In lateral canal stenosis as there is involvement of the nerve it results in severe radiculopathy, with muscle weakness, pain and immobility. This results from a series of changes in the components of the central and lateral canal such as ligamentum flavum inflammation, bony spurs, epidural fat deposition and facetal hypertrophy. (1) Management of spinal stenosis includes conservative or surgical treatment. Conservative approach comprises of rest, analgesics, anti inflammatory medications, physical exercises, and weight loss. Surgery is done in patients who have severe pain, disability, neuropathy or malignancy.
Rotator Cuff Tendonitis An irritation or inflammation of a tendon in the rotator cuff is called rotator cuff tendonitis.The rotator cuff is comprised of muscles and tendons surrounding the shoulder joint, connecting the humerus (upper arm) to the scapula (shoulder blade). The muscles allow for the shoulder to rotate, and stability to the shoulder are provided by the rotator cuff tendons. When the tendons are injured, it may cause a dull pain in the shoulder, which often gets worse when trying to sleep on the involved side. What Is Rotator Cuff Tendonitis? It is an inflammation of the BURSA (a lubrication mechanism), along with an inflammation of a group of muscles in the shoulder.
Case Study of Ehlers–Danlos Syndrome Introduction This case study is about Ehlers – Danlos Syndrome. Ehlers – Danlos Syndrome is a condition that cause connective tissue that cannot support the skin and it also affect the sign and symptoms of ehlers - Danlos syndrome. The person who has this type of condition (Ehlers - Danlos syndrome) there is a chance that the person can have flexible joints, stretchy, fragile skin which can lead an issue of a wound because the skin cannot heal a wound.  It is hard to find out the frequency of Ehlers - Danlos syndrome. The different types of these condition have 1 in 5,000 worldwide.
This deformity can be caused by a variety of problems, including: • Osteoporosis. This bone-thinning disorder can result in crushed vertebrae (compression fractures). Osteoporosis is most common in older adults, particularly women, and in people who have taken high doses of corticosteroids for long periods of time. • Disk degeneration. Soft, circular disks act as cushions between spinal vertebrae.
It usually affected the lowest vertebra of the back. It is not easy to detected due to it covered by the skin or spinal tissue. Most of time, it is asymptomatic. 6.Spina bifida aperta - is a vertebral protrusion that contains the meninges or the meninges and spinal cord. It causes CNS defects.
Neck pain is commonly associated with dull aching. Sometimes pain in the neck is worsened with movement of the neck or turning the head. Other symptoms associated with some forms of neck pain include numbness, tingling, tenderness, sharp shooting pain, fullness, difficulty swallowing, pulsations, swishing sounds in the head, dizziness or lightheadedness, and lymph node (gland) swelling. Neck pain can also be associated with a headache, facial pain, shoulder pain, and arm numbness or tingling (upper extremity paresthesias). These associated symptoms are often a result of nerves becoming pinched in the neck.
This will cause pinching between the shoulder blade and the arm bone when you try to move your shoulders. Shoulder impingements can arise as a result of the repetitive use of the shoulders or when you fall. Like the name suggests, a rotator cuff tear arises when a tendon or a rotator cuff muscle actually tears. These tears can either be a minor one or very sever, depending on the affected tissue and the thickness and depth of the tear. Just like shoulder impingements, tears are caused by the wearing down of the muscles of rotator cuffs overtime, or by acute traumas.
The forelimbs are most commonly affected by Laminitis although all four limbs can be affected. Animals suffering from Laminitis may also often lie down. They may be reluctant to lift one of their limbs as more weight will be put on the supporting limb causing pain. The soft tissue on top of the affected hoof is often warm to touch. The horse or pony will also show signs of lameness.
In chronic charcot foot, changes in radiography are divided into two main types, hypertrophic and atrophic. Hypertrophic joints are found mostly in the small joints of the foot, characterized by joint dislocation, subluxation, bone fractures, calcification of soft tissues and sclerosis. Bone fractures characterizes the hypertrophic changes. In the upper tip, atrophic type is more common and characterized by bone resorption. In one study, radiographic bony cortical disruption with direct spread from infected ulcer or cellulitis aided in the diagnosis of osteomyelitis.
The protective cartilage on the ends of bones breaks down, causing pain, swelling and problems moving the joint. Bony growths can develop, and the area can become inflamed. The major symptoms are joint pain and stiffness. Some people can have swelling, tenderness and grating or crackling sound when moving (NHS,n.d). These are the symptoms Mohamed reported to the doctor.