131,132) Thus, negative politeness deals with saving one’s negative face by showing respect, appreciating the other’s interests or hobbies, and in some cases justifying the disturbance made to the other. (Yule, 1996, p. 62) Finally the off-record means, an act of communication that is vague and has many interpretations, so that, the speaker is not at fault or guilty of saying something that can hurt the face of the hearer. (Brown & Levinson, 1987, p. 211) The off-record strategy is to be further explored in the next
On the other hand, have you met someone who isn 't particular masterful in any areas but are filled with self confidence? This shows that self confidence may not have anything to do with achievements, skills or appearance. What really matter is your beliefs about yourself. What can you do to increase self confidence from within? Failure Is Not Failure Start looking at failure differently.
It is a strategy of speaking which uses a metaphorical extension of intimacy to imply common ground or sharing of wants to be a limited extent. It is used to make the hearer feels good about himself, his interests or possessions. It is usually used in situations where the audience knows each other very well. Negative politeness strategy is oriented towards the hearer’s negative face and emphasizes avoidance of imposition on the hearer. This strategy uses indirect language and removes the speaker from the potential to be imposing.
For example; respect for differences, cultural empathy, preservation of harmony and awareness of communication symbols. These elements are able to pin-point the level of cultural sensitivity present in an individual. Some people hold the generalized perception that individuals who are genuinely exposed to people from different cultures are often more culturally sensitive and able to deal with their differences efficiently. However, a study conducted by Fuller (2007) totally rejects this thought. Fuller claims that intercultural exposure does not play any role in boosting or influencing intercultural sensitivity.
Politeness Politeness social position or status is enigmatic and controversial for some people who do not share the same culture and value. Our mind could blow just thinking and cracking this nebulous concept of politeness as if we are deciphering a message into every society worldwide to comprehend other cultures which considered as polite to them but not to us. Numerous studies have attempted to explain politeness, for example Brown and Levinson (1978) which stated politeness as the public self-image that every member wants to claim for himself. While, Mustafa Haji Daud (1995) cited politeness as “proper conversational language, refined speech, disciplined behavior, courtesy, well-behaved manner and good character.” Politeness is also a theory describing a proper social system, rules for speech and behavior (Brown, 2015). In other language, it means politeness can be either linguistics or actions taken by people based on the social system and rules applied in the society or culture.
Although some people claim to overlook this power and keep an open mind, language is the true “key to identity” that cannot be shaken even after a first impression fades away. Certainly, there are idealists and altruists who make the claim that they are able to keep an open mind when meeting someone. And sometimes, based on a first impression, one might not make a judgement based on a language or dialect. These people claim that they look more at body language, confidence, and other more physical traits. They claim that the language a person uses is not the most important factor when it comes to knowing and making a clear judgement.
Personality-Its Nature, Development and Assessment With the character of an individual, there is usually associated another word, the 'personality1 of the individual. Though there is not a very great difference between the character of person and his personality, in this chapter we have dealt with them separately. Drawing a distinction between 'character' and 'personality', Woodworth says : "Character refers mostly to conduct that can be called right or wrong that meets or fails to meet the accepted social standards. Personality refers to behavior which, though not necessarily right or wrong, is pleasing or offensive to other people, favorable or unfavorable to the individual's standing with his fellow." Woodworth further suggests that his distinction is not sharp and he disregards it in his.
If someone is not used to people being polite to them they might respond negatively or positively. For example, if say a bully received an act of politeness from someone; they might think that person thinks they are weak or stupid and respond negatively, but if someone who is shy or is considered a loner receives an act of politeness they might respond positively and get overly excited about someone being nice to them. Politeness is good for an individual and society, but it can also be bad for an individual and society. Politeness is good for an individual because it can make them feel joyful even if they do not know it. When someone is polite is makes them feel good because someone thanks them or gives them a smile.
Overall, she thought it was good. In detail, she said there were some mistakes which need improving. She said some of my sentences lacked variety in length and complexity and sometimes, the linking words were not very accurate. However, she did not show me detailed examples so I had some difficulties in figuring out what I should improve. Moreover, in her opinion, my word range was good and all I need to do was that for some words, I should have made it more academic.