Summary sentence 1: In the first paragraph of the article by Bernadette Starzee he discusses a bit of information about an osteopathic doctor, Sheldon Yao. He talks about how Yao got into osteopathic medicine. Summary sentence 2: The second paragraph goes more into detail with numbers, how many DO’s compared to MD doctors there are and the differences between the two. Summary sentence 3: In the third paragraph Starzee starts talking about another doctor, Gillar, who talks about what exactly an osteopathic doctor does and what they focus on. Gillar also talks about the rising number in osteopathic doctors and possible reasoning.
1.0 Introduction 1.1 Background of the Issue This report is written to find out the pros and cons of cosmetic surgery to people as well as how much cosmetic surgery has benefited people both positively and negatively. Cosmetic surgery procedures have been performed back in the early 1800s, which means it has been in existence for centuries as what history has suggested. Besides that, the development of cosmetic surgery states that it started to gain popularity since the 1970s and 1980s. Cosmetic surgery can be defined as the operative procedure as improvement of appearance is the principal purpose (Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions, 2012). In ancient India, Sushruta was known as a healer and one of the first cosmetic surgeons in the world.
Daniel David Palmer simply added the philosophy of chiropractic from already known spine manipulation practices from thousands of years before. By extensively studying anatomy and physiology, Palmer was able to create a practice that changed the medical health field and structured the chiropractic idea. Palmer named the profession “chiropractic” by using the latin words cheir (which means ‘hand’) and praktos (which means ‘done’) hence the full sentence; Done by Hand ("Chiropractic Care." 2011). In September of 1895, Palmer had begun the first Chiropractic spine alignment procedure.
His greatest work “De humani corporis fabrica libri septem” (Fabric of the human body in seven books) “laid a solid foundation for the understanding of the vast human anatomy” [Source 3]. This book included detailed drawings of human bodies as well as precise descriptions of human body parts. His work challenged anatomical understanding and was “actually considered to be the earliest accurate presentation of human body” [Source 8]. Vesalius’s discoveries were the basis of human anatomy, he was the first to specifically and accurately explain the human body, which is crucial to current medical and anatomical understanding. Vesalius has proven Galen wrong numerous times as “Vesalius discovered that the skull’s mandible consists of bone which contradicts Galen’s predictions that the mandible was two separate bones in the head” [Source 11] and “The sternum has three parts, not seven as Galen claimed on the basis of ape dissections.” [Source 10] This indicates Vesalius was continuously trying to improve as he continuously corrected what Galen and people believed was correct.
Hippocrates were known as the fathers of medicine. As it states in paragraph 3, sentence 1,"Hippocrates, fathers of medicine." I think that the author is trying to say that the people think that the Hippocrates were like a God of medicine. Also in paragraph 1, it states "In ancient Greek (approximately 750 BCE) the practice of the medicine." I think that the author is saying/stating facts about the Hippocrates.
In our latitudes, physiognomy formed part of the most ancient practical philosophy. The earliest-known systematic treatise on physiognomy is attributed to Aristotle in 340 BC (Fridlund, 1994). Among the Latin classical authors, Juvenal, Suetonius, and Pliny the Elder refer to the practice of physiognomy. The concept of physiognomy lies in the idea that an individual's character can be accurately judged on the basis of specific facial features (Lavater, 1850). Despite the dismissal of physiognomy as pseudoscience (Alley, 1988; Cohen, 1973; Porter, 2003), a strong belief exists that the facial appearance does provide information about a person's personality, health, and future behavior (Hassin & Trope, 2000; Liggett, 1974).
The Olmec civilization, the first major ancient civilization in Mesoamerica, was able to create and implement a variety of methods and tools that were used by civilizations to come. These facts lead to the conclusion that the Olmec civilization was highly advanced due to its sophisticated religion, social structure and religious traditions, and their technical innovations. Every sophisticated civilization has at least one major city or capital. In the case of the Olmec civilization, there were two: La Venta and Tres Zapotes, but La Venta is the most well known of the two. The city was known to have at least eighteen thousand residents and was a religious and economic center of the civilization.
Janssen Pharmaceutica Janssen is one of the world’s leading research based pharmaceutical organisations and is part of the Johnson and Jonson family of companies. J&J is a diverse group of healthcare specialists. Johnson and Johnson was founded in 1886 and is an American pharmaceutical, medical devices and consumer packages goods manufacture. Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson, is dedicated to research and development of new drugs against the most important unmet medical needs of this generation, including oncology, infectious disease, neuroscience, cardiovascular and metabolic diseases and immunology. In 1953 Janssen was founded by Paul Janssen.
One of the diseases is Meningococcal Meningitis or commonly known as Meningitis. Meningitis exists not only in modern era or modern generation rather, but also in ancient time that was written in their ancient texts, Hippocrates discussed or described meningitis in his works and his books, the next one who described meningitis is Sir Robert Whytt, (an Edinburgh Physician) to his report that is published in the year of 1768. It is the swelling of the lining of the brain or the spinal cord. It cause normally due to