There were very few theologians and chaplains in the Confederacy, because no emphasis was put on religion throughout the war. The Confederacy was more eager to have “fighting men” then “preaching men”. Although Davis was not apt to teach religion in the camps, not all the soldiers were built up that way. Many commanding officers did their best to spread the Gospel throughout the camp and encourage each other. Jackson himself tried to declare and avoid fighting on the Sabbath.
In exasperation of the Angelica church, not following the scriptures, early puritans came to America to escape persecution. Puritans believed that God had formed a unique covenant, or agreement with them. They believed in a new sect in which God’s law was held supreme. They believed that the bible and its message were above man’s law, and therefore that , it was the key to salvation. Most of the dissenters settled in New England, and it was in these new colonies that they establish a close-knit community governed by absolute religious faith and strict discipline.
Due to the lack of technological advances at the time, the demand or need for fast, efficient, mass production of agricultural goods was only met by slave labor. Unfortunately, at the time slavery was by far the most efficient method of labor, and it served as a foundation for basic American economics, politics, and social issues. Slavery propelled the United States to the economic powerhouse that it is today largely due to success in the cotton and tobacco industries, so the need for slavery at the time was for rapid economic growth. Slavery at the time was also a huge sign of social status “buying a slave was a way of coming into their own in a society in which they were otherwise excluded from full participation” Buying slaves allowed slaveholders to buy their economic and social independence. The purchase of a
Southern states like Alabama, Maryland, the Carolinas, Tennessee, and Georgia had large fertile land for cropping. Southern plantation owners bought and transported slaves in order for the slaves to work on their cotton or tobacco farms. Many slaves were brought to the Southern states against their own will, most were ripped away from their families, and most were treated horrible by their owners. As more slaves were brought to the
“I was seldom whipped by my old master, and suffered little from anything else than hunger and cold” (Douglass 8). He was rarely given his allowance of food and clothing so his clothes was in bad shape. Douglass thought he was going to be a slave for life. Before Douglass became literate he was in a plantation
Slave ownership was relatively widespread. By the 1700s, all the American colonies of European countries had African slaves. By using a system of codes to limit and govern the slaves’ life, slave owners made their slaves completely dependent on them. Some slaves lived in almost nonhuman conditions, harshly controlled by their masters, while others enjoyed flexibility and autonomy. Masters provided cheap clothing and shoes for their slaves.
Most large leaders in the North and South saw this distinction, and it was heavily credited as the leading factor of the Civil War. Raw cotton even after it became ‘profitable’ to sell was highly dependent on external forces, which meant that growing it was risky because it was a highly nutrient demanding crop. This meant that after using a field a few times for cotton production that you would have to move on, or grow something much less profitable. Only the top portion of the farmers in the South could afford to sustainably, and profitably produce cotton in large amounts. Most farmers in the South had much smaller farms, and more often than not would go into debt.
Slaves were enslaved for life and were sold or traded as property, not as an individual. Slaves usually worked in the fields all day and some worked in the house of the owner of the farm or plantation. “Each worker could raise about three acres of tobacco, but it was expensive to buy or lease a slave. The farmer had to balance the cost of an extra worker against the profit he would gain from planting more acres of tobacco. Small planters usually had fewer than five slaves, including children” (“What Was the Role of Children on an 18th-century Virginia Farm?”).
The Industrial Revolution started in the northeast and modernized The United States. In the New England state, there were more poor people than there were wealthy. In the southern states, people relied on farming to make a living. As most people know, tobacco was a cash crop and was widely purchased throughout the south. It was also imported and distributed in other parts of the country.
The plantation system: The Plantation systems were created in the American south. The first plantations were in Virginia and Maryland where they grew tobacco. Tobacco was mostly grown by aristocrats living in estates. But this did not mean life was easy. The average 17th century plantations were hard to live on and small.
Aristocrats, small farmers, and slaves populated the southern colonies. With the rich fertile soil - farmers growing a surplus of tobacco and rice could no longer keep indentured servants and turned to the slave trade for the high demand. Goverments were set by counties to appoint head sheriffs. No predominate religions were held in the southern colonies besides the Catholic Church in
Northern Carolina and Southern Carolina Northern Carolina and Southern Carolina were very different. In Northern Carolina their main crop was tobacco instead of rice and many of the early settlers came from Virginia. The sounds were not deep enough to permit seaports, so the northern settlers kept their ties to Virginia in order to have a port from which they could ship tobacco. In Southern Carolina their main crop was rice and Indians were the first slaves the southern settlers had, and later African Americans took their place. Three counties that were in the Southern Carolina is Berkeley County, Colleton County, and Craven County.