There is a statistic that gets thrown around a lot regarding how much of human communication is intimately tied to body language. When humans talk about gender and sexuality, speech becomes especially embodied, a performance for others to interpret, internalize, or judge. But if this is true, the speech-action dichotomy falters. Pornography, one of the ways humans communicate about gender and sexuality, is both action and speech. Catharine A. Mackinnon’s article Pornography, Civil Rights, and Speech is arguing for access to legal recourse to those who have been harmed by the pornography industry.
Society takes all this away from you even though you want to be your unique self. One person who I can truly call a nonconformist is my sister. She doesn’t live under society’s demands. She hasn’t let society consume her individuality. She doesn’t change her appearance to fit in.
She states that sexism comes from how women have been perceived sexually throughout history and that this heavily influences pornography. McClintock sets up this argument by saying “Women’s desire, by contrast, has been crimped and confined to history’s sad museum of corsets, chastity belts, the virginity cult and genital mutilation” (113). She is saying that women were never given the chance to define their sexual wants and sexual desires because they have always been decided for them. Her main argument is based on her belief that men and women have formed the way that women’s sexuality is portrayed, even before the porn industry existed. McClintock disputes that society wrongly accused women of not wanting to participate as sexual beings and therefore that assumption is why pornography is focused on satisfying the needs of men over the needs of
It encourages violence as opposed and oppression as opposed to the equality that the feminist movement intended. IV. How the Current State of the Market Encouraged Taylor Swift’s Feel-Good Feminism Selling sex to selling activism as a strategy Taylor Swift wasn’t always the ‘feminist’ that she claims to be, before her ‘empowering’ award speeches and squads, the young icon said in an interview that she does not want to be called a feminist. Marketplace feminism, based on Zeisler’s book, We Were Feminists Once, is a form of “branding feminism as an identity that anyone can and could consume.” The boom of feminism in pop culture led Taylor Swift and many artists went with the ‘trend’ that is feminism. Yet, majority fail to discuss sensitive issues that the media might think will not go well the audiences.
The “Teddy Girls” movement is sometimes mentioned in the aforementioned researches – but the only thing that can be found is that they focused solely on their makeup and clothes – and therefore are just being reduced to vapid beings while those analyses completely overlook their own political and societal views that also came with the aforementioned subcultures. Another example is also the Mod Girls, who “came to the attention of the commentators and journalists because of the general ‘unisex’ connotations of the subculture” (McRobbie and Garber, 1975). However, both authors make sure to remind
What is clear is the connection between militarism and sexism. For some extreme nationalists the U.S. Flag Code is above the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. The articles written attacking women for devaluing the flag by covering their breasts and butts, and not equally demanding respect of the flag to men who adorn it on their pants or t-shirts. A women’s right to express herself freely is not taken as serious as men’s right of expression.
Female characters propagate sex-positivity through their sexualization, and utilize it as a tool of shaping solidarity by eradicating the double standard concerned with male and female bodies (Pratl, 2009). Axel Alonso’s (2014) previous comments on the impossibility of “not sexualizing comic characters” are affirmed, as he mentions that not only physical ability and appearance take part in defining a character, but sex appeal as well. The argument that sexualizing female comic characters only leads to sexual objectification can only be countered by the cast of dynamic female characters the world of comics has to offer. Catwoman is an astute example of a multifaceted, well-rounded character that utilizes her sexuality to empower her and overthrow
Advertisements sell values, images, love and sexuality. Over the years advertisements have attempted a wide variety of advertising approaches like humor, sex, emotions. Advertisers use one of these appeals to ensure that the targeted audiences receive their message. The media’s framing of women in highly restricted and negative ways is a global phenomenon that cuts across all cultures and has endured a long passage of
According to Catherine Mackinnon a noted legal scholar and feminist, sexual harassment is "the unwanted imposition of sexual requirement in the context of a relationship of unequal power" (MacKinnon, 1979). Sexual harassment generally falls under two categories: quid pro quo harassment and hostile environment. In addition, the majority of victims reporting occurrences of case involving sexual harassment are women, and the lion 's share of reported aggressors are men. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission give legal response to casualties of such inappropriate behavior. A few sociologists relate the full coordination of women into the cutting edge workforce with an increment in cases of sexual harassment.
Choose one or two examples of media texts and explore how they might challenge or disrupt Mulvey’s concept of ‘the male gaze’. With the rise of the internet and social media, “feminism” has risen to its absolute peak. When asked what the term feminism actually is, the definition will vary based on the respondent. Ask an ordinary man, and the response would probably refer to women attacking or trying to over powering men, which has become a common misconception. In theoretical terms, “feminism” can be used to described as a movement for the equal rights and protection of women in economic, social, cultural and political aspects (Merriam Webster, 2016) (Bodenner, 2016).
Songs like Or Nah provide a stark example of issues which western society faces today, in particular, the objectification of women and the cultural obsession with gaining power and money. Despite there being a “clean” version of this song available, the subject matter within is definitely geared towards a mature audience, being rife with aggressively sexual content—connotations, suggestions, and favors all stated with the intent to coerce females into sexual situations. In spite of the explicit language and demeaning presentation of women, the song is highly viewed on YouTube and popular among teenagers and college-aged adults ("Ty Dolla $ign - Or Nah ft. The Weeknd, Wiz Khalifa & DJ
For example, in the Kappa Sigma email discussed earlier, the author wrote, “*Don 't fuck middle-eastern targets. […] You want your cock smelling like falafel? Filth” (Hartmann, “Frat Email Explains Women Are "Targets," Not "Actual People"). It is clear that the author saw Middle Eastern women as sex objects who, due to racist ideology, are not worthy of even that distinction. Earlier in the email, the author explained, “I will refer to females as "targets".
Completely ignored and degraded, she declares, while speaking with King Priam, that “Death never came, so now I can only waste away in tears” (134). Helen’s life is dependent on the men around her and whether or not she can appease them. While it is likely that she holds less power than women from humbler upbringings, Helen is overlooked even in scenarios where she is directly impacted (like in her second pseudo-marriage). The only things in her life that she has control over are her emotions and her sexuality. Chosen because she was the most beautiful, Helen is forced to utilize her sexual appeal in order to manipulate the world around
Now this type of statement was mostly used by males to use on females but now has a negative connotation representing victimhood. Some individuals believe that feminists sanction victimhood(Fiano). Which sounds legitimate since occurrences like that have happened in the very school I attend. With misogyny, sexual objectification, stereotyping being a trend in our society this idea of victimhood isn’t really far fetched. Unfortunately life becomes more difficult when society gives you guidelines that are seen as women like because everyone is different and should pursue their own