Nuclear fusion is the joining of two small atoms such as Hydrogen or Helium to produce heavier atoms. This reaction can release more energy than fission without producing radioactive by-products. Fusion reactions occur in the sun, using Hydrogen as fuel and producing Helium as waste. Nuclear fusion
In order to cause a fusion reaction, we must force together two atoms with enough energy, that the fuse and become one. This is much harder than it sounds, and that is due to the pesky force known as electromagnetism. Electromagnetism prevents atoms of a similar charge from getting near to each other, which is necessary for fusion. In order to get around electromagnetism, you need both pressure and heat. And lots of it.
On the contrary, this process can be used uncontrollably in atomic bombs, such as the ones dropped in World War II. The bombs, Fat Man, and Little Boy, affected over a total of 120,000 people. While they did end the war, they made it nearly impossible for people to sustain normal lives after it, with radiation causing abnormal body growth and birth defects. While thoughts of continuing Nuclear Fission in nuclear power plants for energy still exist, they are brought down by the effects of using Nuclear Fission in atomic bombs.
For example, not only are there high risks of potential meltdowns, but the nuclear waste that is is created is extremely toxic. Also, the energy source of nuclear energy is Uranium, which is a scarce resource, and its supply is estimated to last only for the next 30 to 60 years. Why are people choosing to build numerous nuclear power plants all over the world when we will eventually get stuck with them and their radioactive waste in a short period of time? The film The China Syndrome is fair to the nuclear industry because it explains the potenial dangers of a nuclear power plant realistically to the
When this happens, some atoms of the mass are split, and the neutrons produced by those splitting atoms strike nearby nuclei of other atoms, causing additional fission to occur. (This is known as a chain reaction.) When these atoms split, immense energy is released as the devastating explosion of the bomb. The gun-type bomb can only be fueled by the uranium isotope, U-235. Little Boy was one of the atomic bombs that were assembled this way and was powered by U-235.
There are also some interesting facts about the element plutonium. One of which is, that it was named after the dwarf planet Pluto ("It 's Elemental."). How it can hurt people is also quite interesting. Thanks to the radioactivity of plutonium, it can become quite toxic to the human body, it is usually stored in the bones and liver where it can stay for a very long time ("Plutonium Element Facts."). It also has some unique chemical abilities and/or properties when it is with other elements from the periodic table.
When Ulam told Teller about the idea, Teller combined them together in order to make the H-bomb more powerful.. If Teller were to replace Ulam’s plutonium tube with a separate container of fusion fuel, the same radiation pressure from the trigger explosion would compress and heat it, setting off a thermonuclear reaction (dailykos). Later on after this Teller added the idea of placing Ulam’s hollow plutonium tube (now known as the “spark plug”) inside the fusion fuel (dailykos). This would cause it to be imploded by the radiation pressure and explode which would cause the thermonuclear fuel to be more efficient. This later became known as the Ulam-Teller
Moreover, unlike fossil fuel, it will not cause serious air pollution. Therefore, an increasing number of countries are now developing it. However, after the two serious nuclear accidents - Chernobyl and Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disasters, the movement of anti-nuclear is keeping on emerging around the world. More and more people know that the consequence of nuclear accidents, especially these two major accidents, are disastrous to both the environment and our health. The radioactive material is still contaminating the air, water, and finally our food today.
Nuclear fission can be similar to nuclear fusion for example they both release heat energy. However, in nuclear fusion: • two nuclei must join together • Extremely high temperatures are needed. To develop further: Nuclear fusion is the joining of smaller nuclei to make larger ones. For example; Deuterium and Tritium form to make a bigger and heavier nucleus and Helium releases a lot of energy. Nuclear fusion also happens in stars.. Fission Fission is another word for splitting.
(Alvarez). It is dangerous as well, anyone working around nuclear weapons could set a nuclear weapon off, or long term effects such as cancer from the nuclear weapons if the substance used to make nuclear weapons is not properly stored or maintained. This danger makes any job concerning nuclear weapons have a very high salary that costs the U.S. even more money. Most nuclear weapons are never used outside of testing, how ever there were two, (the only two ever used in combat) the nuclear bombs dropped on hiroshima and nagasaki. Is the fact that nuclear bombs are not ever used a bad thing from a civilian point of view?