Physical Means was the first method we used to separate parts of Sludge. Physical Means means that you are taking something out (most likely a insoluble solid which is what we did) either with a tool or with your hands. We had four insoluble solids in our mixture and we used our fingers to remove each of them Distillation After we got the insoluble solids out by using Physical Means, we then used distillation to get the soluble solid out of the mixture. Distillation is a separation technique used to separate a soluble solid from a liquid and the liquid being kept. To do this, put 10-15 mL of solution in a test tube and secure it to the stand. Then take a stopper with two holes on the top, and in one hole put the tube, and in the other put the lab quest ( to keep track of the temperature). Fill a beaker with cold water and put another test tube inside of it and …show more content…
Fractional distillation is a separation technique used to separate two liquids with different boiling points and keep the liquid. To do this, we set it up just like the distillation lab with the 10-15mL in the test tube over the fire and the tube leading the the test tube in the beaker. The first time you go through, the same test tube is left in the whole time but you must record the temperature around every 10-15 seconds using your labquest. You then find two places where the temperature is consistent for a few seconds, this is your plateau. The second time you go through, change out the test tubes as soon as you get to your first plateau, this liquid is liquid one. Wait until the temperature gets to your second plateau and change it out again, this liquid is the junk liquid, you don’t need it. Now wait until it is all done and the final liquid is your liquid two. Liquid one and Liquid two are now your separated two liquids and you can test the
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Next, about 10 mL of both solutions, Red 40 and Blue 1, were added to a small beaker. The concentration of the stock solution were recorded, 52.1 ppm for Red 40 and 16.6 ppm for Blue 1. Then, using the volumetric pipette, 5 mL of each solution was transferred into a 10 mL volumetric flask, labelled either R1 or B1. Deionized water was added into the flask using a pipette until the solution level reached a line which indicated 10 mL. A cap for the flask was inserted and the flask was invented a few times to completely mix the solution. Then, the volumetric pipette was rinsed with fresh deionized water and
Materials: The materials that I will be utilizing during these experimentations are three to four ice cubes, one cup for measuring, six unblemished cups, one stopwatch, one hot water source, three tablets of Alka-Seltzer, one thermometer that measures from negative
To do the temperature and dissolved oxygen tests, stick the probe in the water, and it will show numbers. One will be the dissolved oxygen in ppm (parts per million) and the other will be the temperature of the water. To do the pH test, stick the pH paper in the water and compare the color it turns to the scale. To test nitrates, put clear water in a container and dirty water in another, and put powder in them. Shake them and then compare the color they turn to the scale.
Experiment 1: Materials: • Alka-Seltzer tablets • Empty and clean water or soda bottles (12 oz to 24 oz) • Balloons • Water • Clock • Stove top Procedure: 1. Pour a sufficient amount of water (about 16 oz) into a small pot and place on the stove at high heat. 2. Watch the clock and after 30 seconds take the water off the heat.
Materials 1 calibrated thermometer, 1 scale that reads mass, 2 Styrofoam cups, 1 small lead sinker, boiling water in a beaker, 1 pair of kitchen tongs, 1 small cooking pot, stove top, distilled water, and 1 pair of safety goggles (I did not use a cork stopper). III. Procedure First, the beaker
Thanks to the boiling chips, the heat is evenly distributed within the flask, which permits a more controlled boil and eliminates the possibility of the liquid in the flask bumping into the condenser. The tedious distillation process is rather simple: the beverage evaporates in the distillation flask and, having no where else to go, enters the condensing tube, where it cools down and is converted back into liquid form. From there on, this liquid flows into the final container, a graduated cylinder [preferably in an ice bath]. The extracted distillate is otherwise known as ethanol, a clear, colorless, flammable liquid, produced through the process of glucose fermentation and frequently used as an intoxicating agent in liquors.
DETERMINATION OF PERCENTAGE ETHANOL IN BEVERAGES 1. Introduction to Gas Chromatography Gas chromatography is a very powerful separation technique for compounds that are reasonably volatile. The components of a sample partitions into two phases, the 1st of these phases is a immobile bed with a great surface area, and the other is a gas phase that permeates through the immobile bed. The sample is evaporated and passed by the mobile gas phase or the carrier gas through the column. Samples separates into the stationary liquid phase, based on their solubilities at the given temperature.
What is fractional distillation? Fractional distillation is a method of separating miscible liquids using heat. This technique is used for the separation of liquids which dissolve in each other. Several simple distillations are completed during fractional distillation using only one apparatus.
Rediet Legese iLab Week # 6 CRUDE OIL DISTILLATION Introduction: The aim of this week lab experiment is to experiment distill crude oil and to check how temperature determine the chemical properties of crude oil plus how the boiling point can also show physical properties. They are two major finding in this experiment. he first finding was the point at which the raw petroleum is heated to the point of boiling, at 275 0C, the gas and kerosene oil are refined, however the oil (lubricant ) stays as an unrefined feature oil.
The thermal distillation process uses heat to evaporate water and then later liquefy again. When there is leftover heat or enough electricity available, as is often the case with factories and power plants, thermal distillation is a well-organized and workable
Acids are proton donors in chemical reactions which increase the number of hydrogen ions in a solution while bases are proton acceptors in reactions which reduce the number of hydrogen ions in a solution. Therefore, an acidic solution has more hydrogen ions than a basic solution; and basic solution has more hydroxide ions than an acidic solution. Acid substances taste sour. They have a pH lower than 7 and turns blue litmus paper into red. Meanwhile, bases are slippery and taste bitter.
If impure, preform recrystallization procedure to remove the impurities. Then calculate Percent Recovered on crystals formed, and preform melting point procedure. 2. You find that a solid substance you are trying to purify is very soluble in ethanol, but not very soluble in water. You decide that you are going to try to recrystallize it from a solvent pair, consisting of ethanol and water.
Introduction Chevron Phillips Chemical Company is the major producer of Cyclohexane. This successful company hoses the three largest cyclohexane plants in the world. Many are puzzled by how the production of cyclohexane seems to have become stagnant. Perhaps this is due to the cost of benzene increasing or the demand increasing. Through thorough investigation, the answer to this question and many more can be answered.