Research recognizes parent involvement as an important factor in the quality of a child's education. Joyce Epstein's School-Family-Community Partnership Model is an important model in research and practices surrounding parent involvement. As a framework for increasing parental participation in education, Epstein’s model recognizes six different types of involvement in regards to education. Through her work, Epstein encourages schools to develop activities that work within the six types, as well as instill these types in practices around the home. Parent involvement is as a major factor in improving the quality of a child's education.
As a teacher, it is my responsibility to share information on the development of the child and have a clear and constant flow of dialogue with the family. This will enable both parties to deal with any issues that may arise within the family, school or community. It also my belief that parents should have an active part in their child’s learning and be able to lend a hand whenever necessary, and having open communication with them will allow this transparency and connection between home and school. The community is vital in ensuring that the facilities around the community and school is appropriate for the different children and families to live in and grow. A very good example of this successful collaboration is the Reggio Emilia approach in Italy.
Based in the NAEYC standers: Reggio Emilia approach supports a Child Approach in that a child’s image is viewed as having rights and not just needs, child has been viewed as beautiful, competent, powerful, curious, creative as well as full of ambitious desires and potentials, supports children’s individual differences and needs, documentation that Reggio teachers collect about their students, and mix of long- and short term projects which provide students with a deeper understanding of the subject matter. While in Montessori standers include mission and vision: The school’s vision is consistent with the Montessori philosophy of facilitating the student’s development of full potential, governance, leadership, and continuous, improvement:
(1999) described parent involvement as the social relations that are encompass norms of trust, obligation, or reciprocity, if described in this manner, parent involvement is conceived of as a form of social capital. Parents invest their time, attention, and resources in their children with the expectation of a return namely that their children will perform better in school. Using this framework McNeal asserts that parent involvement consists of three broad domains, parent-child relations, parent-school relations, and parent-parent relations. In all three cases, it is generally assumed that parents invest time with their children, school personnel, or other parents with the expectation that their involvement will yield a tangible
In addition, the role of a teacher is to reach the heart and mind of the children, expand their intellect and knowledge. Build a holistic individual who can face the unknown future ahead of them. Assessment is something we can't ignore. As mentioned above using effective teaching method we can assess students. In other words, formative assessment is used to assess students learning.
It is established that quality education is not only attributed to good school’s programs but also parent’s participation. In order to encourage learning in children’s mind, school and home activities are playing important factors. Both school and home must be interdependent. The effect of parental involvement in education varies generally. Parent’s involvement has a better outcome on children’s academic performances and these outcomes may take into account of various factors such as social status employment status, educational background of parents, multiple children and income structure which may be significantly affect student’s academic achievement.
Aside from building positive relationships with and for children, Connolly et al. (2002) highlights the importance of working in partnership with families and the wider community in order to cover a broader range of inclusion. There is a wealth of evidence to support the claim that children do better when there is close partnership between home and early years setting (. Teamwork between teachers and families can be fostered by sharing feedback on children’s behaviours and their learning preference. The principle of communication between home and school informs the planning process, as without this link an inclusive approach is hindered.
So on a personal note it puts more emphasis on the necessity to invest in preschool education to young children so as to maximize their overall well-being. And I commend the parents of our preschooler for having the same vision because I truly trust that, behind a child’s success is a parent who first believed that his/her child can. As preschool can be rigorous nowadays, since the children are expected to learn certain skills to prepare them for elementary school. I still believe that play takes a vital role in the development of a child; and children are playful by nature to start with. If I may quote Maria Montessori, “Play is the work of the child.” Young children learn best through play and it cannot be downgraded when it comes to their (the children) holistic development.
It will help the children to get the education according to their level and stages of development. This will be easier for them to adapt the learning and help them a lot to show their potential. Besides, this research also benefit the teachers because they will have the guidance on how to teach and handle the children. They also can create interesting activities or lessons by referring the curriculum standard. In addition, parents also can get the benefits by this research.
Education is a tool which makes us responsible, sophisticated and a capable citizen. Getting a good education is very important to success in life. Quality of education is very important because it is not only for utilizing our self but it can also improve other people’s live. Education is a wealth of knowledge which acquire from school, colleges and universities and an enlightening experiences. Attaining of education is necessary in today’s world.