Personal Identification Essay

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Personal identification is an integral part of all the investigations carried out at the scene of crime. Personal identification refers to the establishment of individuality of a person. The need of personal identification arises in cases of mass disasters like plane crash, bomb blast, tsunami etc. It is also important to establish the identity of an individual in cases where mutilated bones are recovered or parts of burnt bones are found. Developing the identity of the dead is obvious for social and medico-legal purposes. Developing the identity of a person from body parts is an essential part of forensic anthropology. Identification can be complete as well as partial. Complete identification refers to the fixation of absolute identity of…show more content…
Anthropometry finds its role in designing clothes, shoes, gloves, masks, aprons and furniture of varying sizes where data of various body measurements in different population is used to design above products. Anthropometric measurements have been taken since time unknown. As no to individuals are alike in their all body measurements, not even monozygotic twins, this branch of science can help in individualization. The clothe, shoes and other accessories worn by us according to our body dimensions. The furniture designed for us such as bed, chairs, tables etc. are according to body measurements. Anthropometry is further divided into somatometry and osteometry. Somatometry includes somatoscopic observations while osteometry deals with measurements of bones and also includes craniometry. Forensic anthropometry deals with the application of techniques and methods of anthropometry in medico-legal cases. First work in the field of anthropometry has been done by Alphonse Bertillon in 1883. He also started ‘portrait parle’. Bertillon system had failure in case of will west and William west. In order to eliminate this defect, further research were carried out by Francis Galton. His works were based on fingerprints for identification of
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