Essay On Phonemic Awareness

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Phonemic Awareness and Phonics As a ESL student, I learned a lot information to teach young students to read, pronounce letters and words. “English is an alphabetic language, and children learn crack this code as they learn about phonemes (sound), graphemes (letters), and graph phonemic (letter-sound) relationship (Tompkins, p.103). My first language`s letters sounds never changed, but in English it changes when different letters come together for example “sh”, “ch” and words are cat and cent. When you read these word, sound is changing first letter of words even same letter. I learned alphabetic code and how children develop phonological awareness by manipulating sounds, matching letters and sounds to decode words, and representing sounds using letters as…show more content…
First one is that activities should be appropriate children`s age level. Second one is that instruction should be purposeful and third one is that activities and materials should be integrated with other components of a balanced literacy programs. A teacher can teach identifying words, categorizing words, substituting sounds, blending sounds, and segmenting sounds by doing age appropriate activities with children. Teachers assess children by using screening test to determine the level of their knowledge about phonemic awareness and they use instruction assessment cycle are planning, monitoring, evaluation, and reflection. Phonemic awareness is important to learn how to read and it is prerequisite. “Phonemic awareness is also nurtured in spontaneous ways by providing children with language-rich environments and emphasizing wordplay as teachers read book aloud and engage children in singing songs, chanting poems, and telling riddles” (Tompkins, p.115). I learned that most teachers begin with consonants and then vowels to teach C-V-C pattern words. There are 8 useful rules for phonics that are two sounds of c, two sounds of g, CVC pattern, Final e or CVCe pattern, CV pattern,
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