Therefore, any treatment of the fungus may affect the host too and can develop resistance to antifungal medication. An example of a fungal disease that affect individuals within regions with drier conditions is coccidioidomycosis, popularly known as Valley Fever. Valley Fever affects individuals when dusty air containing
The effects are red bright skin. In lab, we learned to distinguish two types of bacteria using the gram stain, gram positive and gram negative. Since S. Aureus has a thick peptidoglycan cell wall with teichoic acid, it stains gram positive. Further tests will indicate the bacteria, including the presence of catalase, sheep blood hemolysis, mannitol fermentation, halotolerance, and coagulase, which S. Aureus is positive for all. 3.)
“STUDY OF VIRULENCE FACTORS AND ANTIBIOTIC SENSITIVITY PATTERN IN ESCHERICHIA COLI STRAINS ISOLATED FROM EXTRAINTESTINAL INFECTIONS” INTRODUCTION Escherichia coli (E. coli) is one of the most important members of the family Enterobacteriaceae and a commensal in the human intestinal tract. (1) As a commensal it contributes to the maintenance of health of a person. However, E.coli when enters into unnatural sites, can cause variety of conditions such as urinary tract infections, wound infections, bacteraemia, meningitis and other soft tissue infections. (2, 3) Of the different organisms known to cause urinary tract infections (UTI), E. coli is the most predominant pathogen being isolated in 70 – 90% of cases. It has been accepted that UTI
The amelanotic form of metastatic melanoma of the skin is a less common presentation and appears as a skin-colored, pink or red skin lesion. The three types of melanoma include ocular, cutaneous, and mucosal malignant melanoma. All of these subtypes have the potential to spread to the skin with advanced disease. However, cutaneous melanoma is the most common source of skin metastases of the three types. Melanoma skin metastases tend to occur on the chest, back, and extremities of men and on the lower extremities in
Gram-negative bacteria contain a layer of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) When the bacteria enters the body, the LPS triggers the body’s immune response. The body recognises a cytokine reaction from the bacteria which is toxic to the body and responds by inflaming the tissues and blood vessels. The certain cells used against the bacteria Bordetella Pertussis include innate and specific defenses, but the defensive antigens have not been exclusively identified. Explain how the disease can be treated. Pertussis is generally treated with antibiotics and it is vital to use the antibiotics early on in the infection or it will have little to no effect.
Background: Lichen planus (LP) is an inflammatory dermatosis with an unknown etiology. Although usually lichen planopilaris (LPP) occurs within terminal hair follicles; there are some reports of concomitant involvement of vellus hairs that present with papular eruption of the face along with frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA). Method: Here we report three patients presented with asymptomatic facial papules with histologic examination in consistence with lichen planopilaris. Result: Based on these cases report isotretinoin can be an effective modality in managing this unusual variant of LPP/FFA. Conclusion: This study showed a significant response to oral retinoid in all cases.
Dermatology is the branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders. There are widespread skin diseases, the most common four are scabies, chronic psoriasis, acne, and chickenpox. Scabies Appears on the formation of blisters causing severe itching. Chronic psoriasis is a large rough spot. Acnes are caused by inflammation of the sebaceous
This report is divided into Sections A&B for the Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for spillage controls which are spillage control outside the Biosafety cabinet (BSC) and spillage control inside the BSC. Section C contains the SOP for spillage controls in centrifuges and incubators. The organism in this case is Mycobacterium tuberculosis and it is a risk group 3 (RG3) organism, which is highly contagious. Risk group 3 organisms have a high individual risk but a low community risk. The pathogen usually causes serious human or animal disease but disease does not normally spread to one another and effective treatments are available.
Introduction There is a relationship between where malaria and sickle cell anaemia occur. This topic is interesting because although there are different types of anaemia like iron-deficiency anaemia, aplastic anaemia, haemolytic anaemia etc. the allele for sickle cell anaemia provides protection against malaria when it is not expressed. Both of them tend to appear in the same area and this protection against malaria can control the recurrence of this disease in different parts of the world and reduce infant mortality, kidney failure, cerebral malaria and other long term illness caused by malaria. Sickle cell anaemia is an inherited form of anaemia — a condition in which there aren't enough healthy red blood cells to carry adequate oxygen throughout your body (Mayo Clinic).