“An average person takes about 12 steps before they litter.”(“Eye-Opening Statistics”). This is a shocking statistic. An average person shouldn’t even litter, littering harms the environment in many ways. It harms the oceans, each year about 300,000 dolphins die because the government throws the trash littered into the oceans. There are millions of dolphins out in the oceans and they are declining fast because people couldn’t take another 12 steps to get to the trash cans that are all over the place in cities.
Even if CO2 emissions completely disappear, it would take thousands and thousands of years for the atmosphere to return to normal. One scientist, Ken Caldeira, would publish research on ocean acidification, and it would be startling. For instance, he put fourth four different scenarios, and even in the best case scenario, the ocean is going to still end up the same as in the worst-case scenario. Furthermore, corals are dying at alarming rates. Consequently, this is where a massive portion of marine life resides.
‘Plastic in our oceans is the most dangerous form of pollution.’ To what Extent do you Agree More than 4.8 million metric tons of plastic is being dumped into our oceans every year, and this number is just a conservative estimate. Researchers believe the real amount could be as high as 12.7 million metric tons! This number was calculated by the UC Santa Barbara National Centre for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, and they hope to get a better understanding of where all the oceans’ trash comes from. Green Peace quoted that the ‘oceans are slowly turning into a plastic soup’. It is thought that 100,000 marine creatures die a year from plastic entanglement, most of these being birds who get their beaks or feet caught in plastic, or swallowing bits of plastic that look like sea creatures i.e.
Negative impact of illegal fishing 1. Indonesia’s economy State suffers direct losses because of unlawful angling. As indicated by Laporan Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan (BPK), Indonesia endures Rp.300 trillion losses every year because of illicit angling. 2. Damage to marine ecosystem Unreported or misreported fishing practices caused crucial problem of sustainability in Indonesia.
According to PRI, “research suggests that up to 90 percent of the plastic dumped illegally ends up in the ocean… this practice adds nearly 1 million metric tons of plastic trash to the seas each year” (Winn). Countries within Asia look the other way at these statistics which prompts critics of ocean cleanup to say that it will never happen. They claim that we don’t “fully understand the precise impacts of ocean trash” (Rastogi). Countries need to unite in order to fix what is happening, which is something a lot of people won’t bargain
These causes gutters and drains been clogged up make water and sewage to overflow and contribute to breeding grounds of germs and bacteria that cause diseases. The environment become unattractive by seeing a lot of plastic bags on the ground. According to the Malaysian Plastics Manufacturers Association (MPMA), the average Malaysian uses 300 plastic bags per year. Thus, with a population of 30 million, multiply that with 300, and the result is a whopping nine billion plastic bags Malaysian are using each year. A study published in Science by Jambeck and his associates in 2015, for instance, estimated that, out of 192 coastal countries in the world, Malaysia is the eight largest producer of mismanaged plastic wastes.
Unfortunately, plastic pollution in the ocean has not been recognized as an urgent problem. Since the ocean is treated as “the garbage dump” of the world for almost a century, there is a huge amount of plastic garbage. This essay will discuss the current situation, the effect on the marine environment and animals, plastic as chemical substance, and going to suggest the way to reduce the amount of plastic garbage in the ocean. Since the amount of the plastic production and consumption have constantly risen, a study estimated that the amount of plastic consumption will be 297.5 million tons by 2015. Eight million tons of plastic garbage have been thrown into the ocean every year.
However, the patch extends over an indeterminate area and the degree of plastic concentration is often used as an estimation to define affected areas. Plastic has been a major factor and contributor mainly because it is non-biodegradable and only breaks down into smaller pieces. According to a research found online, the heavy concentration of plastic has been killing millions of seabirds and approximately 100,000 marine mammals every year, and today’s amount of plastic is six times more than the amount of planktons in the sea. Impact/Potential Future Outcomes: Environmentally • Water contaminated • Affects the food chain • Marine animal extinction • A
Plastic Garbage Islands Myth or truth 14th of April 2016 ZLGY 3714 ************************************************** Kotolwane Nthabiseng 2011150907 & Slindo Nkabinde 2010060461 Plastic Garbage Islands Water is a common source of our lives, 70% of water covers the Earth as the Sea. They are about five oceans that surround the earth, namely: Artic, Atlantic, Indian, Pacific and Southern. Oceans and water generally form habitat of many marine animals and for our sake, they produce about half of the oxygen in the atmosphere. Unfortunately our oceans are in danger, especially Pacific Ocean which is treated as a garbage dump. They are about five garbage patches in the world and Pacific garbage patch is the largest of them.
Taking a simple stroll on any beach, park or anywhere, the plastic waste spectacle is present. All over the world, the statistics on plastic wastage are ever growing, significantly. In Singapore alone, 832,200 tonnes of plastic waste was generated in 2013 and the recycling rate is only 11%. Plastic waste includes plastic bottles, containers etc and all this pose a hazard to marine life as they can be mistaken as food by marine creatures. The amount of plastic waste that is consumed on a daily basis has created many problems around the world, posing potential threat or harm to animals and humans.