In lateral canal stenosis as there is involvement of the nerve it results in severe radiculopathy, with muscle weakness, pain and immobility. This results from a series of changes in the components of the central and lateral canal such as ligamentum flavum inflammation, bony spurs, epidural fat deposition and facetal hypertrophy.(1) Management of spinal stenosis includes conservative or surgical treatment. Conservative approach comprises of rest, analgesics, anti inflammatory medications, physical exercises, and weight loss. Surgery is done in patients who have severe pain, disability, neuropathy or malignancy.
Rotator Cuff Tendonitis An irritation or inflammation of a tendon in the rotator cuff is called rotator cuff tendonitis. The rotator cuff is comprised of muscles and tendons surrounding the shoulder joint, connecting the humerus (upper arm) to the scapula (shoulder blade). The muscles allow for the shoulder to rotate, and stability to the shoulder are provided by the rotator cuff tendons. When the tendons are injured, it may cause a dull pain in the shoulder, which often gets worse when trying to sleep on the involved side.
Case Study of Ehlers–Danlos Syndrome Introduction This case study is about Ehlers – Danlos Syndrome. Ehlers – Danlos Syndrome is a condition that cause connective tissue that cannot support the skin and it also affect the sign and symptoms of ehlers - Danlos syndrome. The person who has this type of condition (Ehlers - Danlos syndrome) there is a chance that the person can have flexible joints, stretchy, fragile skin which can lead an issue of a wound because the skin cannot heal a wound.
This deformity can be caused by a variety of problems, including: • Osteoporosis. This bone-thinning disorder can result in crushed vertebrae (compression fractures). Osteoporosis is most common in older adults, particularly women, and in people who have taken high doses of corticosteroids for long periods of time. • Disk degeneration. Soft, circular disks act as cushions between spinal vertebrae.
It usually affected the lowest vertebra of the back. It is not easy to detected due to it covered by the skin or spinal tissue. Most of time, it is asymptomatic. 6.Spina bifida aperta - is a vertebral protrusion that contains the meninges or the meninges and spinal cord. It causes CNS defects.
Neck pain is commonly associated with dull aching. Sometimes pain in the neck is worsened with movement of the neck or turning the head. Other symptoms associated with some forms of neck pain include numbness, tingling, tenderness, sharp shooting pain, fullness, difficulty swallowing, pulsations, swishing sounds in the head, dizziness or lightheadedness, and lymph node (gland) swelling. Neck pain can also be associated with a headache, facial pain, shoulder pain, and arm numbness or tingling (upper extremity paresthesias). These associated symptoms are often a result of nerves becoming pinched in the neck.
Shoulder impingements can arise as a result of the repetitive use of the shoulders or when you fall. Like the name suggests, a rotator cuff tear arises when a tendon or a rotator cuff muscle actually tears. These tears can either be a minor one or very sever, depending on the affected tissue and the thickness and depth of the tear. Just like shoulder impingements, tears are caused by the wearing down of the muscles of rotator cuffs overtime, or by acute traumas.
Animals suffering from Laminitis may also often lie down. They may be reluctant to lift one of their limbs as more weight will be put on the supporting limb causing pain. The soft tissue on top of the affected hoof is often warm to touch. The horse or pony will also show signs of lameness. Acute Laminitis will lead to Chronic Laminitis if it is not treated early.
In chronic charcot foot, changes in radiography are divided into two main types, hypertrophic and atrophic. Hypertrophic joints are found mostly in the small joints of the foot, characterized by joint dislocation, subluxation, bone fractures, calcification of soft tissues and sclerosis. Bone fractures characterizes the hypertrophic changes. In the upper tip, atrophic type is more common and characterized by bone resorption.
The protective cartilage on the ends of bones breaks down, causing pain, swelling and problems moving the joint. Bony growths can develop, and the area can become inflamed. The major symptoms are joint pain and stiffness. Some people can have swelling, tenderness and grating or crackling sound when moving (NHS,n.d). These are the symptoms Mohamed reported to the doctor.
Musculoskeletal Diseases Musculoskeletal diseases can cause both major or minor physical disabilities that can be critical. Some musculoskeletal diseases don 't have a cure but there are many treatment options. Two examples of Musculoskeletal diseases are Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone and Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy. Fibrous Dysplasia is a genetic disease that is characterized by bone pain deformities and fractures that involve one or more bones. Fibrous Dysplasia is associated with osteoblastic defects along with increased bone resorption.
The symptoms of myeloma are mostly pain but the ribs and spine are the most effected areas in the body causing chest wall or back pain. If the myeloma is advanced can cause bone degeneration which can press on the nerves causing little feeling, burning sensation and paralysis. It can cause high levels of calcium destroying the bones at a fast rate. The other complications cryoglobulinemia this rare condition produce a protein that precipitates, when it is exposed to cold temperatures. Amyloidosis occurs mostly in people whose myeloma has the light chain components of immunoglobulins to form a sticky protein called amyloid, impairs the function of whichever organ it is in.
Osteoarthritis Overview: Osteoarthritis is a chronic disease that affects the cartilage that makes up the joints. Among the symptoms of the disease, the most obvious is surely the pain. The person feels the joint stiff and gradually begins to decrease mobility. Generally the causes are unknown. The experts talk about mostly a disease of multifactorial origin, in whose emergence involves several factors.
Inflammation or damage to the muscular tissues hooked up to the joint can create issues throughout the movement, infected tendons mainly as a result of tendinitis or swelling of brusaes due to trochanteric bursitis may also purpose slight to severe joint ache within the hip. Osteonecrosis can also be one of the vital fashioned explanations for hip joint ache which happens when there is inadequate blood supply to any part of the skeletal structure of the joint. The other motives for hip joint discomfort are muscle pulls, and fractures either instantly of the bones worried within the joint or to the femur and stress fractures which occur as a result of over use of the joint particularly through athletes or sportspersons. Many varieties of arthritis may motive hip anguish as they are able to infect tissues and muscle tissue and also damage the brusaes to preclude smooth motion of femur in the acetabulum and of muscle groups and
The side that your eye and cheek are sunk in on, the facial hair may turn grey and fall out. The skin can also become unpigmented. This disease can also result to seizures and facial pain. This disease usually begins between