Although your motion relative to the sea floor is ONLY poleward, you have a certain eastward speed inherited from the earth’s rotation. As you move poleward, you keep this eastward speed, because you are not rigidly attached to the sea floor. But you are moving into a region where the eastward speed of the sea floor itself is SMALLER, because the latitude curlces are smaller. So your eastward speed is now greater than that of the sea floor, and you start drifting towards the east, relative to the sea floor. So you started moving poleward, but you are now moving both poleward and eastward.
The metaphor of the butterfly is used because a butterfly’s wings, which are fragile, do not cause a considerable amount of air when they flap their wings. However, that little movement may initiate a series of changes that grows so much that they eventually cause a large storm a tremendously amount of miles away. In the novel, “ A Sound of Thunder”, the butterfly effect occurs. The characters travel
A normal cycle pushes warm water to the western side of the ocean (near Asia and Australia) and colder water is then pushed in the east (near Ecuador, Peru and Chile). However, during El Niño, the wind gets weak and so the warm water in the west goes back to the east. As a result, the eastern Pacific ocean gets warm. So basically El Niño causes warmer water which leads to less phytoplankton. Because there is less Phytoplankton—the bases of the food wed—marine species are highly affected.
2. Ocean currents affect climate because it 's temperature affects the temperature of the air that passes over it.Therefore, that air can get hotter or cooler which might give a certain region a milder or damper climate. 2. a) For example, since the Labrador Current flows southward from the Arctic, it makes the air of coastal locations in Labrador
The Pacific Ocean’s water temperature can range from lower than the freezing point of water (29 degrees fahrenheit) to 86 degrees fahrenheit. These temperatures can vary because of the location of the Pacific Ocean, some areas are closer to the equator or on the equator. and others are farther north/south. The Pacific Ocean’s yearly weather pattern is pretty consistent the northern pacific is warmer because this area is closer to the equator and the southern part is colder because this area is closer to Antarctica.The Pacific Ocean has no seasons because the southern part is closer to Antarctica and Antarctica is always cold. Same with the northern part, the equator is always warm.
7,8 and 10). Most hurricanes form in the Atlantic Ocean because of the above mentioned conditions. When a hurricane is situated in warm water, the intensity of the storm increases because the warm water is the main source of energy along with the moist atmospheric conditions. Hurricane frequency depends heavily on what is called an El Niño. “El Niño refers to appearance of anomalously warm water along the coast of Ecuador and Peru as far south as Lima (12°S)” (Trenberth, 1997, p. 2771).
Introduction: Marine Science The oceans are part of the thin, outer shell of the Earth and marine science is the study of this envelope, from the deep sea to shallow coastal oceans: their biology, chemistry, geology and physics together make marine science a richly inter-disciplinary science. The oceans are dynamic and vast, they contain most of the Earth 's water and carbon and surface heat, and much of its biomass, but they do not operate alone. In collaboration with the atmosphere, continents and ice (cryosphere), they form a working machine, driven mostly by energy derived from the sun and the Earth’s interior and other substances found in space (Garrison, 2013). Marine Scientists focus their work on both practical or applied problems and
This theory implies that there are strange magnetic fields from the bottom of the ocean causing the compass to malfunction. It also suggests that as you enter the Bermuda Triangle, it is virtually impossible to get out. If you are traveling by ship, the magnetic seafloor will pull the ship in almost immediately. If it is a plane, the same effect will happen. A magnetic seafloor would lead to compass variation.
What happens is that since the air on the land takes less time to heat up than the air on the ocean, the warm air on the land starts to rise and expand. As the warm air rises the cold air flows into its place as, hence creating a flow of air, which is wind. During the night the opposite happens. The air on the land cools down faster than the air on the water, the same process occurs and wind is again created, meaning that a wind turbine can be used day and night. The only necessary condition for wind turbines to work is that there is wind, which turns the blades.
• Initial cost. • Inputs and Byproducts. • Environmental safety factors. Each of these sources has exclusive characteristics which manipulate how and where they are used among these sources. 1.1 Wind Energy System Wind is air in motion, it is due to uneven heating of earth surface by the sun rays.
For a cyclone to form, there needs to be horizontal divergence. It is needed because it would cause the process where the divergence air above the location which is cold merges when the surface air rises which is warm. The horizontal divergence brings the air that is on Earth’s surface upward, causing a cyclone to form in the atmosphere. 10. The hydrostatic equilibrium is where the atmosphere vertical pressure gradient force and the force of gravity are equal and the both are balanced with one another.
The hurricane will continue to grow stronger as long as there is a supply of warm, moist air and water to feed it. This air and water is found above warm, tropical ocean waters near the equator. A hurricane weakens the farther it moves away from the equator. When a hurricane moves into areas with cooler ocean water, it weakens. Hurricanes also weaken if they travel over land.
When the sun and moon are not aligned, the gravitational forces cancel each other out, and the tides are not as dramatically high and low, these are called neap tides. When the moon is full or new, the gravitational pull of the moon and sun are combined. At these times, the high tides are very high and the low tides are very low. This is known as a spring high tide. Spring tides are especially strong tides spring tides occur during full and new moon phases showing that they do not correlate with Spring.
Icy fronts are normally went with regions of low weight. Winds blow counter-clockwise around a territory of low weight in the Northern Hemisphere. In view of this, the wind heading before a frosty front passes would normally be out of the south or southwest with warm air temperatures. After the cool front passes, the winds would move to out of the west or northwest and the air temperature would relentlessly