As an emergency treatment if the pulp is not involved, the fracture should be stabilized. Once the final treatment is decided upon, the options may range from removal of the fractured segment, removal of the fractured segment along with gingivectomy or osteotomy, removal of the fractured segment along with orthodontic extrusion, decoronation (if implant will be placed later in order to preserve alveolar bone, or extraction. These options will vary depending on the amount of fractured root and the clinical situation. If the pulp is involved, the pulp’s vitality should be preserved especially if the tooth has an open apex. The same treatment options are available as the previous situation, however, pulp therapy must be performed.
Class III fracture is fracture involving the pulp and Class IV is fractures of the root. Treatment: In Ellis Class III, the tooth is covered with calcium hydroxide cement as an emergent treatment. Endodontic treatment is the final call. In Class IV, the tooth is extracted. If lesser than one third of the root is affected, then it may be salvaged.
2 It was developed in the late 1940s in the research laboratories of Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. (Macclesfield, England). Aqueous solutions of 0.1% to 0.2% have been used for plaque removal purpose, while 2% is the concentration of root canal irrigants usually found in the endodontic literature.6 Ruiz-Esparza et al.10 reported that 2% chlorhexidine (CHX) showed a greater reduction of intracanal bacterial loading and suggested that this irrigating solution is an alternative for pulpectomy treatment of necrotic primary teeth. But it may be cautioned here that chlorhexidine is unable to dissolve necrotic tissue remnants and it is less effective against gram negative bacteria which predominate the primary endodontic infections. Also, the constant increase in antibiotic resistance and side effects caused by the synthetic agents, has led to search for other natural
You must follow the dentist's tips regarding flossing and cleaning your bridges to make sy=ure thayt food particles do not get In order to avoid decay and pain, you are required to put in extra effort to make sure that your dental bridges remain clean and strong. Your dentist will give you tips on how to floss and clean your dental bridges in order to prevent decay as well as food particles from getting stuck and impacted between your bridges, gum tissues and natural
Each element has its own toxicology profile and how these elements are useful to the human system (Klaassen, 2001). Dental amalgams deteriorate due to a number of causes, namely; mastication, vigorous teeth brushing, oral temperature increase and abrasion. When the dental amalgam is damaged it tends to release a mercury vapour or little pieces of amalgam which are ingested into the system with beverages or food (SCENHIR, 2007; Roberson et al., 2006; Huggins, 1992). The amount of damage dental amalgams can produced is based on the size, sensitivity of the patient to one of the elements in the amalgam, composition of the amalgam, the age of the amalgam and the surface area covered by the amalgam (Weiner et al.,
Comparing Dentures: Which is Which? Tooth loss happens due to different reasons: physical injury, tooth decay, congenital absence or a variety of oral health issues. If you are faced with this condition, your dentist would talk to you about the different options you have for tooth replacement, the most common of which are dentures. What are dentures? Dentures are artificially made replacements for natural teeth.
Bad breath is a sign of poor dental hygiene No one likes bad breath - especially people that deal with chronic bad breath.The condition can decrease self-esteem and the misconception is that it’s related to poor dental hygiene. Even someone that brushes twice a day and flosses can suffer the condition because it caused by an abnormality in your dental flora. Halitosis (bad breath) can be caused by periodontal disease, diabetes, hepatitis, or even liver diseases. Your dentist can help you treat this embarrassing problem. Alcohol - based mouthwash is most effective Just because you feel it tingling, doesn’t mean it’s working.
The activity of lesions need to be determined as cavitated lesions continue to trap bacterial plaque and need to be restored. A single observation will only tell the clinician about the condition of the tooth at that single point in time; but, it will not determine whether the demineralization increasing or, perhaps decreasing. The small lesion needs to be well examine than the larger lesion (Whitaker., 2006). Most of dental caries detection research focused occlusal and smooth surface caries. A critical factor to consider is that
HISTORY The development of dentistry during the 19th century in combination with the germ theory of disease had a direct effect on the practice of dentistry. Irrigation in 19th century Literature from this period mostly contained numerous empirically based recommendations for a variety of rinsing agents and medicaments, such as pulp extirpation under a pool of oil of eucalyptus and cloves was advocated, the rationale being that these oils would penetrate the canal as the nerve was removed. Arsenic was introduced by Shearjashub Spooner et al (1836)4 to destroy the nerves of the teeth without causing pain. However, some cases of fatal consequences were reported due to the use of Arsenic and daily dressing with thorough canal irrigation was
Dental dentures are artificial replacements used for your natural teeth and gums. If an accident, poor dental health, or disease has caused you to have only a few healthy natural teeth or none at all, a dentist or prothodontist will recommend dentures to replace the missing teeth. Dentures are most ideal if you have significant erosion of the gum and jaw line which makes other dental procedures such as crowns and implants less desirable. They also may be used to replace an entire row of teeth rather than a single tooth. The ideal candidate for dentures Because dentures are relatively non-invasive, they are well suited to people who are unwilling to go through a more extensive dental procedure such as that used for dental implants.