Steven Moore 3/12/2016 Atrial/Ventricular Septal Defect Repair Surgical Procedure Task An atrioventricular septal defect is a condition that results in a defect located in the middle of the heart. The condition takes place when a hole forms between the heart 's atrium and ventricular chambers. This defect causes complications and makes it difficult for the mitral valve to regulate blood flow in the heart. The deregulation of blood flow affects the lungs by allowing extra blood to flow into the organs. The heart then has to overwork itself in order to pump this extra blood out of the lungs and will cause the heart muscle to enlarge, leading to high blood pressure and even heart failure if left untreated.
There are many preventions that can be made to avoid this disease along with knowing the symptoms to know what precautions to take. Furthermore, with today’s advanced technology, there are also many diagnostic tests that help doctors treat those with the late effects a stroke may cause. Pathophysiology A cerebrovascular accident may occur when the blood supply of the brain is cut off or reduced gradually. As a result, oxygen and nutrients aren’t able to reach the brain and it’s cells being to die. There are two
Many types of surgeries and procedures are utilized to treat this condition. A nephrectomy the removal of all or part of the kidney, is performed when the kidney is no longer functioning. An upper pole nephrectomy is conducted if only the upper half of the kidney is not functioning properly due to the ureterocele. When the upper part of the ureter is functioning and there is no reflux to the lower part a ureteropyelostomy can be performed. This procedure connects the obstructed part of the ureter or kidney to the non-obstructed part.
The main purpose of the kidneys is to filter and reprocess blood. It 's an extremely complex process and cannot simply be likened to a sieve (“it is a device for separating wanted elements from unwanted material or for characterizing the particle size distribution of a sample, typically using a woven screen such as a mesh or net”). Wastes and extra water are removed to become urine, which flows from the kidneys to the bladder to be excreted whenever we feel the need to urinate. But the normal proteins and cells of the bloodstream that we need are returned back to the blood. In this way, the kidneys regulate the body 's levels of many substances, sometimes keeping them to a very narrow, normal range.
Mechanical malfunctions of the heart is when there is a lack of oxygen to the myocardium that leads to the inability of the heart to pump or contract in an area. If the area is large enough, the heart can die. Electrical malfunctions of the heart is the heart pumping too quickly, too slowly, or an irregular heart rhythm. The assessment process for evaluating a cardiac arrest patient is check for pulse, check if the patient is breathing, determining alertness (AVPU) by tapping their leg then begin CPR immediately, use an AED on the patient and applying a bag-valve-mask with
Perfusionists employ artificial blood pumps to propel open-heart surgery patients' blood through their body tissue, replacing the function of the heart while the cardiac surgeon operates. When a patient's blood is continuously removed and returned through plastic tubing to allow
This is a bacteria that will cause you to have an infection. The bacteria is called staph. It 's a Superbug because the normal antibiotics that are used to treat the infection will not work with this type of infection. If you are badly infected or the infection gets into your bloodstream then that is when you are treated with medication through IV. You are given the medicine Via IV because the medication goes through your veins, so you get the medication into your bloodstream quickly.
After the atrioventricular node is destroyed a pacemaker is then put into place in order to allow the continuation of electrical impulse to the ventricles. Another surgery that can be done is a surgical maze procedure. In this procedure the doctors makes several small cuts on specific areas of the heart. When these cuts heal the form scar tissues. Scar tissues are fibrosis tissues meaning that they doesn’t carry out the function of the tissues that they are replacing they are simply there to bind the tissues together.
Blood is one of the most important liquid inside the human body, it has about 4-6 L of blood. Blood circulate inside our body. Losing blood could be really dangerous because blood is liquid that circulate the oxygen inside the human body and the blood wont also circulate which will make the heart stop to pump. Open surgery is one of the cause why people could experience blood loss. Blood loss will occur when an open surgery is preceded, the doctor need to open the layer of skin one by one.
Wet AMD however is a more severe case of AMD which develops due to abnormal blood vessels growing under the macular, believed to be caused because of a misguided attempt to clear the waste products. They damage the macular as they can leak blood and therefore leave scarring. Dry AMD sufferers can lose vision gradually; Wet AMD sufferers can lose vision within a couple of days if not treated.
Lymphovenous Bypass WHAT IS LYMPHOVENOUS BYPASS? The lymphatic system is not very well known, but it is vital to the operation of the human body. It works alongside the bloodstream absorbing any leaked fluid from the blood vessels, this is known as lymph. Lymph nodes filter the lymph and put it back into the blood, but if these lymph nodes are damaged or removed the result is lymphedema, which is the swelling of a limb creating pain and immobility. Lymphovenous Bypass is a microsurgical procedure that opens pathways for blocked lymphatic vessels in the lymphatic system.
This causes reduced blood flow to important body organs, which can be life-threatening. CAUSES It is not known what causes the inflammation that leads to Takayasu arteritis. It may be due to an autoimmune disorder where your body 's defense (immune) system attacks itself. RISK FACTORS
Heart, kidneys, bladder Heart: The BNP level in W.A.’s blood was above normal. A high value of BNP in the blood may show early heart failure in people on kidney dialysis. She also has +2 pitting edema and Crackles in bilateral lower lobes and shortness of breath. As heart failure gets worse, fluid starts to build up in your lungs and other
The symptoms of Sickle cell include a delay in growth, vision problems, and pain. The pain usually comes and goes. Some people report that the pain is so severe that they need to be hospitalized in order to get a handle on the severity. The reason there is a delay in growth is because when the misshaped blood cells create a blockage, there is a decrease in oxygen to certain portions of the body. Sometimes with Sickle cell people experience swollen hands and feet.