Police Force In The Uk Essay

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Since 9/11 the police forces in the UK and USA have developed and adapted in many ways to keep up with the changing modern world. In this essay I will discuss the history of the police, the initial impacts of 9/11, the year by year developments and the future of the police in our society.

In the UK, law enforcement and policing during the 1700s and earlier were not national organisations, they were organised by local communities like town authorities instead. During the 1730s, local improvement Acts made by town authorities often included provision for paid watchmen or constables to patrol towns at night, while rural areas had to rely on more informal arrangements. These arrangements developed throughout the 1700s, with Henry Fielding establishing the “Bow Street Runners” in 1749 and then Sir John Fielding later reorganised Bow Street into a form of police station with efficient paid constables between 1754 and 1780. In 1800, some town authorities became more involved in improving local policing. In 1800, an Act of Parliament enabled Glasgow to establish the City of Glasgow Police, which was the first professional police force in Britain. As the population in industrial towns grew, more local Acts were passed to improve policing in those towns, such as Rochdale in 1825, and Oldham in 1827.

In the early 1800s, London had a population
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In 1636 Boston created a night watch, then New York in 1658 and Philadelphia in 1700. The night watch was not a very effective crime control device. Watchmen often slept or drank on duty. While the watch was theoretically voluntary, many "volunteers" were only doing it to escape military service, were forced into service by their town, or were performing watch duties as a form of punishment. Philadelphia created the first day watch in 1833 and New York instituted a day watch in 1844 as an addition to its new police
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