Malcolm X Ran into the same trouble Gandhi had, but was arrested for burglary and sentenced to 10 years in prison and got the nickname Satan for the teaching of hatred towards God and learned of the prophet Muhammad. When Malcolm X had been released from prison he had felt he needed to teach the teachings of
When his psychologist Thomas Eliseo was called to the stand, he testified that Gacy suffered from borderline schizophrenia, multiple personality disorder and antisocial behavior. Two hours after closing statements the jury came to a verdict of guilty. He was sentenced to serve 12 death sentences and 21 natural life sentences. He was imprisoned at the Menard Correctional Center for nearly fifteen years, appealing the sentence and attempting to offer contradictory statements on the murders while conducting interviews. John Wayne Gacy was convicted for the death of 33 men and receive the death penalty after being sent to the Menard Correctional center.
Dred and Harriet Scott had been held captive in free territory and then brought back to a slave state. The case started and progressed into a notorious decision that took 11 years to make by the United States Supreme Court. In the end, freedom was not achieved after several years of fighting for it. The era of reconstruction brought the court case of Plessy vs. Ferguson which is a case of the law being tested by black American men whom test constitutionality by sending one of the men (a mulatto) in their group to sit in the white seating compartment and is challenged by the conductor, eventually arrested and charged with violating state law. Ferguson won the case in the end and in the not-so-immediate future, the Brown vs. Board case
Some Attica prisoners began to identify themselves as political prisoners rather than convicted criminals. These events were the perfect concoction to create a four-day mass riot. The Monroe Fordham Regional History Center’s “Attica NOW!” collection contains interviews of Attica inmates who recount daily mistreatment from guards and rules that were abused by guards to punish inmates. These interviews also talk about the lack of educational opportunities and the fact that they were forced to perform slave labor (Slade). During the 1960’s and 1970’s President Nixon declared a war on drugs causing the demographic of criminals to shift as Attica was now a dumping ground for African Americans and Hispanics facing drug charges, causing Attica to become overcrowded, and increased the already poisonous racial atmosphere in the prison.
In the summer of 1964, a movement called freedom summer took place which was an activist movement to get African Americans in the southern states to vote. The movement was led by an activist group called Congress on Racial Equality or CORE. Three civil rights workers were killed by members of the Ku Klux Klan. On June 21,1964, the three activist movements were declared deceased. The three civil rights worker was: two white males, Michael Schwerner, a 24 year old from Brooklyn, New York, and Andrew Goodman, a 20 year old from New York, New York and an African American James Chaney, a 21 year old from Meridian, Mississippi.
They impacted the world with their big efforts. Mandela was a leader in African National Congress. The story says that “he was in a political party that opposed South Africa’s policy of racial segregation.” Mandela became the world’s best-known political prisoner. In the story it says, “he was sentenced to life prison, but he never gave up.” In 1990 he was released, and became South Africa’s first black president.
Ben Chester White On January 5, 1899, Ben Chester White, an African American, was born. About sixty-seven years later, on June 10, 1966, White was shot and murdered near Pretty Creek in Natchez, Mississippi. His murderers were three hate-filled gunmen that were incorporated with the Ku Klux Klan, which is a group of people who believe that whites are more superior than blacks. The reason they wanted to murder White was to give Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. a motive to come to Natchez, White had no involvement in the Civil Rights Movement, until his devastating murder. Ever since he was born, White spent most of his life working for a white family, on the Carter family farm around the east of Natchez.
As he got older he led battles into Pottawatomie (a pro-slavery settlement) to protest the mistreatment of slaves. After numerous battles at Pottawatomie, whites people would write that John Brown was practically a cold-blooded killer and he had no reason to kill. The same thing happened at Harper 's Ferry, but he was captured. Brown went to trial that same year and was sentenced to the death penalty. Some say that his lawyers and family came up with a story that he was mentally ill, in effort to escape the death penalty but that didn’t work.
Frederick Douglass published two similar versions of his fight with the ‘slave-breaker’ Edward Covey in the tenth chapter of his The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass: An American Slave, and in the seventeenth chapter of My Bondage and My Freedom. By comparing the two accounts it is possible to see an evolution of his thoughts on abolishing slavery and person hood which occurred in the years which transpired between the two works, 1845 and 1855. In the first account which Douglass wrote at around the age of 27 he narrates a physical confrontation where he refuses to allow himself to be whipped. Douglass struggles for two hours with Covey and also fights off Covey’s cousin at the same time. After the exhausted Covey gives up Douglass
NELSON MANDELA Nelson Mandela is one of the influence people in the 20th century politics. He was the first black president of South Africa from 1994 to 1999 and elected by fully representative democratic election. He was also a politician, an activist, fighting against HIV/AIDS in Africa, promoting global peace and South African anti apartheid revolutionary. One thing that he did for the Africans and affects the world was about to end the apartheid, a system that try to separated the races of black skin over white skin people in South Africa. Because of him right now there is no differentiate between those people again.