Magna Carta was when British Barons wanted the King to be more aware of their rights. They felt they weren't treated properly and wanted more say. King John isn't recognizing the Baron's rights. The Barons made it so they would have more say and freedom. “[Britain’s] Magna Carta and bill of rights have long been the boast, as well as the security of that nation….this principle is a fundamental one… [and] such declarations should make a part of [the United States’ frame] of government” (Document B).
But, the colonists believed in actual representation, which was when someone from the colonies would represent them in Parliament. The colonists insisted that what the British were doing was taxation without representation. I believe that these very different views on actual and virtual representation, played a crucial role in the commencement of the Revolutionary War, giving birth to America as a democracy. Most colonists came from Great Britain but there were also large amounts that came from all over Europe, which then led to a wide variety of hostility toward one another. Many of the governments that they were
The ideas of the Enlightenment influenced the American Revolution and the formation of the American Government. Firstly, The Enlightenment was a philosophical evolution that emphasized the aged ideas of the Greeks and Romans. In addition, the major philosophers of this time period were Voltaire, John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, Rousseau, Adam Smith and Isaac Newton. Their ideals include having an absolute monarch as a government (T.H), the separation of powers (Mont. ), the government should not interfere with a free market economy (A.S), the freedom of speech (Volt.
The United States of America established itself as a nation that advocated a political system subjected to the construct of democracy. This system was created to represent its citizens so that they may not grow weary in a tyrant monarchy, such as that of the British before the American Revolution . The forefathers gathered to establish a constitution that respected the rights of its citizens and debated with much tension to how authority would be exercised in such a representative government. History has shared an active evolution to the structure of government within the United States , yet America today is actively still subjected to the famous political party establishment that was made in the years of 1783-1815. The political party commonly known were the Federalist and the Democratic Republicans – two very different ideal groups that helped change America.
The Magna Carta’s Influence “The Magna Carta was a document issued by the English noblemen who demanded rights from the king and limited the rights of the king’s power,” (A). The document had monumental effects that reverberate throughout the world today. The Magna Carta is an indispensable document to democracy because it has impacted many other substantial texts, protects citizen’s legal rights, and guarantees individual freedoms. The Magna Carta has influenced numerous documents that give rights to the people. The document changed the way acts and thinks by changing the political and social order of countries.
Analysis This case resulted in an explicit rejection of economic substantive due process. The Court overruled the holding in Adkins and changed the way the Court viewed state regulatory powers. The Court replaced substantive due process with a rational basis test that assumes the constitutionality of economic legislation and assigns responsibility to the law’s challengers to show there is not rational basis between the law and a legitimate government function. I disagree with the majority that the that this Washington state minimum wage requirement passes beyond the broad protective powers of the state. The decision in Adkins should have served as binding precedent and the Court should have held the law to be unconstitutional as well.
Mrs. Ferjo’s application against the tribunal stated that she believed that the tribunal discriminated against her at the previous hearing when they denied her legal representation. Mrs. Ferjo checked off sexual discrimination on the application form but could not provide any factual evidence that she faced discrimination on those grounds. Mrs. Ferjo was therefore unable to establish prima facie case.  The tribunal argued the doctrine of judicial immunity prevented legal proceedings against judicial members based on their actions as an adjudicator or decision maker. This is so that judicial members can make decisions without fear of consequences.
John Locke was an English Philosopher whose belief on government and the people challenged the long-established ways of thinking about society and government, but influenced the founding fathers especially Thomas Jefferson who to put Locke’s ideas into his own document about the foundation of the United States. The Glorious Revolution in England during the late 1600s that John Locke witnessed, compelled him to write the Two Treatise of Government, integrating his beliefs that “the state of nature has the law of nature to govern it … all men are equal” in his work of political philosophy (Locke 1). Locke suggests that humans are not inferior to each other even though Absolutism was the traditional way of ruling. He believed that the human government should not be based off of divine right, but should be based off of human nature. Locke argued that since everyone holds the executive capacity of the natural laws, all people should be respected of the rights that they have as individuals.
However, England longed for the return of a civilian government which led to the Glorious Revolution that occurred in 1688. The Glorious Revolution destroyed the idea of divine-right monarchy. William and Mary acknowledged the English throne knowing that the ultimate power in the state was to be divided between the king and Parliament. The monarchy of England thus went towards a constitutional direction. Another example that triggered change was the English Bill of Rights in 1689.
In the end, a majority of the judges ruled that the section 2 of the VRA is too ambiguous, thus the section cannot be applied to the felony disenfranchisement laws in New York, as the original intent of the VRA was not focused on felon disenfranchisement laws (“Key Issues in Hayden v. Pataki”). However, based on the dissenting opinions of Judge Sonia Sotomayor, the second section of the Voting Rights Act clearly states that no state should be able to pass a law that emplaces a “voter qualification”, which bars a certain racial minority’s ability to vote (Goldstein