyone was in agreement, and believed it was fair.
fools! do you not see what is written on the side of that van…’Alfred Simmonds, Horse Slaughterer and Glue Boiler, Willingdon’... They are taking Boxer to the knacker’s! ... word went round that from somewhere or other the pigs had acquired the money to buy themselves another case of whisky” (. This contrast shows throughout the course of the book the pigs took advantage of the farm to an even greater effect as time went on.
Some people may use the argument that Jack Merridew from Lord of the Flies, as well as Napoleon from Animal Farm become corrupt once they gained power. Power were able to corrupt Jack, and Napoleon by making them avaricious for power. In Lord of the Flies Jack Merridew asserts “"I ought to be chief," said Jack with simple arrogance, "because I 'm chapter chorister and head boy. I can sing C sharp.". Jack Merridew became power hungry and corrupt before he gained the authority of island’s hunters.
I suspected that this had something to do with Clover. The previous year Clover was retired from the hard labor, but was reassigned to child care. She was in charge of all the children, including the pigs. Originally the pigs had planned on disposing of Clover since she was no longer an “asset.” As soon as I had heard this piece of news I quickly gathered all the discriminating evidence of the pigs wrongs and threatened them in a way to make it seem they would lose their power. As all of the pigs were panicking, Napoleon looked me calmly in the eye and asked me what I wanted.
In sheer malignity, thinking to set back our plans and avenge himself for his ignominious expulsion, this traitor has crept here under cover of night and destroyed our work of nearly a year." (73) In this part, Napoleon has separated between the animals in the farm as “us" and Snowball as “the enemy”. Also, he described Snowball 's state, which is a lie, by using the word “malignity” which means malevolence. This time, as the windmill not only has high sentimental value to the animals but also stands for their pride, the animals begins to learn that Snowball is genuinely guilty and think out ways of catching him. Therefore, the hate speech in this part can be considered in the type of incitement in the construction of hatred, intentional discrimination to the targeted group to create “they” and “us", and incitement to make violence to the targeted
Out of all the pigs, Napoleon is particularly clever and opportunistic. In the story, Napoleon symbolizes the evil dictator/tyrant that brainwashes his subjects and manipulates them into thinking a certain way, and he does this through force. He trains nine dogs as his security guards and uses them to intimidate the others and force them into listening to him. He uses death as punishment to anyone that speaks or does anything against him and what he wants. “When they had finished their confession, the dogs promptly tore their throats out,
Though every animal is aware of the fact that Snowball was the honest and dedicated leader but they easily got carried away by the words and the speech of Squealer. In order to justify the act of brutally killing and selling animals Squealer gives them the new song written by Minimus. Squealer very carefully chooses his words and play around them. The animals are not able to understand the hidden motive behind it and falls victim to his words. When Napoleon overthrew Snowball and became the dictator then there were some changes in the seven commandments.
Squealer using his sharp tongue becomes Napoleon’s spokesperson and the dogs become his personal guards. He continues to use deceptive tactics, like blaming any loss on Snowball, and by lying to animals (e.g. circumstances of Boxer’s demise), Napoleon starts changing the rules and gains much more power. He alters the wording of the commandments to suit his needs. Under his leadership, the farm is attacked by Mr. Fredrick, a neighbouring farmer who destroys the windmill.