The Northwest Coast Indians are believed to have begun living on the west coast area of what we now know as Alaska, Washington State, Oregon, California, and British Columbia, Canada over 10,000 years ago. The Bella Coola, Haida, Nootka, and Tlingit are just a few of the tribes that make up the Northwest Coast Indians who were known as the richest Native American’s due to the large quantity of natural resources that were available to them in this region. Living along the coast, there was so much fish available for them to eat. They enjoyed such fish as salmon, halibut and cod. They also ate oysters and clams. Occasionally they would eat meat such as deer and bear, but the fish was the main source of food in their diet. The men were in charge of hunting and catching the fish. They used nets, spears and traps to catch their food. The women gathered oysters, clams and berries. Women were also in charge of cooking the …show more content…
They made cooking boxes, canoes, masks for storytelling and totem poles out of cedar wood. Totem poles were carved with a curved knife and were painted with paints made from such items as berries, seashells and charcoal. Paintbrushes were made out of human hair or porcupine hair. Totem poles were used to tell stories or a family’s history since they had no written language. This was the way they were able to record stories and the details of important events that were past down from generation to generation. Northwest Indian’s also did a lot of weaving. They used cedar bark to make baskets, hats, blankets and mats. They would also weave colored grass into these items to make them colorful. Indian children liked playing guessing and laughing games and a version of tug a war called pole pull. They also played a form of lacrosse where villages or tribes would play each against each other. Boys enjoyed playing with a smaller version of the canoe and girls spent time caring for their
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There is only stone tools that we the people us to survive, stone spears to hunt, also you have to make you own bow and arrows to survive in the hunting grounds. Only the men are allowed to go hunting, the woman’s stay home, cook, clean and take care of the kids. The kids between 10 and 18 have to collect wild barriers from the forest. One of the major regions is the mountains; we use it to collect fresh water for the tribe. Another major region is the ocean, which we hunt down big fish.
The Chinook Indians were a tribe of Native Americans who lived in the Pacific Northwest. They lived along the coast of what is now Oregon and Washington State. The men used bow and arrows for hunting elk, deer and sea mammals. The women gathered other food such as shellfish, clams, roots and berries. The Chinook were very skilled traders.
While they had similar tools, the materials used and the purposes for these tools varied immensely. Coastal tribes had a bigger need for tools to brave the Pacific with and hunt for whales and fish. So they crafted beautiful canoes and harpoon points out of animal bones, and a uniquestyle of fishing hooks. They were also among the first Native Americans to use Iron in their tools. Bark from cedar and other trees was also essential to the Coastal tribes for weaving things like rope, headbands, baskets and even clothing.
The characteristics of the modern Northwest Coast tribes that struck me the most was the lifestyle that they live in reservations. There is really no difference between reservations large or small even though some reservations might have more resources then the other there is still vale of darkness over these reservations. The American government had begun to declare specific pieces of land located in the West as Native reservation in the 1850s and 1860s. The main reasons were to open up more land for settlers that were headed to the west and to distinguish and keep peace between these settlers and Indians. Most reservations were large but not big enough didn’t compare to the land that Native were use to.
Do you know about the Native Americans in the Pacific Northwest? Well here are some facts about it: It 's located on the Northwest side of America. It’s name is Pacific Northwest because it’s on the border line of the Pacific Ocean and it’s on the northwest side. There was around 18 different tribes in the Pacific Northwest and there was around 250,000 Native Americans.
Native American Research: Chief Pontiac Intro Chief Pontiac is a Native American that is important to the United States’ history. He was a part of the Ottawa tribe and led the American Indians to a revolution also known as the Pontiac War or Pontiac’s Rebellion, which was against the British when they first came to America. He wasn’t afraid to die for his rights. He believed that they all had rights to live in America and to live how they wanted to live. I chose him for my Native American Research because he was a courageous Native American hero.
Before the Spanish ship that changed it all, which arrived in the “New World” in 1492, thriving organized communities of native people had centuries of history on the land. That ship, skippered by Christopher Columbus, altered the course of both Native American and European history. 1492 sparked the fire of cultural diffusion in the New World which profoundly impacted the Native American peoples and the European settlers. Prior to European contact, Native Americans lived as hunter-gatherers, living and traveling in groups of typically less than 300 people. These Native Americans spoke over 400 languages and practiced a myriad of different religions (The American Pageant).
They fished for mostly salmon, and collected native plants and roots like the camas bulb. “Buffalo served as the most significant source of food and raw material for the tribe 's” (History of the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes). They would go around collecting foods to eat during the winter months. The Bannocks may have had to work for quite a bit of they year but they still found time to play games and have very amusing traditions.
Ownership of land was the concept of private property that one person or group owned permanent, absolute control of a part of land. This was difficult to understand for many Native Americans because they have practiced a communistic land system for a long period of time. Land was not a product, perceptible, or an inert item that could be sized and sold. The Native Americans never established a structure or civilization of personal land ownership. Their land was not possessed by people and instead belonged to the community as a whole.
The Hoh Native American tribe has lived amongst the Nature Bridge camp for many centuries and has many interesting topics to study such as the reservation, people, food, clothing, recreation, religion, myths and legends, the age of the tribe, and the important events on the history of the tribe. Because of these, the tribe is rich in history and culture, making it a great essay topic to study for my Nature Bridge trip of 2017. The Hoh generally live in the northwestern part of Washington, and they have an entire reservation where a majority of their population lives. This reservation is on the Pacific coast, on the mouth of the Hoh River.
The article “Seattle's Native American art reconnects with Salish tribes' traditions” on theguardian.com said that it's impossible to picture the Pacific Northwest tribes without the image of a totem pole. “Considered by many as the emblem of the native people of North America, the poles have been the iconic symbol of the region since the late 19th century… The tradition of art-making focused on smaller, personal objects or interior houseposts shown only to select guests.” Masks were carefully carved from cedar trees into many sizes and shapes with different patterns. From the grasses, rushes, roots and bark, they made baskets and weaved mats.
Native Americans are the indigenous people of the United States, they have an extensive rich history, and stories of sorrow and bravery. Within the lower 48 states are the Great Plains American tribes, these tribes live in a region where there are few trees with valleys and rolling hills. This is where the Ponca Tribe of Oklahoma as well as many other tribes resides in. With quite a dearth tribe, their highest population being 3,522 present day, but although they weren’t large they are known for their abounding cultural tradition and past. The Ponca tribe of Oklahoma had a mixed culture of the Middle Mississippi and Plains people.
The Cherokee, also known as the Tsalagi, are one of the indigenous peoples of the Southeast. The word Cherokee comes from the name Choctaw which means ‘those who live in the mountains’. They inhabited Georgia, the Carolinas and Tennessee. The Cherokee were a fascinating tribe with intriguing aspects to their culture.
From colonial times until the end of the Indian Wars in 1890, the people in America went through a series of unfair and unfortunate events. Mainly for the Indians which are also called the first peoples. These events could have been handled with much more consideration for the Indians. There are many times when the Americans went too far including the Removal Act of 1830, the Reservation System, and the Act for the Government and Protection of Indians.