III. Daptomycin, Linezolid and Rifampin Combination Therapy for MRSA Meningitis and Bacteremia MRSA Meningitis is an uncommon cause of bacterial meningitis accounting for about 10% of all cases. Recently, there has been an increase in that number, which is worrying since MRSA Meningitis is related to high mortality, rates (Kelesidis et al, 2011). Combining the daptomycin, rifampin, and linezolid has also been identified as an effective way of treating and preventing the MRSA meningitis and bacteremia in most patients (Chambers, 2001). This treatment was found effective especially for patients that are allergic to the Vancomycin.
Small breaks in the epidermis become infected and the sensitive subcutaneous layer and deeper tissues are damaged. Eventually, the tissue dies. Pressure ulcers occur most often in disabled patients. With appropriate care, pressure ulcers are avoidable, but they can progress very quickly in patients who are very old or very ill.” (Tortora, 2011) “Pressure ulcer disease signifies a serious medical problem. Roughly, 500,000 new cases are reported each year in the United States alone.
Countries like Nigeria, Uganda, Ethiopia, and Democratic Republic of Congo signify just about an average of the worldwide malaria death. Malaria is the second driving reason for death from irresistible infections in Africa, after HIV/AIDS. Right around 1 out of 5 deaths of kids under 5 in Africa is because of malaria. The issue of Malaria in Nigeria Malaria is a noteworthy general medical issue in Nigeria where it represents more cases and deaths than whatever other nation on the planet. Malaria is a hazard for 97% of Nigeria's populace.
About eighty percents of Malaysian that are diagnosed with colorectal cancer are above fifty years old and the aging trend of the Malaysians may add to the prevalence. According to Rashid, Aziz, Ahmad, Shah & Sagap, (2009), majority of the patients in Malaysia manifested colorectal cancer in a late stage with poor prognosis, which indeed generates health burden due to poor quality of life and incur high medical
The epidemiology of fungal infections has changed during the last decade as well as dramatic improvements can be seen in the antifungal therapies . Eventhough there is remarkable progress in diagnostic and antifungal drug research during the past 10 years, there still exists difficulties in prompt diagnosis and the complexity of the clinical characteristics makes the management of invasive fungal infections a great challenge. Fungal infections affect millions of people throughout the world and can be classified into three groups namely superficial, subcutaneous, and systemic mycoses. Superficial infections are mainly confined to mucous membrane, skin nails and hair. The most common fungal infections of the skin are dermatophytoses, pityriasis versicolor, and candidiasis.
In United States, intestinal ischemia accounts for 0.1% of all hospital admissions, the incidence of this condition has increased over the last few decades ( from 1 in 1000 to 1 in 200 hospitalization for abdominal pain). In most cases, intestinal ischemia requires emergency treatment to avoid tissue necrosis, infectious outcomes, septic shock or lethal multiple organ failure . Intestinal ischemia has been defined as impairment of the intestinal blood supply from celiac axis, superior mesenteric artery and inferior mesenteric artery, this results in tissue injury and a low-flow state with poor intestinal arterial perfusion [ 7]. Procalcitonin (PCT) is a 116-amino-acid (AA) precursor of calcitonin , that was first
There were approximately 14.1 million new cases of cancer diagnosed last 2012 which are expected to rise by about 70% over the next two decades. The top five cancers among men include lung, prostrate, colorectum, stomach and liver cancer. On the other hand, breast, colorectum, lung, cervix and stomach cancer are among the most common sites of cancer for women (De Martel, et.al, 2012). Furthermore, the WHO (World Health Organization) emphasized that cancer is now the leading cause of death worldwide accounting for 8.2 million deaths in 2012. Most of which is caused by lung cancer with almost a fifth of its incidence (1.59 million deaths).
Background and review of Literature 1. Background Hypertension consists one of the most important risk factors for Cardiovascular Disease. Approximately 30% of adults worldwide suffer from hypertension while 5% of them die from it (Cheriyan, et.al., 2010). It affects all ages, but middle-aged and elderly are the most afflicted. 75% of the hypertensive individuals are over 50 years old and it is certain that six out of ten people over the age of 60 will have high blood pressure.
In 2000-2004 New Zealand health survey reported that, around 18% for Maori deaths are because of ischemic heart disease, whereas 23% of non-Maori (Robson & Harris, 2007). Stroke: Robson & Harris, (2007) describes that Stroke is a sudden interruption of blood flow to a part of the brain, causing damage to the brain cells is also known as ‘brain attack’. Stroke is the leading cause of mortality as well as disability in New Zealand. The main risk factors are high blood pressure and smoking. Surveys showed that around 800 Maori were admitted to hospital each year in that 140 per year die from stroke.
This bacteria cause estimated 73,000 cases of infection in U.S and from these case 60 deaths is recorded each year. The symptom of watery diarrhea is can be seen in the range 1-8 days and the worst can lead to bloody diarrhea. Other symptoms that someone affecting this bacterium are nausea, vomiting, and fever. Besides, It is also can damage the kidney and cause death to children (Dewall, 1999) 2.2 Nutrition and Immunity Nutrition is