The most important cause of the Democratic Revolutions of the seventeen-seventy's and the eighteen-ten’s was political because the people did not have a voice in the government. Before the French Revolution, France was ruled by monarchies. Kings and queens ruled France and had the power of its people. For example, in the article of the “ French Revolution” it states that during their ruling time, they enjoyed his power by using the “ Letter de Cachet” to arrest innocent people. As well, they did not care about their citizens. This proves that politics was one of the most important causes of the Democratic Revolution because the monarchs did not care of hurting the people by imprisoning innocent people without giving them any trial. As well, before the revolution in Venezuela, Spain at that time ruled Venezuela as a colony.
The most successful and efficient way for a large population to remain stable is for it to be unified under a single governmental body. But once people are subjected to those governmental powers, the lines between legality and personal freedoms blur. In France, the clear definition of legal freedoms and basic human rights is found in the Declaration of the Rights of Man, written in 1789. The document clearly defines the basic human rights that all citizens of France, and all the citizens of the world for that matter, are entitled to. The Declaration of the Rights of Man is an important document because it clearly states the rights of the formerly oppressed peoples, brought about stability in a time of chaos, had intellectual authors, and is still
The American revolution and the French Revolution are two major incidents happened in the 1700s, which had intense social impacts on both French and American societies. In general, the American Revolution was more successful than the French revolution. The similarity between them is that the citizens in both countries, both faced the block of common economical development of the government. However, there is a difference that makes the American revolution succeeded while the French revolution doesn’t. The American Revolution turned the American society into a republic, as the French Revolution eventually led the French society into dictatorship and more chaos in the
“They wanted me to be another George Washington” – Napoleon. This was a quote was said by Napoleon Bonaparte, himself. Napoleon intentionally conceded to the fact that he had betrayed the goals of the French Revolution. The values of the French Revolution were Liberty, Equality and Fraternity. Liberty of the people, in other words, the freedom of the people was extremely important to the French Revolution. The belief in equality was desired during the French Revolution, they wanted all citizens to be equal to one another. The belief in Fraternity was also very appreciated during the French Revolution, meaning they wanted peace between neighboring countries rather than war or battle. Napoleon Bonaparte ultimately
Due to their education, the working class understood how vastly dissimilar their standard of life was to the nobility and the clergy. The bourgeoisie were educated and had the means to obtain literature from around the world. They, thus, knew what the standard of life should be, how the upper estates were living, and what their life was actually like. This caused an immense amount of resentment (Document 4). The American Revolution also greatly influenced the French rebels. In 1783, only six years before the French Revolution broke out, the Americans successfully rebelled against the English king. This proved that a revolution could actually happen and that rebelling against Louis XVI could have positive effects. The success of the American Revolution inspired them (Document 5). During the Enlightenment, major philosophers like John Locke emerged and questioned the role or power of the government. Born after the English Civil War, John Locke discussed how people had natural rights like life, liberty, and property, which needed to be protected by the government. If this was not being done, he proclaimed that the people had the right to rebel. Other philosophers also convinced the French people about the corruption and misdeeds of the French monarchy. For example, Baron de Montesquieu frequently spoke that there should be a separation of power in
On the contrary, others may argue that the French Revolution did fulfill the ideas of the enlightenment. Those in opposition, claim that the age of enlightenment provided people with equal rights, promising ideas of life,liberty and property. For instance, according to “The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the citizen” it states, “Men are born and remain free and equal in rights. Social distinctions may be founded only upon the general good. The purpose of all political association is the preservation of the natural and imprescriptible rights of man. These rights are life, liberty, property,security, and resistance to oppression.” These philosophies were violated and corrupted the purpose of the enlightenment. According to the Napoleonic code, March 24 1804, it states “The husband owes protection to his wife, the wife obedience to her husband”. This clearly portrays how obsolete France’s social reforms were, only further assisting the stringent sexist ideals implemented into France’s administrative constitution. Hence, although some may dispute the claim that the French Revolution fulfilled the principles of the enlightenment, the transparency of the situation gives context to the bloodshed and
From the 13th to 15th century, liberty, justice, and equality were not very common. During this time the feudal system was already very well established. Kings ruled by divine right which meant they were appointed by God, but in 1215 the barons began to question these rights. The barons rebelled against King John and the Magna Carta soon served as a peace treaty. Many major documents in history have have used the Magna Carta’s ideology and developed them into new sets of laws pertaining to all people. The following Charters have recognized the rights of human beings and have laid the foundation for our current governments proving that they are cherished not only in England or the Western World, but by all men everywhere who believe that only
The militaristic inclination of France during the late 18th and early 19th century was the culmination of the idealism of the newly adopted French political system, and the abrupt character of French people's motivation to implement these ideals. As discontent with the despotic system of government in France increased in magnitude and scale, the will to fight in order to achieve equality became gained momentum. Factors such as the rapid spread of enlightenment ideals, the socio-economic inequity of the three estate system, and leaders’ utilization of French citizens’ new sense of justice to incite warfare, all come together to create an militaristic, imperial French nation.
to the curtailing of the estates’ rights under King Louis XIV, who attempted to rule as an absolute autocrat and was later executed for this. The Enlightenment made it permissible for people to speak and question the rights of the time. After the Enlightenment, social rights, religious rights, and gender rights were expanded and advanced.
According to document B, during the revolution the french declared war on Austria. this on its own means many things like protecting the people rights from an invading enemies but it doesn't change the fact that people die in these wars, you can't have your freedom if you're dead. According to document G, the speech of Robespierre about how the outside threats and inside threats must be smother or die trying. This shows that he would ring unnecessary conflict that could be avoided and make people live to have their freedom.
An important cause to the French revolution was impact of economics and how they lived. The third class did not like the absolute monarchy which they where ruled under. They did not think it’s right for them to be dirt poor and King Louis XIV and Queen Marie Antoinette to live in
The high taxes, high prices on goods, and unequal distribution of wealth in France were reasons why the French Revolution started. There were three estates in France; the first estate was the clergy, the second estate were the nobles, and the third estate was made up of of three groups; average French workers, Bourgeoisie, and peasants. The French Revolution led to many wars; Louis XVI was a very weak leader, and he was executed. Napoleon Bonaparte became emperor, and the revolution came to an end. The main causes of the French Revolution were the difficult life of the peasants; the issues between the three estates; and the unfairness of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen.
This essay will address the French Revolution and the degree to which it can be aptly described as “revolutionary.” How revolutionary was the French Revolution? Was the storming of the Bastille, the destruction of feudalism, and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen of a fundamental and radical and revolutionary nature, or, alternatively, simply a series of historical events that results in the supplanting of one authoritarian regime for another and at great cost in
hroughout the mid-nineteenth century in the United States, the reform movements that swept through the nation led to a great expansion of democratic ideas through increased rights and the betterment of the quality of life. Since the birth of the US through the early nineteenth century, the primary goal of all citizens and governmental leaders was to establish a solidified nation and to secure the laws and rights outlined in the Declaration of Independence and later, the US Constitution. Jumping forward to the 1820s, the young country faced numerous challenges to the prosperity of its citizens, bringing forth a slew of reform movements to do just that.
Maximilien de Robespierre wrote the speech On the Revolutionary Government in order to rally the French citizens to support the revolution to save it from enemies within the government itself and because he believed that the revolutionary government has to act in a way the constitutional government can’t for multiple reasons.