• A hoarse voice may develop due to a laryngeal myopathy at high doses. This is reversible and its occurrence is minimized by the use of a ‘spacer’. • Bruising and skin atrophy occur at high doses. • Inhibition of long bone growth during prolonged high dose treatment in children. • Posterior subcapsular cataracts may develop following prolonged use.
At the systemic level, ANP enhances sodium and water excretion to decrease blood volume. In the kidneys specifically, ANP increases glomerular filtration rate by dilating the afferent arterioles, and it directly decreases sodium reabsorption I the collecting duct (Silverthorn et al., 2013).
Pressure ulcer is defined as skin breakdown and continuum of tissue damage of ischemic etiology secondary to high external pressure which usually occurs over prominences. Over bony prominences for 2 hours or more is enough to cause an ischemic wound.1 Individual who cannot independently reposition tend to be at the greatest risk for ulcer development.2 Pressure ulcers are the result of interplay of various intrinsic and extrinsic factors. The intrinsic factor includes immobilization, cognitive deficit, chronic illnesses, poor nutrition, use of steroids and aging.3 Orthopaedic wards already contain a higher proportion of beds with pressure sores than those of any other specialty. Orthopaedic patients with pressure ulcers experience greater morbidity and
Management, assessment and prognosis of Meconium Aspiration Syndrome Introduction: Meconium aspiration syndrome is one of the most common causes of respiratory distress in neonates. It may happen during antepartum or intrapartum periods and can result in airway obstruction, defect in gas exchange of the lung , pneumonia and dysfunction of the surfactant . It occurs as a result of fetal hypoxia that leads to increasing peristalsis with anal sphincter relaxation and reflex gasping. Aim: to determine the methods used for management , assessment and prognosis of meconium aspiration syndrome. Methods: Meta-analysis, randomized controlled trials, case-control trials , double- blinded studies and case reports were revised of meconium aspiration syndrome using systemic researches of many electronic databases
For example, prednisone, in high measurements for a long stretch. Specialists can recommend these drugs to avert dismissal of a transplanted organ. They likewise utilize them to treat incendiary sicknesses, for example, lupus and joint inflammation. High measurements of injectable steroids for treatment of back agony can likewise precipitate this disorder. Overturn quantities steroids as inhalants, for example, those utilized for asthma, or creams, for example, those endorsed for dermatitis, for the most part are not sufficient to bring about Cushing's syndrome.
All You Need To Know About Chelation Therapy Content: You may have read about it and wondered that what’s chelation therapy? Chelation therapy is usually a chemical course of action in which an artificial solution-EDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid)-is injected into the bloodstream of a patient to eliminate heavy metals and minerals from the human body. Chelation implies to grab something.” When EDTA is injected in a patient’s veins, it catches heavy metals and minerals for example iron, calcium, aluminium, arsenic, copper, mercury and lead, and then eliminate them from the body. Other than as a cure for lead poisoning, Chelation therapy is a bit controversial topic among experts. You should also keep in mind that chelation therapy is always done on an outpatient basis.
People born with Trisomy 21 are also more likely to be born with heart defects. Congenital heart disease affects almost half of the babies born with Down syndrome. CHD can lead to high blood pressure in the lungs, the heart not able to pump blood to throughout the body, and cyanosis, which is blue-tinted skin because of the lack of oxygen in the skin. Down syndrome also affects the immune system and makes it much harder for the immune system to fight off infections. People with Down syndrome are twelve times more likely to die from an infection than somebody without it.
It is caused by infection, allergen, pollution, exacerbation, exercise and exposure to airway irritants affecting small airways. The irritants inflame the airways causing construction and decrease ventilation. There many ways to manage an asthmatic patient by using Bronchodilator, anti-inflammatory and mechanical ventilation therapy. The benefits of using heliox are to increase oxygenation and open the construction of the airways. Heliox has more efficacies to bass through the small airways to the smaller because of its velocity and low density.
Dysphagia can occur during oropharyngeal or esophageal phase of swallowing. Various swallowing process alterations that may interfere with physiological functions cause dysphagia. Dysphagia is a frequent, multifactor and debilitating aftereffect in head-and-neck cancer patients undergoing a definitive radiotherapy (RT). Acute aftereffects related to RT, such as the edema, the mucositis, the pain and diminution in salivary secretion distort the short-term swallowing mechanism [1-3]. Radiation-induced fibrosis of tissue and chronic oxidative stress continue this impaired swallowing long after RT [4, 5].
Prostaglandins E2 and I2 are the predominant prostaglandins synthesized by the gastric mucosa and are known to inhibit the secretion of gastric acid and stimulate the secretion of mucus and bicarbonate5. Peptic ulcer diseases comprise heterogeneous disorder which manifests as a break in the